Dueling land ethics: uncovering agricultural stakeholder mental models to better understand recent land use conversion
Contributor(s):: Turner, B. L., Wuellner, M., Nichols, T., Gates, R.
The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use...
Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.
Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms
Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.
Barrier free horse ramp
Contributor(s):: Dorman, D., Bard, J.
Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning
Contributor(s):: Adams, J.
A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Farming and landscape management: how French farmers are coping with the ecologization of their activities
Contributor(s):: Deuffic, P., Candau, J.
In Europe, an increasing share of public subsidies for food production is being transferred towards the production of goods and environmental services. Today, farmers hesitate between the quest for technical and economic performance, which has been the paradigm of their professional activities...
Local perception of environmental change in a semi-arid area of northeast Brazil: a new approach for the use of participatory methods at the level of family units
Contributor(s):: Sieber, S. S., Medeiros, P. M., Albuquerque, U. P.
The diversity of plant resources in the Brazilian semi-arid region is being compromised by practices related to agriculture, pastures, and forest harvesting, especially in areas containing Caatinga vegetation (xeric shrublands and thorn forests). The impact of these practices constitutes a series...
Effect of dairy cattle husbandry on behavioural patterns of red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) in the Italian Alps
Contributor(s):: Mattiello, S., Redaelli, W., Carenzi, C., Crimella, C.
The present study aimed to investigate in the field the effect of the presence of cattle on red deer behavioural patterns, in order to provide information that could be used to improve land management strategies. The research was carried out in a summer range at 1500 m a.s.l. in the Italian...
Animals and soil sustainability
Contributor(s):: Beauchamp, E. G.
Domestic livestock animals and soils are parts of an agroecosystem which includes plants. Soil sustainability may be defined as the maintenance of soil productivity for future generations. There are both positive and negative aspects concerning the role of animals in soil sustainability. In a...
Melanesian axiology, communal land tenure, and the prospect of sustainable development within Papua New Guinea
Contributor(s):: Lea, D. R.
It is argued that some progress in alleviating the social and environmental problems which are beginning to face Papua New Guinea can be achieved by supporting traditional Melanesian values through maintaining the customary system of communal land tenure. The paper contrasts certain Western...
Transforming the integrated conservation and development project (ICDP) approach: observations from the Ranomafana National Park Project, Madagascar
Contributor(s):: Peters, J.
Preservation of the biological diversity and ecosystems in protected areas can be achieved through projects linking conservation of the protected areas with improved standards of living for resident peoples within surrounding buffer zones. This is the hypothetical claim of the integrated...
Site use of grazing cattle and sheep in a large-scale pasture landscape: a GPS/GIS assessment
Contributor(s):: Putfarken, D., Dengler, J., Lehmann, S., Hardtle, W.
Year-round mixed-species grazing at low densities in large-scale pasture systems has become a popular conservation concept as it is assumed to maintain the valuable biodiversity of semi-open cultural landscapes. This study aims to elucidate which vegetation types are preferentially grazed by...
The effects of immunocontraception on harem fidelity in a feral horse ( Equus caballus ) population
Contributor(s):: Madosky, J. M., Rubenstein, D. I., Howard, J. J., Stuska, S.
Feral horses on Shackleford Banks Island, North Carolina, are managed by the National Park Service in order to reduce their impact on the fragile barrier island ecosystem. Management techniques include removal of young horses and immunocontraception of many of the mares using Porcine Zona...
Effects of fly disturbance on the behaviour of a population of reintroduced Przewalski horses ( Equus ferus przewalskii ) in Mongolia
Contributor(s):: King, S. R. B., Gurnell, J.
Flies constitute a cost to animals by feeding from them, passing on disease or by preventing them feeding effectively. These costs could be more severe to animals suffering from some kind of stress such as reintroduction as part of a conservation programme. This study focused on the effects of...