When Human-Leopard Conflict Turns Deadly: A Cross-Country Situational Analysis
| Contributor(s):: Julie S. Viollaz
Habitat destruction and pollution are two of the main causes for the decline of the planet’s biodiversity. Yet environmentalists are now recognizing that illegal wildlife killings, both poaching and retaliatory killings due to human-wildlife conflict, are perhaps the next major threat....
Not your regular cat person | Latika Nath | TEDxBITSPilani
| Contributor(s):: Latika Nath
Latika Nath is a conservational ecologist and a wildlife photographer. She was awarded the title of ‘The Tiger Princess’ by National Geographic in 2001 which featured her work. She is the first woman biologist in India with a doctorate on tigers. She has spent over twenty-five years...
Human-wildlife conflict-causes, consequences and mitigation measures with special reference to Kashmir
| Contributor(s):: Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat
The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected...
Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards (Panthera uncia), with the provision of simulated social contact
| Contributor(s):: Macri, Alaina M., Patterson-Kane, Emily
Activity budgets of 18 captive snow leopards were analyzed in order to assess the behaviour of cats housed singly versus those housed socially. Six solitary snow leopards and 12 socially housed snow leopards were compared. Pacing and activity level were used as indicators of the potential welfare...
Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area
| Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal
Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...
Human-felid conflict in corridor habitats: implications for tiger and leopard conservation in Terai Arc Landscape, India
| Contributor(s):: Malviya, Manjari, Ramesh, Krishnamurthy
We use the Rajaji-Corbett corridor in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) in India to examine the pattern of human–felid conflict in wildlife corridors and its implications for the long-term persistence of tigers (Panthera tigris) and leopards (Panthera pardus) in the landscape. We administered...
Characteristics and distribution of livestock losses caused by wild carnivores in Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania
| Contributor(s):: Mponzi, Batistino P., Lepczyk, Christopher A., Kissui, Bernard M.
Livestock predation by common leopard in Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, India: human- wildlife conflicts and conservation issues
| Contributor(s):: Kala, Chandra Prakash, Kothari, Kishor Kumar
Risk and opportunity for humans coexisting with large carnivores
| Contributor(s):: Treves, Adrian
Enclosure design and space utilization by Indian leopards ( Panthera pardus ) in four zoos in Southern India
| Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Qamar, Qureshi, Ravi, Chellam
Enclosure design and the use of enclosure space influence the activity budget of captive leopards. The study laid out in grids all enclosures on the base map and segregated these grids into 4 zones. Every 5 min, the study recorded the proportion of time spent in these zones with the leopards'...
Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.
This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...
Influence of cinnamon and catnip on the stereotypical pacing of oncilla cats ( Leopardus tigrinus ) in captivity
| Contributor(s):: Resende, L. de S., Gomes, K. C. P., Andriolo, A., Genaro, G., Remy, G. L., Ramos Junior, V. de A.
Nonhuman animals in captivity can experience environmental privation that results in their exhibiting abnormal behaviors. Environmental enrichment techniques can help improve their welfare. This study investigated the behavior of 8 zoo-housed oncilla cats (Leopardus tigrinus) in response to 2...
The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus
| Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty
In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...
Behaviour of a captive pair of clouded leopards ( Neofelis nebulosa ): introduction without injury
| Contributor(s):: Law, G., Tatner, P.
Cross-institutional assessment of stress responses in zoo animals using longitudinal monitoring of faecal corticoids and behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, D. J., Carlstead, K. C., Wielebnowski, N.
Cross-institutional studies that combine non-invasive physiological measures of stress responses and the assessment of individual differences in behaviour and temperament have great potential as tools for assessing the well-being of zoo animals and for identifying key environmental stimuli...
Faecal glucocorticoid level is not correlated with stereotypic pacing in two captive margays ( Leopardus wiedii )
| Contributor(s):: Gusset, M.
The 'coping hypothesis' of stereotypic behaviour - that stereotypies are performed as a means of helping the animal to cope with its environment by reducing stress - was tested using two adult female margays (Leopardus wiedii), an endangered neotropical small cat species. Within-individual and...