Effects of group stability on aggression, stress and injuries in breeding rabbits
Contributor(s):: Andrist, Claude A., Bigler, Lotti M., Würbel, Hanno, Roth, Beatrice A.
On Swiss rabbit breeding farms, group-housed does are usually kept singly for 12 days around parturition to avoid pseudogravidity, double litters and deleterious fighting for nests. After this isolation phase there is usually an integration of new group members. Here we studied whether keeping...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)
Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.
There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...
Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...
Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.
Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth
Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.
The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....
Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs
Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.
Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...
Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.
This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development
Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., Ison, S. H., Baxter, E. M.
Research has shown that the domestic pig is highly playful throughout its development and that play is an important aspect of social and cognitive development. Therefore, the neonatal environment is fundamental to successful stimulation of play in neonatal pigs, which could have indirect and...
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.
A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances
Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.
Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...
Docking the value of pigmeat? Prevalence and financial implications of welfare lesions in Irish slaughter pigs
Contributor(s):: Harley, S., Boyle, L. A., O'Connell, N. E., More, S. J., Teixeira, D. L., Hanlon, A.
Expansion of the meat inspection process to incorporate animal-based welfare measurements could contribute towards significant improvements in pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus) welfare and farm profitability. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of different welfare-related lesions on the...
Common and emerging infectious diseases in the animal shelter
Contributor(s):: Pesavento, P. A., Murphy, B. G.
The beneficial role that animal shelters play is unquestionable. An estimated 3 to 4 million animals are cared for or placed in homes each year, and most shelters promote public health and support responsible pet ownership. It is, nonetheless, inevitable that shelters are prime examples of...
The effect of fine granular sand on pododermatitis in captive greater flamingos ( Phoenicopterus roseus)
Contributor(s):: Wyss, F., Wenker, C., Hoby, S., Houwald, F. von, Schumacher, V., Doherr, M. G., Robert, N.
Pododermatitis is a worldwide health and animal welfare problem in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). Since sub-optimal substrate or flooring has been described as a factor in the development of pododermatitis in poultry and raptors, it is also suspected to play a role in flamingo foot health....
Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.
Interaction between sows' aggressiveness post mixing and skin lesions recorded several weeks later
Contributor(s):: Tonepohl, B., Appel, A. K., Voss, B., Borstel, U. K. von, Gauly, M.