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All Categories (1-20 of 44)

  1. A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...

  2. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...

  3. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  4. A pilot investigation of Farm Assurance assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare as a confounding factor to training in pig welfare outcome measures

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of Farm Assurance (FA) assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare on the inter-observer reliability of some welfare outcome measures achieved following training was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of the incorporation of some on-farm...

  5. A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...

  6. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  7. Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...

  8. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  9. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  10. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.

    Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...

  11. Can environmental variables replace some animal-based parameters in welfare assessment of dairy cows?

    Contributor(s):: Mulleder, C., Troxler, J., Laaha, G., Waiblinger, S.

    Animal-related parameters best fulfil the requirements of a valid welfare assessment, but often they are less feasible than other parameters. Therefore, this paper examines whether animal-based parameters are connected with each other and with environmental factors in order to find out if some...

  12. Comparison of the severity of esophagogastric, lung and limb lesions at slaughter in pigs reared under standard and enriched conditions

    Contributor(s):: Ramis, G., Gomez, S., Pallares, F. J., Munoz, A.

    Two hundred and ten pigs were reared in three groups (according to genotype) under enriched conditions of large open-front sawdust-bedded barns. Eight hundred and twenty pigs were reared under standard conditions of small 15-animal pens in a conventional barn with partially slatted floors and...

  13. Dairy farmer attitudes and empathy toward animals are associated with animal welfare indicators

    Contributor(s):: Kielland, C., Skjerve, E., Osteras, O., Zanella, A. J.

    Attitudes and empathy of farmers influence human-animal interaction, thereby affecting their behavior toward animals. The goal was to investigate how measures of attitude and empathy toward animals were associated with animal welfare indicators such as milk yield, mastitis incidence, fertility...

  14. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  15. Effects of fattening boars in mixed or single sex groups and split marketing on pig welfare

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Bjorklund, L.

    Our aim was to evaluate the effects of single or mixed sex fattening of boars and split marketing (SM) on pig welfare. Female (n=10), male (n=10) and mixed sex (n=10) groups were fattened to 105 kg. Two focal pigs per pen were selected for continuous behaviour observations and skin lesion...

  16. Evaluation of parameters for monitoring welfare during transport and lairage at the abattoir in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Coma, J., Tibau, J., Manteca, X., Velarde, A.

    New transport legislation and society demands may increase the need for a 'fast' method to assess animal welfare at the abattoir. The objective of this study was to identify valid and feasible parameters which could be easily assessed at slaughterline in pigs. Eight transports (4 'far' and 4...

  17. Floor quality and space allowance in intensive beef production: a review

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.

    In intensive beef production in Europe, finishing beef cattle are typically reared in pens with fully slatted floors and low space allowances. These housing conditions were questioned in a report published by the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare in 2001. The report...

  18. How to deal with complex data of skin lesions in weaner pigs

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J.

    Skin lesions of pigs can be used as an indicator of their ability to adapt to the social and physical environment. A total of 315 weaner pigs were assigned to one of three treatments: groups of nine piglets from one litter (9 s), mixed groups of nine piglets from three litters (9 m) or mixed...

  19. Is lameness a welfare problem in dairy farms with automatic milking systems?

    Contributor(s):: Klaas, I. C., Rousing, T., Fossing, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.

    Lameness, a disease often observed in loose-housed dairy cattle herds, affects animal welfare in general and reduces cow locomotion. As cow traffic may be affected by restricted locomotion, lameness may be a significant problem in herds with automatic milking systems (AMSs). Between January and...

  20. Long-term consistency of selected animal-related welfare parameters in dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Brinkmann, J., Glatz, J.

    It was the purpose of this study to assess the consistency of selected animal-based welfare parameters for dairy cattle throughout a one-year period. Eight cubicle-housed dairy herds were visited five times, at two-monthly intervals. At each visit, lameness, injuries to the carpal and tarsal...