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Resources (1-20 of 101)

  1. Duration of confinement and pen-type affect health-related measures of welfare in lactating sows

    Contributor(s):: Maschat, K., Dolezal, M., Leeb, C., Heidinger, B., Winckler, C., Oczak, M., Baumgartner, J.

  2. Case control study on environmental, nutritional and management-based risk factors for tail-biting in long-tailed pigs

    Contributor(s):: Kallio, P. A., Janczak, A. M., Valros, A. E., Edwards, S. A., Heinonen, M.

  3. Different regrouping schedules in semi group-housed rabbit does: Effects on agonistic behaviour, stress and lesions

    Contributor(s):: Braconnier, Michèle, Gómez, Yamenah, Gebhardt-Henrich, Sabine G.

    Although group housing of naturally social animals like rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is desirable for ethical reasons, social conflicts can significantly increase the risk for injuries as well as stress incidences and negatively affect their welfare. A common housing system in Switzerland is...

  4. The influence of a magnesium rich marine supplement on behaviour, salivary cortisol levels, and skin lesions in growing pigs exposed to acute stressors

    Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin, Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, O’Gorman, Denise, Taylor, Stephen, Boyle, Laura Ann

    Pigs in intensive production systems typically experience multiple acute stressors which can have a negative impact on their welfare. This study investigated whether a magnesium (Mg) rich marine extract (SUPPLEMENT) could reduce the negative effects of mixing and an out-of-feed event on pig...

  5. Effects of group stability on aggression, stress and injuries in breeding rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Andrist, Claude A., Bigler, Lotti M., Würbel, Hanno, Roth, Beatrice A.

    On Swiss rabbit breeding farms, group-housed does are usually kept singly for 12 days around parturition to avoid pseudogravidity, double litters and deleterious fighting for nests. After this isolation phase there is usually an integration of new group members. Here we studied whether keeping...

  6. Agonistic behaviour after mixing in pigs under commercial farm conditions

    Contributor(s):: Stukenborg, Andreas, Traulsen, Imke, Puppe, Birger, Presuhn, Ulrich, Krieter, Joachim

    The aim of the study was to investigate agonistic behaviour of pigs after regrouping pigs under commercial sow farm conditions. The behavioural patterns were observed over a 48-h period, directly after weaning (PIG-28; n=647) and 40 days later (growing pigs, PIG-68; n=224). Agonistic interactions...

  7. Aggressive behaviour at regrouping is a poor predictor of chronic aggression in stable social groups

    Contributor(s):: Turner, Simon P., Nevison, Ian M., Desire, Suzanne, Camerlink, Irene, Roehe, Rainer, Ison, Sarah H., Farish, Marianne, Jack, Mhairi C., D’Eath, Richard B.

    Commercial pigs globally are routinely mixed into new social groups. This results in regrouping aggression predominantly during the first 24h which compromises welfare and productivity. Chronic aggression persists thereafter and is also undesirable. Management strategies are needed that reduce...

  8. Effects of lameness treatment for claw horn lesions on lying behaviour in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G., Thomas, Heather J., Kaler, Jasmeet, Craigon, Jim, Huxley, Jonathan N.

    Lameness affects lying behaviour in dairy cattle, increasing total lying time and the number of lying bouts. However, there is limited information about the effect of lameness treatment on dairy cow behaviour. This study investigated the effect of four lameness treatments on lying behaviour...

  9. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  10. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  11. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  12. Can automated measures of lying time help assess lameness and leg lesions on tie-stall dairy farms?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Bouffard, Veronique, Gibbons, Jenny, Vasseur, Elsa, Haley, Derek B., Pellerin, Doris, Rushen, Jeffrey, de Passillé, Anne Marie

    The time that dairy cows spend lying down is an important measure of their comfort and lameness and injuries to hocks and knees are associated with alterations in lying time. We examined whether automated measures of lying time could identify cows and farms with problems of lameness or leg...

  13. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...

  14. Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.

    This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...

  15. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  16. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    | Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...

  17. Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....

  18. Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.

    Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...

  19. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....

  20. Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds

    | Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.

    In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...