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  1. Experience of moderate bedding affects behaviour of growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Peltoniemi, O. A. T., Heinonen, M., Halli, O., Karhapaa, M., Valros, A.

    Effects of early substrate-enrichment on behaviour and productivity of pigs were evaluated in a trial with four siblings as the experimental unit. Pens either were (=E) or were not (=0) moderately bedded with wood shavings and chopped straw during suckling (0-4 weeks of age), nursery (5-9 weeks)...

  2. Influence of post-calving regrouping strategy on welfare and performance parameters in dairy heifers

    Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Wicks, H. C. F., Carson, A. F., McCoy, M. A.

    Thirty-six Holstein Friesian heifers (dairy herd replacements) were assigned to one of three regrouping treatments during the post-calving period. In Treatment 1, heifers were introduced individually to an established group of cows and heifers within 24 h of calving ('Single - day 1'). In...

  3. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...

  4. Partial tooth-clipping of suckling pigs: effects on neonatal competition and facial injuries

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.

    Two experiments investigated the effects on facial injury and piglet performance of partial clipping of needle teeth, whereby only the distal third of the tooth is removed. In experiment 1, teeth were partially clipped, fully clipped to the gum line, or left intact. All piglets of a litter...

  5. The effect of sampling strategy on the estimated prevalence of welfare outcome measures on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Browne, W. J., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of sampling strategy on the estimates of prevalence of some welfare outcome measures was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating some on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40...

  6. The interaction of liveweight and the degree of competition on drinking behaviour in growing pigs at different group sizes

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Sinclair, A. G., Edwards, S. A.

    If competition for access to a limited resource is substantial, access to that resource may be allocated disproportionately to different members of a group. Priority may be based on a dominance hierarchy, or on physical characteristics, such as weight. The pattern of drinking behaviour was...

  7. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  8. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...

  9. Reliability of temperament tests on finishing pigs in group-housing and comparison to social tests

    Contributor(s):: Brown, J. A., Dewey, C., Delange, C. F. M., Mandell, I. B., Purslow, P. P., Robinson, J. A., Squires, E. J., Widowski, T. M.

    If variation in behaviour is consistent within individuals and reliably associated with relevant welfare measures, this variation could aid in genetic selection, or development of management schemes designed to improve welfare. In this study, we focused on temperament tests in group-housed...

  10. Time course for the formation and disruption of social organisation in group-housed sows

    Contributor(s):: Arey, D. S.

    78 Large White x Landrace mixed parity sows were weaned from farrowing crates into groups of 6 and mixed into straw-bedded service pens with individual feeding stalls. Groups were transferred to similar gestation pens after 4 weeks where they remained until farrowing. In experiment 1 (24 sows)...

  11. Influence of free-stall base on tarsal joint lesions and hygiene in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Fulwider, W. K., Grandin, T., Garrick, D. J., Engle, T. E., Lamm, W. D., Dalsted, N. L., Rollin, B. E.

  12. Interactions with humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: E O Price

    The interaction of captive animals with humans is a major element in the process of domestication. The degree of tameness of individual animals to a great extent determines the nature of that interaction. The purpose of this chapter is to review what is known about the concept of tameness and its...

  13. Floor quality and space allowance in intensive beef production: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.

    In intensive beef production in Europe, finishing beef cattle are typically reared in pens with fully slatted floors and low space allowances. These housing conditions were questioned in a report published by the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare in 2001. The report...

  14. Behaviour and abomasal damage in individual veal calves

    | Contributor(s):: Wiepkema, P. R., Hellemond, K. K. van, Roessingh, P., Romberg, H.

    The relationship between abomasal damage and individual behavioural patterns of 61 crated veal calves (53 male and 8 female) was analysed. The calves were bucket-fed twice a day with milk replacer only. At slaughter (age 22-24 weeks), 67% of all calves showed abomasal erosions, ulcers, scars or...

  15. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    | Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  16. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    | Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  17. Dairy farmer attitudes and empathy toward animals are associated with animal welfare indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Kielland, C., Skjerve, E., Osteras, O., Zanella, A. J.

    Attitudes and empathy of farmers influence human-animal interaction, thereby affecting their behavior toward animals. The goal was to investigate how measures of attitude and empathy toward animals were associated with animal welfare indicators such as milk yield, mastitis incidence, fertility...

  18. Behaviour, social interactions and lesion scores of group-housed sows in relation to floor space allowance

    | Contributor(s):: Weng, R. C., Edwards, S. A., English, P. R.

    Eight established groups of 6 pregnant, multiparous sows were used in a replicated Latin Square design of experiment, with 7 day periods, to compare 4 pen sizes providing 2.0, 2.4, 3.6 or 4.8 msuperscript 2/sow. For the last 48 h of each 7-day period, a continuous video recording was made to...

  19. Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder

    | Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.

    The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...

  20. Prevention and treatment of tail biting in weaned piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Reenen, C. G. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.

    The aims of this study were to evaluate four preventive measures and two curative treatments of tail biting. The preventive measures were: chain, rubber hose, straw rack (5 g/pig/day) and the provision of straw on the floor twice daily by hand (2x10 g/pig/day). The two curative treatments, which...