The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit https://habri.org/grants/funding-opportunities/ close

 
You are here: Home / Tags / Lesions / All Categories

Tags: Lesions

All Categories (61-80 of 101)

  1. The accumulation of skin lesions and their use as a predictor of individual aggressiveness in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Farnworth, M. J., White, I. M. S., Brotherstone, S., Mendl, M., Knap, P., Penny, P., Lawrence, A. B.

    Post-mixing aggression in commercially housed pigs can be intense and often results in the accumulation of skin lesions. The number of lesions (lesion score, LS) has often been used as a proxy indicator of post-mixing aggression. There has been no previous attempt to quantify the role of...

  2. Reliability and feasibility of selected measures concerning resting behaviour for the on-farm welfare assessment in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Plesch, G., Broerkens, N., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Resting is important for regeneration and disturbances are welfare relevant as they may be associated with insufficient recuperation, frustration, discomfort or pain and increased risk for health problems such as lameness or lesions. As part of the Welfare QualityReg. project this study aimed to...

  3. The effect of group composition on the welfare of African catfish ( Clarias gariepinus )

    Contributor(s):: Martins, C. I. M., Schrama, J. W., Verreth, J. A. J.

    Within fish farming grading, i.e. the process of sorting to approximate size, changes the group composition from heterogeneous to homogeneous. Although this procedure is considered an acute stressor, the long-term consequences of grading on aggression and stress levels have not yet been...

  4. The effect of providing shredded paper or ropes to piglets in farrowing crates on their behaviour and health and the behaviour and health of their dams

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, E., Boyle, L. A., O'Doherty, J. V., Lynch, P. B., Brophy, P.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of providing paper or rope, alternative enriching substrates to straw, to piglets in farrowing crates on piglet and sow welfare. Sixty multiparous sows and their litters were housed in crates that were either barren (BARREN), enriched with...

  5. Effects of rearing and housing environment on behaviour and performance of pigs with different coping characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Bolhuis, J. E., Schouten, W. G. P., Schrama, J. W., Wiegant, V. M.

    The availability of a rooting substrate may profoundly affect behaviour and welfare of pigs. Apart from their actual housing environment, also the conditions present in early life and individual characteristics may influence the behaviour of pigs. The present study investigated the relative...

  6. The effect of rubber versus concrete passageways in cubicle housing on claw health and reproduction of pluriparous dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Mee, J. F., Kiernan, P. J.

    The effect of covering the passageways and feed face of a cubicle house with rubber flooring was compared to concrete in terms of claw health, behaviour and reproductive performance of dairy cows from a grass-based milk production system. Sixty-two, autumn calving, pluriparous Holstein-Friesian...

  7. A comparison of commonly used ear tags on the ear damage of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, D. S., Johnston, A. M., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    The damage caused by ear tags used for sheep identification was investigated in a two-part study. In Part I, ear tags classified as metal loop, golf-tee, single flex or lambtag were inserted into the ears of 62 ewes. The severity of ewe ear lesions was monitored until 20 weeks after ear tag...

  8. A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...

  9. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...

  10. A pilot investigation of Farm Assurance assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare as a confounding factor to training in pig welfare outcome measures

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of Farm Assurance (FA) assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare on the inter-observer reliability of some welfare outcome measures achieved following training was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of the incorporation of some on-farm...

  11. A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...

  12. Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...

  13. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.

    Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...

  14. Can environmental variables replace some animal-based parameters in welfare assessment of dairy cows?

    Contributor(s):: Mulleder, C., Troxler, J., Laaha, G., Waiblinger, S.

    Animal-related parameters best fulfil the requirements of a valid welfare assessment, but often they are less feasible than other parameters. Therefore, this paper examines whether animal-based parameters are connected with each other and with environmental factors in order to find out if some...

  15. Comparison of the severity of esophagogastric, lung and limb lesions at slaughter in pigs reared under standard and enriched conditions

    Contributor(s):: Ramis, G., Gomez, S., Pallares, F. J., Munoz, A.

    Two hundred and ten pigs were reared in three groups (according to genotype) under enriched conditions of large open-front sawdust-bedded barns. Eight hundred and twenty pigs were reared under standard conditions of small 15-animal pens in a conventional barn with partially slatted floors and...

  16. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  17. Effects of fattening boars in mixed or single sex groups and split marketing on pig welfare

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Bjorklund, L.

    Our aim was to evaluate the effects of single or mixed sex fattening of boars and split marketing (SM) on pig welfare. Female (n=10), male (n=10) and mixed sex (n=10) groups were fattened to 105 kg. Two focal pigs per pen were selected for continuous behaviour observations and skin lesion...

  18. Evaluation of parameters for monitoring welfare during transport and lairage at the abattoir in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Coma, J., Tibau, J., Manteca, X., Velarde, A.

    New transport legislation and society demands may increase the need for a 'fast' method to assess animal welfare at the abattoir. The objective of this study was to identify valid and feasible parameters which could be easily assessed at slaughterline in pigs. Eight transports (4 'far' and 4...

  19. How to deal with complex data of skin lesions in weaner pigs

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J.

    Skin lesions of pigs can be used as an indicator of their ability to adapt to the social and physical environment. A total of 315 weaner pigs were assigned to one of three treatments: groups of nine piglets from one litter (9 s), mixed groups of nine piglets from three litters (9 m) or mixed...

  20. Is lameness a welfare problem in dairy farms with automatic milking systems?

    Contributor(s):: Klaas, I. C., Rousing, T., Fossing, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.

    Lameness, a disease often observed in loose-housed dairy cattle herds, affects animal welfare in general and reduces cow locomotion. As cow traffic may be affected by restricted locomotion, lameness may be a significant problem in herds with automatic milking systems (AMSs). Between January and...