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  1. Long-term consistency of selected animal-related welfare parameters in dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Brinkmann, J., Glatz, J.

    It was the purpose of this study to assess the consistency of selected animal-based welfare parameters for dairy cattle throughout a one-year period. Eight cubicle-housed dairy herds were visited five times, at two-monthly intervals. At each visit, lameness, injuries to the carpal and tarsal...

  2. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  3. Peripartal behaviour and teat lesions of sows in farrowing crates and in a loose-housing system

    Contributor(s):: Verhovsek, D., Troxler, J., Baumgartner, J.

    Housing of farrowing and lactating sows in farrowing crates can cause a number of welfare problems. Recently, alternative farrowing pens have been developed which allow the sow to turn around and move freely. In this experiment a conventional farrowing crate (C; 5.0 m2; the sow is crated...

  4. Preliminary assessment of finishing pig welfare using animal-based measurements

    Contributor(s):: Whay, H. R., Leeb, C., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A preliminary investigation was undertaken to evaluate a series of animal-based welfare measures for the assessment of finishing pigs in units that were members of the RSPCA Freedom Food farm assurance scheme. A total of 20 finishing pig units were visited in the summer of 2002 and 14 of these...

  5. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  6. Reducing post-mixing aggression and skin lesions in weaned pigs by application of a synthetic maternal pheromone

    Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Burns, S. E., Barker, J. M., Edwards, S. A.

    In commercial pig production, piglets are often mixed after weaning which can result in severe aggression and lead to body damage, disruption of feeding behaviour and reduced growth. This experiment investigated whether application of a synthetic maternal pheromone to groups of weaned pigs in...

  7. Relation between parity and feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in non-lactating sows group-housed under various on-farm conditions

    Contributor(s):: Kongsted, A. G., Hermansen, J. E., Kristensen, T.

    The number of group-housed, non-lactating sows is increasing rapidly in Europe. However, systematic information of the between-sow variation in animal welfare related factors under various on-farm conditions is lacking. Indicators of feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in...

  8. Relationships between pathology and pain severities: a review

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G.

    The relationships between pathology severity and pain severity are reviewed using the literature available for humans. The aim is to help veterinary radiologists, physicians and pathologists recognise the disorders in which severity of a lesion is likely to be related to the severity of pain or...

  9. Selection against aggressiveness in pigs at re-grouping: practical application and implications for long-term behavioural patterns

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Roehe, R., Lawrence, A. B.

    The routine mixing of pigs causes aggression that cannot be greatly reduced by low-cost environmental changes. The variability and heritability of aggressiveness are discussed and both appear adequate to make selection against aggressiveness worthwhile in grower-stage pigs. Selection would...

  10. Stocking density and stress induction affect production and stress parameters in broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Villagra, A., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Chacon, G., Lainez, M., Torres, A., Manteca, X.

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of three different stocking densities on the production, stress and fear parameters of female broilers during a 46-day production period. Chickens were randomly distributed among nine floor pens in groups of 30 broilers with different space...

  11. Testing different methods to evaluate pig welfare on farm

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Foubert, C.

    Feasibility and validity of protocols used to assess welfare were evaluated in two fattening rooms in twenty farms, chosen according to the group size, pen shape, floor and space per animal. The two rooms contained animals at the beginning or at the end of the fattening period, respectively....

  12. The effect of mats on the welfare of sows and piglets in the farrowing house

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Regan, D., Leonard, F. C., Lynch, P. B., Brophy, P.

    The effect of providing mats in the farrowing pen on behaviour and lesions were studied in 38 sows and their piglets. 19 of the sows and their litters housed in farrowing crates with metal slatted floors were provided with mats and the remaining 19 sows were controls. Sow skin was inspected...

  13. The effect of method of tail docking on tail-biting behaviour and welfare of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Krebs, N., McGlone, J. J.

    The objective of this study was to explore the effects of tail docking and tail biting on pig welfare through an assessment of physiology and behaviour. In experiment 1, piglets were either tail docked using hot cautery iron (CAUT), blunt trauma cutters (BT), or their tails were left intact...

  14. The effects of selection on low mortality and brooding by a mother hen on open-field response, feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Uitdehaag, K. A., Ellen, E. D., Komen, J.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selection on low mortality in combination with brooding by a mother hen on open-field response at 5-6 weeks of age and on plumage and body condition at 42 weeks of age. Birds in the experiment were either selected for low mortality in...

  15. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  16. The occurrence of tail tip alterations in fattening bulls kept under different husbandry conditions

    Contributor(s):: Schrader, L., Roth, H. R., Winterling, C., Brodmann, N., Langhans, W., Geyer, H., Graf, B.

    Pathological alterations of the tail tip are a severe problem for fattening cattle husbandry with respect to animal welfare and economic losses. We compared the frequencies of tail tip lesions and less severe skin damage in bulls on farms with slatted-floor pens (slat, n=10), slatted floor pens...

  17. The welfare of finishing pigs under different housing and feeding systems: liquid versus dry feeding in fully-slatted and straw-based housing

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Chennells, D. J., Armstrong, D., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study assessed the health and welfare implications of feeding pigs a dry or liquid diet when housed in either fully-slatted or straw-based accommodation. Between April and October 2002, 1024 (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs, housed in pens of 32, were fed ad libitum from 34 kg to...

  18. Welfare assessment in 82 pig farms: effect of animal age and floor type on behaviour and injuries in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Eugene, A., Delarue, E.

    A welfare assessment method was built, based on criteria related to behaviour, lesion scores and human/animal interactions, and tested thereafter in two main types of farms differing by their type of floor: either concrete, fully or partially slatted (C; n=42) or straw bedding (S; n=40)....

  19. Welfare assessment of broilers through examination of haematomas, foot-pad dermatitis, scratches and breast blisters at processing

    Contributor(s):: Gouveia, K. G., Vaz-Pires, P., Costa, P. M. da

    Analysis of post mortem lesions is a common means for assessing poultry welfare during rearing and pre-slaughter handling. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of: age, sex, rearing system, total number of birds on-farm, period between catch and slaughter and distance from poultry...

  20. Why are sheep lame? Temporal associations between severity of foot lesions and severity of lameness in 60 sheep

    Contributor(s):: Kaler, J., George, T. R. N., Green, L. E.

    We investigated the temporal associations between the severity of foot lesions caused by footrot (FR) and the severity of lameness in sheep. Sixty sheep from one farm were monitored for five weeks. The locomotion of each sheep was scored once each week using a validated numerical rating scale of...