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  1. White Blood Cell Counts, Parasite Prevalence, and Plasma Cortisol Levels of Dogs in a County Animal Shelter: Changes over Days and Impact of a Program of Repeated Human Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Emily S. Dudley

    Animal shelter housing is highly stressful for a dog, compromising welfare and leading to undesirable behaviors and unknown health consequences. We documented the changes in circulating numbers of white blood cells, plasma cortisol, and fecal parasite shedding of dogs housed for 10 days at a...

  2. Validating the use of qualitative behavioral assessment as a measure of the welfare of sheep during transport

    Contributor(s):: Wickham, S. L., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Miller, D. W., Beatty, D. T., Stockman, C. A., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.

    We tested the application of qualitative behavioral assessment (QBA) as a welfare assessment tool. Sheep were exposed to road transport treatments, and behavioral expressions were compared between experimental treatments and validated by correlation with physiological measures. We compared...

  3. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  4. The importance of diet choice on stress-related responses by lambs

    Contributor(s):: Catanese, F., Obelar, M., Villalba, J. J., Distel, R. A.

  5. Genetic and non-genetic factors associated with milking order in lactating dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Berry, D. P., McCarthy, J.

  6. Occult enteric infection by Ancylostoma caninum: a previously unrecognized zoonosis

    Contributor(s):: Croese, J., Loukas, A., Opdebeeck, J., Prociv, P.

  7. Cohabitation with a sick cage mate: Effects on noradrenaline turnover and neutrophil activity

    Contributor(s):: Alves, Glaucie Jussilane, Vismari, Luciana, Florio, Jorge Camilo, Palermo-Neto, João

  8. Suffering in diseased pigs as expressed by behavioural, clinical and clinical-chemical traits, in a well defined parasite model. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Reiner, G., Hubner, K., Hepp, S.

    In assessing the quality of life of farm animals, the absence of disease has been given highest priority. During the course of infection, sickness and suffering refer to a coordinated set of behavioural and physiological changes. For a better understanding and assessment of animal suffering due...

  9. The combined effects of milking frequency and feeding level on dairy goat welfare and milk emission characteristics in late lactation

    Contributor(s):: Komara, M., Giger-Reverdin, S., Marnet, P. G., Roussel, S., Duvaux-Ponter, C.

    This study investigated the combined effects of once-daily milking and feeding level (ad libitum or adjusted) on goat welfare and milk emission characteristics in late lactation. Forty dairy goats housed in individual pens were managed under twice-daily milking and fed ad libitum during a...

  10. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  11. Order of cow entry at milking and its relationships with milk yield and consistency of the order

    Contributor(s):: Rathore, A. K.

    Four separate trials involved a total of 10 commercial dairy farms with 42-718 cows, mainly Friesians. The order in which cows chose to enter the milking parlour, and milk yield were determined for individual cows on all farms. Cows with high milk yields came earlier for milking than those with...

  12. Responses to social disruption in two lines of White Leghorn chickens

    Contributor(s):: Anthony, N. B., Katanbaf, M. N., Siegel, P. B.

    The effect of two forms of social disruption were studied in lines of White Leghorn chickens selected for high and low antibody response to sheep red blood cells. In both lines, cockerels moved from litter floor pen to cages at 56 days of age continued to gain weight while maintaining constant...

  13. The behavioural, endocrine and leucocyte response of ewes to repeated removal of lambs before the age of natural weaning

    Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S., Imlah, P., Goddard, P. J., Harkiss, G. D., Waran, N. K.

    The effect of repeated lamb removal on the blood leukocyte population of ewes was examined and the behavioural and endocrine responses to the stressor quantified. 12 ewes which had given birth to twins, were placed in separate pens with their lambs. After 13 days, the lambs (14-19 days old) from...

  14. Adrenocorticotrophin-induced stress response in captive vicunas ( Vicugna vicugna ) in the Andes of Chile

    Contributor(s):: Bonacic, C., Macdonald, D. W., Villouta, G.

    The vicuna is mainly used in two ways: wild captured, shorn and returned to the wild; or wild captured and maintained in captivity as part of a programme of sustainable use in the Andes of South America. Farming of wild vicunas has hitherto involved no assessment of their welfare. In this study a...

  15. Assessment of stress in non-human primates: application of the neutrophil activation test

    Contributor(s):: Honess, P. E., Marin, C., Brown, A. P., Wolfensohn, S. E.

    A technique measuring leukocyte (neutrophil) activity was used to examine differences between stress levels in a breeding colony of rhesus macaques housed in either a traditional caging system or open-rooms. The leukocyte activation test measured the degree to which blood from the two treatment...

  16. Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas

    Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...

  17. Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions

    Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.

    There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...

  18. Haematological and biochemical responses of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) to different capture methods and shooting

    Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A.

    This paper sought to determine whether common haematology and blood biochemistry values might assist in determining the relative welfare outcomes arising from the capture of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) by treadle-snares, Victor Soft CatchReg. (VSC) #3 traps, cage traps, netting and sampling by...

  19. Impact of trapping and handling on Leukocyte Coping Capacity in bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus ) and wood mice ( Apodemus sylvaticus )

    Contributor(s):: Gelling, M., McLaren, G. W., Mathews, F., Mian, R., Macdonald, D. W.

    Small mammals are routinely live-trapped and subsequently handled for a range of ecological and behavioural studies. Despite the techniques commonly employed being potentially stressful for the individual animals involved, it has hitherto been difficult to quantify the physiological impact. Here,...

  20. The effect of transport on cortisol, glucose, heart rate, leukocytes and body weight in captive-reared guanacos ( Lama guanicoe )

    Contributor(s):: Zapata, B., Gimpel, J., Bonacic, C., Gonzalez, B. A., Riveros, J. L., Ramirez, A. M., Bas, F., Macdonald, D. W.

    Current procedures for ranching and sustainable use of guanacos necessitate their transport. Transportation is a risky process for animals, and is a particular concern for wild-caught or semi-domesticated species such as the guanaco - a wild South American camelid species increasingly being...