The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Detecting autocorrelation problems from GPS collar data in livestock studies
Contributor(s):: Perotto-Baldivieso, Humberto Lauro, Cooper, Susan Margaret, Cibils, Andrés Francisco, Figueroa-Pagán, Manuel, Udaeta, Karen, Black-Rubio, Christina Michelle
Uneven use of grasslands and savannas by livestock has a significant impact on ecosystem productivity, biodiversity, and function. In studies of livestock distribution, global positioning systems (GPS) collars are frequently used and the rapid rate of technological improvement has brought new...
A Critical Needs Assessment for Research in Companion Animals and Livestock Following the Pandemic of COVID-19 in Humans
Contributor(s):: McNamara, T., Richt, J. A., Glickman, L.
Problem: The emergence of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in Wuhan, China, in November 2019 and a growing body of information compel inquiry regarding the transmissibility of infection between humans and certain animal species. Although there are a number of issues to be considered, the following...
City of Beasts: How Animals Shaped Georgian London. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2019. xviii + 310pp. 34 figures. Bibliography. £25.00 hbk. £30.00 ebk
Contributor(s):: Taverner, Charlie
Farm animals populate the next two sections: the cows and pigs reared within the built-up area, and the cattle and sheep driven into the heart of the city to be slaughtered. A recurrent theme of the book is the way in which urban growth actually increased interactions between animals and humans...
Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation
Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.
Human-carnivore conflict over livestock in the eastern Serengeti ecosystem with special emphasis on African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)
| Contributor(s):: Richard Daniel Lyamuya
Human-carnivore conflict is currently one of the main constraints to biodiversity conservation efforts outside many protected areas worldwide. A survey of livestock depredation caused by wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and other wild carnivore species in the Maasai and Sonjo areas outside Serengeti...
Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia
| Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray
Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...
Are the livestock guarding dogs where they are supposed to be?
| Contributor(s):: Zingaro, Margherita, Salvatori, Valeria, Vielmi, Luisa, Boitani, Luigi
In many parts of the world, livestock guarding dogs (LGDs) are considered one of the most powerful prevention tools against carnivore predation on domestic animals, but how they behave when left unsupervised with their flock on pastures is mostly unknown. We monitored 29 LGDs with GPS (Global...
Leadership linked to group composition in Highland cattle (Bos taurus): Implications for livestock management
| Contributor(s):: Sueur, Cédric, Kuntz, Cédric, Debergue, Elise, Keller, Blandine, Robic, Florian, Siegwalt-Baudin, Flora, Richer, Camille, Ramos, Amandine, Pelé, Marie
Animals kept for livestock or conservation form strong cohesive groups when foraging and moving, in the same way as their wild counterparts. Collective decision-making involves making compromises by consensus to maintain group cohesion and synchronisation. This type of consensus can be observed...
Assessment of circadian rhythm of activity combined with random regression model as a novel approach to monitoring sheep in an extensive system
| Contributor(s):: Nunes Marsiglio Sarout, Bruna, Waterhouse, Anthony, Duthie, Carol-Anne, Candal Poli, Cesar Henrique Espirito, Haskell, Marie J., Berger, Anne, Umstatter, Christina
Sensor-based technologies are becoming increasingly available and can be used to automatically gather long-term data about animal behaviour. With this information, it is possible to assess the circadian rhythm of activity and monitor its response to internal and external factors. Identifying...
Understanding human and other animal behaviour: Ethology, welfare and food policy
| Contributor(s):: Appleby, Michael C., Mitchell, Lesley A.
Food security and sustainability are paramount goals of global policy in the Twenty First Century. What are the contributions of applied ethology and animal welfare in delivering these major goals? Livestock plays a major role in food security and nutrition (FSN), because meat and animal products...
Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area
| Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal
Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...
Kiran Kiran Bajaj
Editorial: Advances and Perspectives in Farm Animal Learning and Cognition
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J.
201961722297-1769 (Print)2297-176910.3389/fvets.2019.00172engInstitute of Behavioural Physiology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, Germany.text
Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis
| Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.
Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth
In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...
Is the Colonisation of Staphylococcus aureus in Pets Associated with Their Close Contact with Owners?
| Contributor(s):: Karolina Bierowiec, Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko, Krzysztof Rypuła
In human beings and animals, staphylococci constitute part of the normal microbial population. Staphylococcus aureus could be classified as an opportunistic pathogen because the bacteria are noted in clinically healthy individuals, but when the immune system becomes compromised, they...
Facing disasters together: how keeping animals safe benefits humans before, during and after natural disasters
| Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.
| Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Krause, A., Nawroth, C.