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  1. High and Hyper: Fentanyl Induces Psychomotor Side-Effects in Healthy Pigs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Digranes, Nora, Haga, Henning Andreas, Nordgreen, Janicke

    Analgesic effects of fentanyl have been investigated using behavior. The behavioral effects of fentanyl and possible serotonergic influence are largely unknown. We therefore investigated behavioral effects of fentanyl, with or without the serotonin antagonist ketanserin, in pigs. Fourteen...

  2. Does behaviour predict weight gain during adulthood in captive group-living rhesus macaques?

    | Contributor(s):: Zijlmans, Dian G. M., van den Berg, Lisette M., Langermans, Jan A. M., Sterck, Elisabeth H. M.

  3. The locomotory characteristics of Caenorhabditis elegans in various external environments: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Parida, Lipika

  4. Factors affecting locomotor activity of search and rescue dogs: The importance of terrain, vegetation and dog certification

    | Contributor(s):: Novák, Karel, Helena, Chaloupková, Václav, Bittner, Ivona, Svobodová, Marek, Kouba

  5. Is There an Association between Paw Preference and Emotionality in Pet Dogs?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon, Tim, Frasnelli, Elisa, Guo, Kun, Barber, Anjuli, Wilkinson, Anna, Mills, Daniel S.

    Research with humans and other animals has suggested that preferential limb use is linked to emotionality. A better understanding of this still under-explored area has the potential to establish limb preference as a marker of emotional vulnerability and risk for affective disorders. This study...

  6. Assessing chimpanzees’ fluency of movement: Applications for monitoring health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Hopper, Lydia M., Lake, Benjamin R., Leinwand, Jesse G., Fultz, Amy, Ross, Stephen R.

    With age, primates’ activity levels and ease of movement may decline and changes in locomotory behaviour may reflect changes in health. Thus, developing quick and reliable measures of movement has important applications for measuring recovery from disease, injury, or any age-related mobility...

  7. The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau

    This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...

  8. Providing environmental enrichments affects activity and performance, but not leg health in fast- and slower-growing broiler chickens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: de Jong, Ingrid C., Blaauw, Xana E., van der Eijk, Jerine A. J., Souza da Silva, Carol, van Krimpen, Marinus M., Molenaar, Roos, van den Brand, Henry

  9. Assessing dairy cow welfare at the beginning and end of the indoor period using the Welfare Quality (R) protocol

    | Contributor(s):: de Graaf, S., Ampe, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

  10. Assessment of mobility and pain in broiler chickens with identifiable gait defects

    | Contributor(s):: Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Herskin, Mette S., Foldager, Leslie, Murrell, Jo, Sandercock, Dale A., Riber, Anja B.

    Gait defects, assessed as gait score (GS), is a common welfare problem in broiler chicken production. The aim of this study was to examine whether birds with GS2 experience pain and poor locomotor ability compared to birds of lower GS. From day 0–27 of age, 600 Ross 308 birds were housed...

  11. Investigation of distances covered by fattening pigs measured with VideoMotionTracker®

    | Contributor(s):: Brendle, Julia, Hoy, Steffen

    The investigation was carried out with altogether 144 pigs kept in groups of 6 or 12. Every pen was equipped with perforated floor. Water and the in-house compound feed with different elements depending on the fattening period were available ad libitum during the whole fattening period. At the...

  12. Electronic detection of lameness in dairy cows through measuring pedometric activity and lying behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Alsaaod, Maher, Römer, Christoph, Kleinmanns, Jens, Hendriksen, Kathrin, Rose-Meierhöfer, Sandra, Plümer, Lutz, Büscher, Wolfgang

    The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of electronic measurement of activity and lying behavior by ALT-pedometer to recognize different behavior patterns between non-lame and lame cows. The sensors were used to measure the activity and lying behavior, including the total...

  13. Development of physical activity levels in laying hens in three-dimensional aviaries

    | Contributor(s):: Kozak, Madison, Tobalske, Bret, Springthorpe, Dwight, Szkotnicki, Bill, Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra

    Levels of physical activity are known to be associated with a number of health and welfare parameters in laying hens, such as stronger bones. Despite this, we presently lack insight into the development of physical activity throughout the life of the laying hen. To close this knowledge gap, we...

  14. Use of space by domestic chicks housed in complex aviaries

    | Contributor(s):: Kozak, Madison, Tobalske, Bret, Martins, Candace, Bowley, Stephen, Wuerbel, Hanno, Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra

    To improve the understanding of the development of locomotor capacity in layer hens, we measured how female laying hen chicks (n=120) of four different strains (LSL-lite, Hyline Brown, Dekalb White, Lohmann Brown; 3 groups of 10 chicks per line) utilized the ground, the air, elevated horizontal...

  15. The effect of free-stall versus strawyard housing and access to pasture on dairy cow locomotor activity and time budget

    | Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Leruste, Hélène, Vasseur, Elsa

    Dairy housing systems can have major implications on how freely cows move within their environment and how fully they can express their behavioral repertoire, impacting overall welfare. To ensure housing systems are meeting the needs of the dairy cow, more information is needed on the best method...

  16. Optimizing rearing and welfare in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalesensis) broodstock: Effect of ambient light intensity and handling time on stress response

    | Contributor(s):: Figueiredo, Filipe, Aragão, Cláudia, Pinto, Wilson, Dinis, Maria Teresa, Oliveira, Catarina C. V.

    Broodstock rearing conditions and handling procedures should be optimized in aquaculture species in order to benefit fish welfare and guarantee optimal conditions for spawning. In teleosts, basal cortisol levels display daily rhythms, oscillating along the 24 h of the day. In this sense, handling...

  17. Behavioural responses of pasture based dairy cows to short term management in tie-stalls

    | Contributor(s):: Enriquez-Hidalgo, Daniel, Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Lewis, Eva, Buckley, Frank, Boyle, Laura, O’Driscoll, Keelin

    Dairy cows in experimental grazing herds are often confined for metabolic measurements. The objective of this study was to establish effects of transfer from pasture, to tie-stalls in a metabolism house, then back to pasture, on lying behaviour and locomotion score of lactating cows:...

  18. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  19. Disparities in activity levels and learning ability between Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) and Roborovskii hamster (Phodopus roborovskii)

    | Contributor(s):: Hiromi Ikeda, Mao Nagasawa, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Kimie Minaminaka, Ryosei Goda, Vishwajit S. Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse

    The Djungarian hamster and the Roborovskii hamster belong to the same genus of Phodopus. However, the Djungarian hamster is tame and shows sedative behavior, while Roborovskii hamster is not tame and shows high levels of locomotor activity. Hyperactivity occurs in animals with tameless behavior....

  20. A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)

    | Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.

    This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...