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  1. The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau

    This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...

  2. Providing environmental enrichments affects activity and performance, but not leg health in fast- and slower-growing broiler chickens

    | Contributor(s):: de Jong, Ingrid C., Blaauw, Xana E., van der Eijk, Jerine A. J., Souza da Silva, Carol, van Krimpen, Marinus M., Molenaar, Roos, van den Brand, Henry

  3. Assessing dairy cow welfare at the beginning and end of the indoor period using the Welfare Quality (R) protocol

    | Contributor(s):: de Graaf, S., Ampe, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

  4. Assessment of mobility and pain in broiler chickens with identifiable gait defects

    | Contributor(s):: Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Herskin, Mette S., Foldager, Leslie, Murrell, Jo, Sandercock, Dale A., Riber, Anja B.

  5. Investigation of distances covered by fattening pigs measured with VideoMotionTracker®

    | Contributor(s):: Brendle, Julia, Hoy, Steffen

    The investigation was carried out with altogether 144 pigs kept in groups of 6 or 12. Every pen was equipped with perforated floor. Water and the in-house compound feed with different elements depending on the fattening period were available ad libitum during the whole fattening period. At the...

  6. Electronic detection of lameness in dairy cows through measuring pedometric activity and lying behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Alsaaod, Maher, Römer, Christoph, Kleinmanns, Jens, Hendriksen, Kathrin, Rose-Meierhöfer, Sandra, Plümer, Lutz, Büscher, Wolfgang

    The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of electronic measurement of activity and lying behavior by ALT-pedometer to recognize different behavior patterns between non-lame and lame cows. The sensors were used to measure the activity and lying behavior, including the total...

  7. Development of physical activity levels in laying hens in three-dimensional aviaries

    | Contributor(s):: Kozak, Madison, Tobalske, Bret, Springthorpe, Dwight, Szkotnicki, Bill, Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra

    Levels of physical activity are known to be associated with a number of health and welfare parameters in laying hens, such as stronger bones. Despite this, we presently lack insight into the development of physical activity throughout the life of the laying hen. To close this knowledge gap, we...

  8. Use of space by domestic chicks housed in complex aviaries

    | Contributor(s):: Kozak, Madison, Tobalske, Bret, Martins, Candace, Bowley, Stephen, Wuerbel, Hanno, Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra

    To improve the understanding of the development of locomotor capacity in layer hens, we measured how female laying hen chicks (n=120) of four different strains (LSL-lite, Hyline Brown, Dekalb White, Lohmann Brown; 3 groups of 10 chicks per line) utilized the ground, the air, elevated horizontal...

  9. The effect of free-stall versus strawyard housing and access to pasture on dairy cow locomotor activity and time budget

    | Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Leruste, Hélène, Vasseur, Elsa

    Dairy housing systems can have major implications on how freely cows move within their environment and how fully they can express their behavioral repertoire, impacting overall welfare. To ensure housing systems are meeting the needs of the dairy cow, more information is needed on the best method...

  10. Behavioural responses of pasture based dairy cows to short term management in tie-stalls

    | Contributor(s):: Enriquez-Hidalgo, Daniel, Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Lewis, Eva, Buckley, Frank, Boyle, Laura, O’Driscoll, Keelin

    Dairy cows in experimental grazing herds are often confined for metabolic measurements. The objective of this study was to establish effects of transfer from pasture, to tie-stalls in a metabolism house, then back to pasture, on lying behaviour and locomotion score of lactating cows:...

  11. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  12. Disparities in activity levels and learning ability between Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) and Roborovskii hamster (Phodopus roborovskii)

    | Contributor(s):: Hiromi Ikeda, Mao Nagasawa, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Kimie Minaminaka, Ryosei Goda, Vishwajit S. Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse

    The Djungarian hamster and the Roborovskii hamster belong to the same genus of Phodopus. However, the Djungarian hamster is tame and shows sedative behavior, while Roborovskii hamster is not tame and shows high levels of locomotor activity. Hyperactivity occurs in animals with tameless behavior....

  13. A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)

    | Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.

    This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...

  14. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    | Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  15. The effect of presenting forage in multi-layered haynets and at multiple sites on night time budgets of stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, A. D., Redgate, S., Zinchenko, S., Owen, H., Barfoot, C., Harris, P.

    The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of multi-layered haynets and multiple presentation of haynets to increase time spent on feed intake behaviour at night (13 h observation). For preliminary assessment two horses performing the oral stereotypy of crib-biting were included. Six...

  16. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    | Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...

  17. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  18. An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.

    Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...

  19. Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears

    | Contributor(s):: Cless, I. T., Voss-Hoynes, H. A., Ritzmann, R. E., Lukas, K. E.

    Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears....

  20. Animal mobilegalities: the regulation of animal movement in the American city

    | Contributor(s):: Braverman, I.