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  1. Advancing Human-Animal Interaction to Counter Social Isolation and Loneliness in the Time of COVID-19: A Model for an Interdisciplinary Public Health Consortium

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hughes, A. M., Braun, L., Putnam, A., Martinez, D., Fine, A.

    The mental and physical human costs of social isolation and loneliness-and their possible amelioration through human-animal interaction (HAI)-have both received intense attention since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and its lockdowns, quarantines, and related mitigation measures. Concern...

  2. Companion Animal Type and Level of Engagement Matter: A Mixed-Methods Study Examining Links between Companion Animal Guardianship, Loneliness and Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clements, H., Valentin, S., Jenkins, N., Rankin, J., Gee, N. R., Snellgrove, D., Sloman, K. A.

    To reduce the spread of COVID-19, countries worldwide placed limitations on social interaction, which is anticipated to have severe psychological consequences. Although findings are inconsistent, prior research has suggested that companion animals may positively influence human well-being and...

  3. The Perceived Impact of The First UK COVID-19 Lockdown on Companion Animal Welfare and Behaviour: A Mixed-Method Study of Associations with Owner Mental Health

    | Contributor(s):: Shoesmith, Emily, Santos de Assis, Luciana, Shahab, Lion, Ratschen, Elena, Toner, Paul, Kale, Dimitra, Reeve, Catherine, Mills, Daniel S.

  4. Pets Against Loneliness (PAL)

    Full-text: Available

    Pets Against Loneliness is a group of volunteers in north London bringing together older members of the community with well-behaved dogs and their owners for the purposes of joy and the alleviation of loneliness. PAL is guided by three key values: community, companionship, and...

  5. The Impact of Pets on Everyday Life for Older Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Applebaum, J. W., Ellison, C., Struckmeyer, L., Zsembik, B. A., McDonald, S. E.

  6. The Role of Pet Ownership and Attachment in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Deidre Watt, Nancy A. Pachana

  7. Reducing loneliness and improving well-being among older adults with animatronic pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rifky Tkatch, Lizi Wu, Stephanie MacLeod, Rachel Ungar, Laurie Albright, Daniel Russell, James Murphy, James Schaeffer, Charlotte S. Yeh

  8. Loneliness and Pet Ownership in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Destiny Rodriguez, Dahlia Castillo, Ja'Nice Wyatt, Valeria Alvarez

  9. What Are the Benefits of Pet Ownership and Care Among People With Mild-to-Moderate Dementia? Findings From the IDEAL programme

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carol Opdebeeck, Michael A. Katsaris, Anthony Martyr, Ruth A. Lamont, James A. Pickett, Isla Rippon, Jeanette M. Thom, Christina Victor, Linda Clare

  10. Companion Animal Relationships and Adolescent Loneliness during COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K., Richer, A. M., Callina, K. S., Charmaraman, L.

    The pandemic associated with the emergence of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is an unprecedented historical event with the potential to significantly impact adolescent loneliness. This study aimed to explore the role of companion animals and attachment to pets in the context of the pandemic....

  11. [Loneliness in nursing homes-Experience and measures for amelioration : A literature review]

    | Contributor(s):: Plattner, L., Brandstötter, C., Paal, P.

  12. The Influence of Human-Animal Interactions on Mental and Physical Health during the First COVID-19 Lockdown Phase in the U.K.: A Qualitative Exploration

    | Contributor(s):: Shoesmith, Emily, Shahab, Lion, Kale, Dimitra, Mills, Daniel S., Reeve, Catherine, Toner, Paul, Santos de Assis, Luciana, Ratschen, Elena

  13. Pets and Loneliness: Examining the Efficacy of a Popular Measurement Instrument

    | Contributor(s):: Gilbey, Andrew, Tani, Kawtar

    The revised version of the UCLA-Loneliness Scale has been widely used to investigate the effect of pet ownership on human loneliness. This paper reports three tests of its efficacy for this purpose: 1) a qualitative evaluation of the 20 UCLA-LS items, which concluded that only 6/20 items were...

  14. Pros and cons of pet ownership in sustaining independence in community-dwelling older adults: a scoping review

    | Contributor(s):: Obradovi─ç, Nataša, Lagueux, Émilie, Michaud, Frédéric, Provencher, Véronique

  15. Biopsychosocial Factors and Cognitive Function in Cat Ownership and Attachment in Community-dwelling Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Branson, Sandra M., Boss, Lisa, Padhye, Nikhil S., Gee, Nancy R., Trötscher, Thea T.

    Few studies consider the health benefits of pet ownership from a biopsychosocial perspective, and a paucity of studies investigate cat ownership. The current study was designed to determine if psychosocial factors (stress, loneliness, and depression), biological levels of stress and...

  16. Companion Animals and Loneliness: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

    | Contributor(s):: Gilbey, Andrew, Tani, Kawtar

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate quantitative studies of companion animals and human loneliness. Five electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, Psychlnfo) were searched for articles on companion animals (including animal-assisted therapies...

  17. Effects of an animal visitation intervention on the depression, loneliness, and quality of life of older people: A randomised controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanelle J Buckle

    Older people—especially those living in residential facilities—comprise a vulnerable and oftentimes frail, but large and growing subset of the global population. Various age-related and socio-political, -economic, and -environmental factors place the quality of life of older people...

  18. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

    Background Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, including four measures: loneliness, positive and negative affect, and...

  19. Companion Animal Ownership and Human Well-Being in a Metropolis-The Case of Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Wong, P. W. C., Yu, R. W. M., Ngai, J. T. K.

  20. Reduciendo la soledad: terapia asistida con animales para adultos mayores de una residencia geriátrica

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mariana De la Puente Cunliffe

    Los sentimientos de soledad son un problema común en adultos mayores que viven en residencias geriátricas y diversos estudios han encontrado los efectos negativos que generan en su salud. También, se ha encontrado que la Terapia Asistida con Animales (TAA) puede reducir...