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  1. Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...

  2. The introduction of individual goats into small established groups has serious negative effects on the introduced goat but not on resident goats

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    The introduction of an individual goat into an established group is likely to result in intense agonistic interactions, which may adversely affect the welfare of both the introduced goat and the resident goats. To assess this situation, we introduced eight horned and eight hornless goats one at a...

  3. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Hérens cows kept in loose housing

    Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Hérens cows are typically not dehorned and are therefore housed in tie-barns during winter. Recently, however, farmers have started to also use loose housing systems. They separate single cows from their herd for periods of a few days to ensure undisturbed calving and to avoid excessive activity...

  4. Effect of mares’ dominance rank on suckling behaviour in the loose housed domestic horses

    Contributor(s):: Komárková, Martina, Bartošová, Jitka, Dubcová, Jana

    Suckling is a main part of maternal investment in equids. The suckling period is crucial for adequate physical as well as psychical development of the foal. The rank of the mother and her aggressiveness could be factors responsible for later reproductive or social success of the foal. We...

  5. Effects of loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting material on peri-partum sow behaviour and piglet survival

    Contributor(s):: Bolhuis, J. E., Raats-van den Boogaard, A. M. E., Hoofs, A. I. J., Soede, N. M.

    Sows are strongly motivated to perform nestbuilding behaviour before parturition. This behaviour is often restricted in commercial systems due to confinement of the sow and lack of suitable nesting material to be used on slatted floors. This study aimed to investigate effects of loose vs. crated...

  6. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  7. Assessing the human-animal relationship in dairy cows kept in different housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Popescu, S., Borda, C., Diugan, E. A., Popdan, R.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) represents an important feature of adequate cattle breeding, both for improving the animals' welfare and to facilitate the farm activities. The aim of this study was the comparative assessment of the HAR's quality in dairy farms with tie stalls and loose...

  8. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Herens cows kept in loose housing

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, I. M. L., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

  9. Consistency of individual behavioural characteristics of dairy cows in their home pen

    | Contributor(s):: Schrader, L.

    The aim of this study was to identify reliable individual behavioural characteristics of dairy cows based on aspects of their spontaneous behaviour and their reactions towards behavioural tests performed in their home pen. The parameters measured were supposed to reflect how easily the behaviour...

  10. Effects of early contact between non-littermate piglets and of the complexity of farrowing conditions on social behaviour and weight gain

    | Contributor(s):: Kutzer, T., Bunger, B., Kjaer, J. B., Schrader, L.

    In this study we tested if contact possibilities between non-littermate piglets and complexity of farrowing conditions affect the pre- and post-weaning behaviour, weight gain and skin lesions of piglets. Suckling sows were either kept in a group housing system (GH), in a single pen loose housing...

  11. Quantifying walking and standing behaviour of dairy cows using a moving average based on output from an accelerometer

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, L. R., Pedersen, A. R., Herskin, M. S., Munksgaard, L.

    Manual observations either directly or by analysis of video recordings of dairy cow behaviour in loose housing systems are costly. Therefore progress could be made if reliable estimates of duration of walking and standing could be based on automatic recordings. In this study we developed...

  12. The risk factors affecting the development of gentle and severe feather pecking in loose housed laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.

    Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest problems challenging free range egg producers, with both economic implications for the farmer and welfare implications for the birds. The most widespread form of injurious pecking is feather pecking, the most damaging form of which is severe feather...

  13. Effect of gestation housing on behaviour and skin lesions of sows in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Leonard, F. C., Lynch, P. B., Brophy, P.

    Group housing systems for pregnant sows are set to become more popular, but there is evidence that this development could influence the welfare of sows in farrowing crates. A study was designed to assess the effect of gestation accommodation on behaviour, welfare and farrowing performance of sows...

  14. Loose housing of small goat groups: influence of visual cover and elevated levels on feeding, resting and agonistic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Aschwanden, J., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Keil, N. M.

    Frequent social conflicts among goats due to their strict rank relationships can pose problems in loose housing of goats by negatively influencing feeding and resting times of low-ranking group members. In this study, we tested whether enrichment of loose-housing pens with structural elements...