Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task
| Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range
Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...
A Survey of Veterinarian Attitudes Toward Prepubertal Desexing of Dogs and Cats in the Australian Capital Territory
| Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Orr, Bidda Jones
Prepubertal desexing (neutering) has been a legal requirement for all cats and dogs in the Australian Capital Territory since 2001. All cats have to be desexed by 3 months of age, and all dogs are required to be desexed by 6 months of age. The role of veterinary attitudes and behaviors in the...
Owner and Cat-Related Risk Factors for Feline Overweight or Obesity
| Contributor(s):: Meredith Wall, Nick John Cave, Emilie Vallee
Feline obesity is a highly prevalent disease that poses an urgent and serious challenge. Attempted treatment by weight reduction is often unsuccessful; a new preventative approach that focuses on the role of the owner may be helpful. This study used data collected from an international survey...
Clinical and Immunological Response in Dogs Naturally Infected by L. infantum Treated with a Nutritional Supplement
| Contributor(s):: Pietro Lombardi, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Angela Giovazzino, Vincenzo Mastellone, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Valentina Rubino, Nadia Musco, Rosalia Crupi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Domenico Britti, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Laura Cortese
The use of nutraceuticals as immunomodulators in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis has generated interest in the current approaches to treat the disease. In this clinical and immunological study, we investigated whether the administration of a nutritional supplement mediates the...
Diagnosis of Feline Food Sensitivity and Intolerance Using Saliva: 1000 Cases
| Contributor(s):: W. Jean Dodds
This prospective study assessed the efficacy of a novel saliva-based immunoassay of IgA- and IgM-antibodies in predicting feline food sensitivities and intolerances. Clinical samples were obtained from 1000 cats proven or suspected to have food intolerances. Most were of domestic shorthair...
Communicating canine and human emotions
| Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger
Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...
Automatic Classification of Cat Vocalizations Emitted in Different Contexts
| Contributor(s):: Stavros Ntalampiras, Luca Andrea Ludovico, Giorgio Presti, Emanuela Prato Previde, Monica Battini, Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Silvana Mattiello
Cats employ vocalizations for communicating information, thus their sounds can carry a wide range of meanings. Concerning vocalization, an aspect of increasing relevance directly connected with the welfare of such animals is its emotional interpretation and the recognition of the production...
Dogs consciously experience emotions: The question is, which?.
| Contributor(s):: Ralph Adolphs
I discuss three themes related to Kujala’s target article. First, the wealth of emerging data on cognitive studies in dogs will surely show that dogs have a very rich repertoire of cognitive processes, for most of which we find homologues in humans. Second, understanding the internal...
Psychological and Physical Benefits of Interactions with Horses
| Contributor(s):: Jillian Hatcher, Clay Cavinder, Courtney P. Heaton, Lesli Figueiredo, Alex Holtcamp, Thu Dinh
Although much research exists concerning how horses can benefit people with specific debilitating impairments, relatively few studies have pursued what benefit horses offer people in the way of stress relief and improved quality of life. Study participants interacted with horses by grooming...
Change the Humans First: Principles for Improving the Management of Free-Roaming Cats
| Contributor(s):: Lynette J. McLeod, Donald W. Hine, Aaron B. Driver
In Australia, free-roaming cats can be found in urban and rural areas across the country. They are inherently difficult to manage but it is frequently human behaviour that demands the most attention and is in most need of change. To the frustration of policy makers and practitioners, scientific...
Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder
Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...
The Long Journey Home: Traveling with Beau
| Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith
In Part 11 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, preparations were made for Doris to fly home while Dr. Smith and Beau retraced their route across North America. The remaining 10 days of the trip were relatively uneventful.
Burden and predictors of Staphylococcus aureus and S. pseudintermedius infections among dogs presented at an academic veterinary hospital in South Africa (2007–2012)
| Contributor(s):: Daniel N. Qekwana, James Wabwire Oguttu, Fortune Sithole, Agricola Odoi
Background Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information to help investigate...
Kouluviihtyvyys koiraluokissa - fenomenologinen tapaustutkimus koiraluokkakokemuksista
| Contributor(s):: Katariina Karvinen
Tämä on kvalitatiivinen tapaustutkimus Suomen perusopetuksen koiraluokista. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli tarkastella koiraluokkatoimintaa kouluviihtyvyyden näkökulmasta sekä lisätä tietoa ja ymmärrystä koiraluokista yleensä. Lähestyn aihetta...
Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs
| Contributor(s):: Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera
The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions. Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with...
Effects of a Nutritional Supplement on Cognitive Function in Aged Dogs and on Synaptic Function of Primary Cultured Neurons
| Contributor(s):: Maria Elena Pero, Laura Cortese, Vincenzo Mastellone, Raffaella Tudisco, Nadia Musco, Anna Scandurra, Biagio D’Aniello, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Francesca Bartolini, Pietro Lombardi
The objective of this research was to investigate the efficacy of DìSeniorTM, a nutraceutical formulated to improve cognitive functions in elderly dogs. To this purpose, some clinical and metabolic investigations and a spatial navigation test were performed in treated and untreated dogs....
A Long-Term Lens: Cumulative Impacts of Free-Roaming Cat Management Strategy and Intensity on Preventable Cat Mortalities
| Contributor(s):: John D. Boone, Philip S. Miller, Joyce R. Briggs, Valerie A. W. Benka, Dennis F. Lawler, Margaret Slater, Julie K. Levy, Stephen Zawistowski
This study used a previously developed stochastic simulation model (1) to estimate the impact of different management actions on free-roaming kitten and cat mortality over a 10-year period. These longer-term cumulative impacts have not been systematically examined to date. We examined seven...
Studying dog emotion beyond expression and without concern for feeling
| Contributor(s):: Peter F. Cook
Studies of dog emotion have focused on the expression of social emotion, either because this is taken to suggest human-like feeling states in dogs or because it has been the most accessible signal of dog emotional processing. I argue for an approach grounded in affective neuroscience, relying...
Lake Kluane: Traveling with Beau
In Part 8 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, the stop at Kluane National Park and Reserve offered views of some of the most majestic mountains in North America and a chance for Beau to run along the lake and get tangles of burrs in his coat.
Homeward Bound: The Struggle Senior Dogs Face to Find Their Fur-Ever Homes, An Exhibition Proposal
| Contributor(s):: Natalia Maria Senida Chavez
For this capstone project, I created a proposal for an exhibition centering around animal rights that focuses on the rights of senior dogs in United States animal shelters. Homeward Bound: The Struggle Senior Dogs Face to Find Their Fur-Ever Homes intends to raise...