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  1. The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, EnikÅ‘ Kubinyi

    Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...

  2. Evaluating FIDO: Developing and pilot testing the Field Instantaneous Dog Observation tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy E. Bauer, Mary Jordan, Monica Colon, Traci Shreyer, Candace C. Croney

    Field assessments of the health and welfare of kenneled dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) must be both accurate and rapid. In order to facilitate such evaluations, especially by individuals with limited training in canine behavior and welfare, a non-invasive tool was developed and pilot-tested...

  3. An Evaluation of Respondent Conditioning Procedures to Decrease Barking in an Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Wade Payne, Kian S Assemi

    A common problem behavior in animal shelters is excessive noise from barking, which can regularly exceed 100dBs.  Noise levels in animal shelters are correlated with increased stress in dogs, which may lead to increased problem behavior and a decrease in adoption.  The purpose of the...

  4. Comparing trainers' reports of clicker use to the use of clickers in applied research studies: methodological differences may explain conflicting results

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynna C Feng, Tiffani J Howell, Pauleen C Bennett

    Clicker training refers to an animal training technique, derived from laboratory-based studies of animal learning and behaviour, in which a reward-predicting signal is delivered immediately following performance of a desired behaviour, and is subsequently followed by a reward. While clicker...

  5. Predictors of proximity to others in colony housed shelter cats (Felis silvestris catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Michael Piombino, Kalina Bracco

    Colony housing of cats allows shelters to maximize the number of cats housed in limited space. Most research on colony-housed cats examines stress in relation to group size or enclosure size.  While this is important for evaluating welfare, it is equally important to understand how cats...

  6. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  7. Cats and owners interact more with each other after a longer duration of separation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matilda Eriksson, Linda J. Keeling, Therese Rehn

    Little is known about the cat’s (Felis silvestris catus) need for human contact, although it is generally believed that cats are more independent pets than e.g. dogs. In this study, we investigated the effect of time left alone at home on cat behaviour (e.g. social and distress-related)...

  8. Equine Assisted Interventions (EAIs): Methodological Considerations for Stress Assessment in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli, Fabio Luzi, Veronica Redaelli, Annalisa Stefani, Marica Toson, Rosangela Odore, Cristina Vercelli, Emanuela Valle, Luca Farina

    Equine assisted interventions (EAIs) are recently facing an increasing popularity, and are characterized by a wide diversity of practices. However, information on the welfare of animals involved in this kind of activity is often lacking. Horses are highly susceptible to work stressors related...

  9. An Animal-Assisted Intervention Study in the Nursing Home: Lessons Learned

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lonneke G. J. A. Schuurmans, Inge Noback, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Marie-Jose Enders-Slegers

    AAI studies in the nursing home pose a specific set of challenges. In this article the practical and ethical issues encountered during a Dutch psychogeriatric nursing home AAI study are addressed with the aim of sharing our experiences for future researchers as well as AAI practitioners in...

  10. Brain regions involved in observing and trying to interpret dog behaviour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Desmet, Alko van der Wiel, Marcel Brass

    Humans and dogs have interacted for millennia. As a result, humans (and especially dog owners) sometimes try to interpret dog behaviour. While there is extensive research on the brain regions that are involved in mentalizing about other peoples’ behaviour, surprisingly little is known of...

  11. Dog attachment and perceived social support in overweight/obese and healthy weight children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah E. Linder, Jennifer M. Sacheck, Farzad Noubary, Miriam E. Nelson, Lisa M. Freeman

    The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The...

  12. Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tyler Davis, Micah B. Goldwater, Molly E. Ireland, Nicholas Gaylord, Jason Van Allen

    Emerging zoonoses are a prominent global health threat. Human beliefs are central to drivers of emerging zoonoses, yet little is known about how people make inferences about risk in such scenarios. We present an inductive account of zoonosis risk perception, suggesting that beliefs about the...

  13. The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ineke R. van Herwijnen, Joanne A. M. van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda

    Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...

  14. Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Magda Alves de Medeiros

    Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...

  15. Effects of Short-Term Human-Horse Interactions on Human Heart Rate Variability: A Multiple Single Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: Saan Ecker, Amy Lykins

  16. Dog Ownership and Survival After a Major Cardiovascular Event: A Register-Based Prospective Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mwenya Mubanga, Liisa Byberg, Agneta Egenvall, Erik Ingelsson, Tove Fall

  17. Dog Ownership and Survival: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caroline K. Kramer, Sadia Mehmood, Renée S. Suen

  18. Grow Old Along with Me: The Meaning of Dogs in Seniors' Lives

    | Contributor(s):: Ardra Linette Cole

    AbstractThis is a phenomenological study intended to more fully understand the meaning and significance older adults attach to their relationship with their dogs. What do those relationships look like? How do they help to define seniors’ lives? What is it about those relationships that...

  19. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  20. Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study

    | Contributor(s):: Qureshi, A. I., Memon, M. Z., Vazquez, G., Suri, M. F.

    Background: The presence of pets has been associated with reduction of stress and blood pressure and therefore may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Relative risks (RR) of all deaths, death due to myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (MI or stroke), and...