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  1. Farmyard Animal or Best Friend? Exploring Predictors of Dog vs. Pig Pet Speciesism

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Gradidge, Magdalena Zawisza, Annelie J. Harvey, Daragh T. McDermott

    Despite dogs’ and pigs’ shared similarities, previous research indicates people favor dogs over pigs (known as “pet speciesism”). While pet speciesism has been empirically sup-ported, little is known about its predictors. This gap in the literature is problematic as...

  2. First-Time Experience in Owning a Dog Guide by Older Adults with Vision Loss

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kitsum Li, Jeffrey Kou, Yvonne Lam, Patricia Lyons, Susan Nguyen

    Introduction: Dog guides were found to be effective in helping adults with vision loss navigate in the community and improve overall well-being. In spite of the vast amount of literature on pet therapy and dog companionship, limited study exists on older adult with vision loss experience...

  3. Non-Contact Vital Signs Monitoring of Dog and Cat Using a UWB Radar

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pengfei Wang, Yangyang Ma, Fulai Liang, Yang Zhang, Xiao Yu, Zhao Li, Qiang An, Hao Lv, Jianqi Wang

    As pets are considered members of the family, their health has received widespread attention. Since pets cannot talk and complain when they feel uncomfortable, monitoring vital signs becomes very helpful in disease detection, as well as observing their progression and response to treatment. In...

  4. Uncontrolled Outdoor Access for Cats: An Assessment of Risks and Benefits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah M.L. Tan, Anastasia C. Stellato, Lee Niel

    Uncontrolled outdoor access is associated with a number of welfare concerns for companion cats, including increased risks of disease and parasites, injury or death due to traffic, predation or ingestion of toxic substances, and getting permanently separated from their owner. In addition, cats...

  5. Dogs trigger attention during Animal Assisted Intervention in prison: a preliminary study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, Martine Hausberger, Christine Heyraud, Astrid Hirschelmann

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) seem to offer promising possibilities to prevent daily conditions of inmates (overcrowding or social isolation); however, nothing is known either about the potential processes involved or impact AAI on the development of interactions between inmates. We...

  6. Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid

    Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...

  7. Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand

    Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...

  8. Dogs distinguish human intentional and unintentional action

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Britta Schünemann, Judith Keller, Hannes Rakoczy, Tanya Behne, Juliane Bräuer

    When dogs interact with humans, they often show appropriate reactions to human intentional action. But it is unclear from these everyday observations whether the dogs simply respond to the action outcomes or whether they are able to discriminate between different categories of actions. Are dogs...

  9. Dogs' Sociability, Owners' Neuroticism and Attachment Style to Pets as Predictors of Dog Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Gobbo, Manja Zupan

    A dog’s aggressive behavior is influenced by external and internal factors, including its psychological profile. In this study, dogs’ and owners’ personalities and the owners’ attachment style to their dogs were identified and associated with owner-reported dog...

  10. Metabolic and Biomolecular Changes Induced by Incremental Long-Term Training in Young Thoroughbred Racehorses during First Workout Season

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arianna Miglio, Katia Cappelli, Stefano Capomaccio, Samanta Mecocci, Maurizio Silvestrelli, Maria Teresa Antognoni

    Training has a huge effect on physiological homeostasis. The Thoroughbred racehorse is a valid animal model to investigate such changes for training schedule fine-tuning. As happens in human athletes, it is hypothesized that biochemical and immune response changes and related biomolecular...

  11. Deadly Predators and Virtuous Buddhists: Dog Population Control and the Politics of Ethics in Ladakh

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karine Gagné

    The region of Ladakh in the Indian Himalayas has recently seen a rise in attacks by stray dogs, some of which have been fatal. The dogs’ claims on territory have not gone uncontested in an emotional landscape fraught with anxieties over religious identities as tensions prevail between a...

  12. Pain and Problem Behavior in Cats and Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel S. Mills, Isabelle Demontigny-Bédard, Margaret Gruen, Mary P. Klinck, Kevin J. McPeake, Ana Maria Barcelos, Lynn Hewison, Himara Van Haevermaet, Sagi Denenberg, Hagar Hauser, Colleen Koch, Kelly Ballantyne, Colleen Wilson, Chirantana V Mathkari, Julia Pounder, Elena Garcia, Patrícia Darder, Jaume Fatjó, Emily Levine

    We argue that there is currently an under-reporting of the ways in which pain can be associated with problem behavior, which is seriously limiting the recognition of this welfare problem. A review of the caseloads of 100 recent dog cases of several authors indicates that a conservative estimate...

  13. Effects of therapeutic horse-riding program on the walking ability of students with intellectual disabilities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ok-Deuk Kang

    The purpose of this study was to determine if an 8-week therapeutic riding (TR) program was effective in improving the walking ability of students with intellectual disabilities. Thirteen students diagnosed with intellectual disabilities participated in the TR program. TR sessions were...

  14. Horse racing as an ancient Greek and Roman leisure pastime

    | Contributor(s):: Perold, I., Young, M.

  15. To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de

  16. Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments

    | Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.

  17. Perceptions of domestic dogs' (Canis familiaris) manifestations of joy, shame and stress based on photographs

    | Contributor(s):: Kuzniewska, E., Strychalski, J.

  18. Human-cat emotional closeness and unacceptable behavior in cats: a Brazilian perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Franck, K. R., Paz, J. E. G., Costa, E. de F., Costa, F. V. A. da

  19. Dog behaviour prediction testing

    | Contributor(s):: Florian, M., Kottferova, J.

  20. Understanding the performance of truffle dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Cejka, T., Thomas, P. W., Oliach, D., Stobbe, U., Egli, S., Tegel, W., Centenaro, G., Sproll, L., Bagi, I., Trnka, M., Buntgen, U.

    2022Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research52/538-1310.1016/j.jveb.2022.04.002EnglishDepartment of Climate Change Impacts on Agroecosystems, Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, South Moravian Region, Czech...