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  1. To eat or not to eat companion dogs: symbolic value of dog meat and human–dog companionship in contemporary South Korea

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julien Dugnoille

    South Korea is widely regarded as a nation that eats dogs. Today, South Korean civil discourses emphasize a clear boundary between companion animals and livestock but an ethnographic approach to the South Korean dog-meat trade reveals that this taxonomy does not always represent how dogs are...

  2. The Importance of Comparative Psychology in Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Kieson

    Practitioners of Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT) use it to help individuals suffering from a wide range of physical and psychological disorders as an alternative practice in physical and psychotherapy.  Although there is plenty of research to support the benefits of these...

  3. The Influence of Perceptions, Attitudes, and Experiences on the Perceived Risks and Benefits of Free-Roaming Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dara Wald, Susan K. Jacobson

    Individual perceptions of free-roaming cats can vary from “voracious predators of small birds and mammals” to “cherished and beloved companion animals.” This paper focused on the influence of situational variables (e.g., experiences with outdoor cats), cognitive...

  4. Effects of Affiliative Human–Animal Interaction on Dog Salivary and Plasma Oxytocin and Vasopressin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Evan MacLean, Laurence R Gesquiere, Nancy R Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

    Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are neuropeptides with diverse effects on social behavior, cognition and stress responses. Recent studies suggest that OT facilitates and responds to affiliative forms of human–animal interaction (HAI). However, previous studies measuring OT and AVP in...

  5. Human and Canid Dietary Relationships: Comparative Stable Isotope Analysis From the Kodiak Archipelago, Alaska

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine F. West, Christine A. France

    Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes are used to address the dietary relationship between humans and two canid species at the Uyak site (KOD-145) on Kodiak Island, Alaska: dog (Canis familiaris) and red fox (Vulpes vulpes). We assess the relative contribution of marine and terrestrial protein to...

  6. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  7. Corrigendum: Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly M. Saverino, Alexander M. Reiter

    A corrigendum on Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017) by Saverino, K. M., and Reiter, A. M. (2018). Front. Vet. Sci. 5:144. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00144

  8. Pressure Mat Analysis of Walk and Trot Gait Characteristics in 66 Normal Small, Medium, Large, and Giant Breed Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria A. Fahie, Jonathan C. Cortez, Marc Ledesma, Yuhua Su

    Objectives: To document temporospatial variables and gait symmetry measured by the GAITRite® system for normal, healthy dogs at the walk and trot with the leash side recorded. Study Design: Observational, prospective, cohort study. Sample Population: 66 healthy dogs of various common breeds...

  9. In search of stress odours across species: Behavioural responses of rats to faeces from chickens and rats subjected to various types of stressful events

    | Contributor(s):: Bombail, Vincent, Barret, Blandine, Raynaud, Aurélien, Jerôme, Nathalie, Saint-Albin, Audrey, Ridder, Carsten, Collin, Anne, Leterrier, Christine, Guilloteau, Laurence A., Nielsen, Birte L.

    Stressed animals have an increased risk of health and welfare problems, thus methods for easy and early stress detection are important for appropriate animal management. Using the ability of rats to distinguish between faeces odours from stressed and non-stressed conspecifics, we investigated...

  10. The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, Enikő Kubinyi

    Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...

  11. Evaluating FIDO: Developing and pilot testing the Field Instantaneous Dog Observation tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy E. Bauer, Mary Jordan, Monica Colon, Traci Shreyer, Candace C. Croney

    Field assessments of the health and welfare of kenneled dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) must be both accurate and rapid. In order to facilitate such evaluations, especially by individuals with limited training in canine behavior and welfare, a non-invasive tool was developed and pilot-tested...

  12. An Evaluation of Respondent Conditioning Procedures to Decrease Barking in an Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Wade Payne, Kian S Assemi

    A common problem behavior in animal shelters is excessive noise from barking, which can regularly exceed 100dBs.  Noise levels in animal shelters are correlated with increased stress in dogs, which may lead to increased problem behavior and a decrease in adoption.  The purpose of the...

  13. Comparing trainers' reports of clicker use to the use of clickers in applied research studies: methodological differences may explain conflicting results

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynna C Feng, Tiffani J Howell, Pauleen C Bennett

    Clicker training refers to an animal training technique, derived from laboratory-based studies of animal learning and behaviour, in which a reward-predicting signal is delivered immediately following performance of a desired behaviour, and is subsequently followed by a reward. While clicker...

  14. Predictors of proximity to others in colony housed shelter cats (Felis silvestris catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Michael Piombino, Kalina Bracco

    Colony housing of cats allows shelters to maximize the number of cats housed in limited space. Most research on colony-housed cats examines stress in relation to group size or enclosure size.  While this is important for evaluating welfare, it is equally important to understand how cats...

  15. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  16. Cats and owners interact more with each other after a longer duration of separation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matilda Eriksson, Linda J. Keeling, Therese Rehn

    Little is known about the cat’s (Felis silvestris catus) need for human contact, although it is generally believed that cats are more independent pets than e.g. dogs. In this study, we investigated the effect of time left alone at home on cat behaviour (e.g. social and distress-related)...

  17. Equine Assisted Interventions (EAIs): Methodological Considerations for Stress Assessment in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli, Fabio Luzi, Veronica Redaelli, Annalisa Stefani, Marica Toson, Rosangela Odore, Cristina Vercelli, Emanuela Valle, Luca Farina

    Equine assisted interventions (EAIs) are recently facing an increasing popularity, and are characterized by a wide diversity of practices. However, information on the welfare of animals involved in this kind of activity is often lacking. Horses are highly susceptible to work stressors related...

  18. An Animal-Assisted Intervention Study in the Nursing Home: Lessons Learned

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lonneke G. J. A. Schuurmans, Inge Noback, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Marie-Jose Enders-Slegers

    AAI studies in the nursing home pose a specific set of challenges. In this article the practical and ethical issues encountered during a Dutch psychogeriatric nursing home AAI study are addressed with the aim of sharing our experiences for future researchers as well as AAI practitioners in...

  19. Brain regions involved in observing and trying to interpret dog behaviour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Desmet, Alko van der Wiel, Marcel Brass

    Humans and dogs have interacted for millennia. As a result, humans (and especially dog owners) sometimes try to interpret dog behaviour. While there is extensive research on the brain regions that are involved in mentalizing about other peoples’ behaviour, surprisingly little is known of...

  20. Dog attachment and perceived social support in overweight/obese and healthy weight children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah E. Linder, Jennifer M. Sacheck, Farzad Noubary, Miriam E. Nelson, Lisa M. Freeman

    The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The...