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  1. Conceptual and methodological issues relating to pain assessment in mammals: The development and utilisation of pain facial expression scales

    Contributor(s):: McLennan, Krista M., Miller, Amy L., Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Stucke, Diana, Corke, Murray J., Broom, Donald M., Leach, Matthew C.

  2. Domestic horses (Equus caballus) prefer to approach humans displaying a submissive body posture rather than a dominant body posture

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy Victoria Smith, Clara Wilson, Karen McComb, Leanne Proops

    Signals of dominance and submissiveness are central to conspecific communication in many species. For domestic animals, sensitivities to these signals in humans may also be beneficial. We presented domestic horses with a free choice between two unfamiliar humans, one adopting a submissive and...

  3. Dog ownership supports the maintenance of physical activity during poor weather in older English adults: cross-sectional results from the EPIC Norfolk cohort

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yu-Tzu Wu, Robert Luben, Andy Jones

    Background Dog ownership has been suggested to encourage physical activity in older adults and may enhance resilience to poor environmental conditions. This study investigates the role of dog ownership and walking as a means of supporting the maintenance of physical activity in older adults...

  4. Characteristics of owned dogs in rabies endemic KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melinda Hergert, Kevin Le Roux, Louis H. Nel

    Background: Canine rabies has been enzootic in the dog population of the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa since the mid-1970s and has been associated with high rates of human exposures and frequent transmissions to other domestic animal species. Several decades of control efforts,...

  5. Cheetahs discriminate familiar and unfamiliar human voices

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maël Leroux, Robyn Shelia Hetem, Martine Hausberger, Alban Lemasson

    Domestic species can make the distinction between several human sub-groups, especially between familiar and unfamiliar persons. The Domestication hypothesis assumes that such advanced cognitive skills were driven by domestication itself. However, such capacities have been shown in wild species...

  6. Prevalence of Disorders Recorded in Dogs Attending Primary-Care Veterinary Practices in England

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dan G. O'Neill, David B. Church, Paul D. McGreevy, Peter C. Thomson, Dave C. Brodbelt

    Purebred dog health is thought to be compromised by an increasing occurence of inherited diseases but inadequate prevalence data on common disorders have hampered efforts to prioritise health reforms. Analysis of primary veterinary practice clinical data has been proposed for reliable...

  7. Context and Individual Characteristics Modulate the Association between Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Social Behavior in Border Collies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsolt Rónai, Dóra Koller, Zsófia Virányi

    Recent studies suggest that the relationship between endogenous oxytocin and social affiliative behavior can be critically moderated by contextual and individual factors in humans. While oxytocin has been shown to influence human-directed affiliative behaviors in dogs, no study investigated yet...

  8. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  9. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  10. The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristopher Poole

    The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...

  11. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman

    Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....

  12. Review of Taming the Wild Horse: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Daoist Horse Taming Pictures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Regina Swanson

    This review of Louis Komjathy’s translation and interpretation of a 13th century set of illustrated poems places the work squarely within the emerging field of animal studies. Though essentially a map for Daoist monastic training, Komjathy notes that the Horse Taming Pictures, as he...

  13. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  14. Face scanning in autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: human versus dog face scanning

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mauro Muszkat, Claudia Berlim de Mello, Patricia de Oliveira Lima Muñoz, Tania Khiel Lucci, Vinicius Frayze David, José de Oliveira Siqueira, Emma Otta

    This study used eye tracking to explore attention allocation to human and dog faces in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD). Significant differences were found among the three groups. TD...

  15. Efficacy of Manual Ventilation Techniques During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Hopper, Marlis L. Rezende, Angela Borchers, Steven E. Epstein

    The efficacy of ventilation of dogs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a tight fitting face mask or mouth-to-nose rescue breathing has not been evaluated. Twentyfour purpose bred research dogs: Dogs were randomized to be ventilated by cuffed orotracheal tube, tight fitting face...

  16. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...

  17. Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney

    While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...

  18. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  19. Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney

    While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...

  20. Establishing a framework to understand the regulation and control of dogs in urban environments: a case study of Melbourne, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon Bruce Carter

    Background This study examines the effectiveness of animal management from a critical theory perspective, establishing a framework to describe the animal management activities of local government. In creating sustainable cities, local government must critically engage with the management of...