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  1. Positive emotions and quality of life in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti

    Positive affect is fundamental to ensuring good animal welfare. Discrete and dimensional theories of emotion have recently been used to explore the relation between cognition and affect and to develop cognitive measures of positive affect. Human quality-of-life assessment focuses on positive...

  2. Breed Group Effects on Complaints about Canine Welfare Made to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Cruelty- and neglect-related canine welfare concerns are important welfare and social issues. Dog breed has been identified as a risk factor for bad welfare, and yet its role in different types of canine welfare concerns has not been fully investigated. We conducted a retrospective study of...

  3. Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera

    The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions.  Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with...

  4. Effects of a Nutritional Supplement on Cognitive Function in Aged Dogs and on Synaptic Function of Primary Cultured Neurons

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Elena Pero, Laura Cortese, Vincenzo Mastellone, Raffaella Tudisco, Nadia Musco, Anna Scandurra, Biagio D’Aniello, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Francesca Bartolini, Pietro Lombardi

    The objective of this research was to investigate the efficacy of DìSeniorTM, a nutraceutical formulated to improve cognitive functions in elderly dogs. To this purpose, some clinical and metabolic investigations and a spatial navigation test were performed in treated and untreated dogs....

  5. A Long-Term Lens: Cumulative Impacts of Free-Roaming Cat Management Strategy and Intensity on Preventable Cat Mortalities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John D. Boone, Philip S. Miller, Joyce R. Briggs, Valerie A. W. Benka, Dennis F. Lawler, Margaret Slater, Julie K. Levy, Stephen Zawistowski

    This study used a previously developed stochastic simulation model (1) to estimate the impact of different management actions on free-roaming kitten and cat mortality over a 10-year period. These longer-term cumulative impacts have not been systematically examined to date. We examined seven...

  6. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  7. Studying dog emotion beyond expression and without concern for feeling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter F. Cook

    Studies of dog emotion have focused on the expression of social emotion, either because this is taken to suggest human-like feeling states in dogs or because it has been the most accessible signal of dog emotional processing. I argue for an approach grounded in affective neuroscience, relying...

  8. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  9. Identification of Microchip Implantation Events for Dogs and Cats in the VetCompass Australia Database

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Sophie Masters, Leonie Richards, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Anne Peaston, Martin Combs, Peter J. Irwin, Janice Lloyd, Catriona Croton, ClaireWylie, BethanyWilson

    In Australia, compulsory microchipping legislation requires that animals are microchipped before sale or prior to 3 months in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, and by 6 months in Western Australia and Tasmania. Describing the implementation of...

  10. Environmental Factors Associated with Success Rates of Australian Stock Herding Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth R. Arnott, Jonathan B. Early, Claire M. Wade, Paul D. McGreevy

    This study investigated the current management practices associated with stock herding dogs on Australian farms. A parallel goal was to determine whether these practices and the characteristics of the dog handlers were associated with success rates. Success rate refers to the proportion of dogs...

  11. Evaluation of Community-Based Dog Welfare and Rabies Project in Sanur, a Sub-district of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ni Wayan Arya Utami, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kathryn Nattrass Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Pande Putu Januraga, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I. Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, I. Made Indrayadnya Swarayana, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, Elly Hiby

    The Indonesian island province of Bali experienced its first rabies incursion in 2008. Mass vaccination of the dog population has proven effective and rabies cases in dogs and people have decreased, however the virus is still circulating among the dog population. Vaccination coverage must be...

  12. The Use of Chemotherapy to Prolong the Life of Dogs Suffering from Cancer: The Ethical Dilemma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tanya Stephens

    Despite the emergence some years ago of oncology as a veterinary specialty, there has been very little in the way of ethical debate on the use of chemotherapy in dogs. The purpose of this article is to undertake an ethical analysis to critically examine the use of chemotherapy to prolong the...

  13. The Perceived Value of Behavioural Traits in Australian Livestock Herding Dogs Varies with the Operational Context

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jonathan Early, Elizabeth Arnott, Bethany Wilson, Claire Wade, Paul McGreevy

    This study investigated the value that handlers and breeders assign to various behavioural traits in Australian livestock herding dogs. Data were obtained from 811 handlers and breeders through the ‘Australian Farm Dog Survey’. Respondents were asked to consider dogs within four...

  14. Descriptive Texts in Dog Profiles Associated with Length of Stay Via an Online Rescue Network

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mizuho Nakamura, Navneet K. Dhand, Melissa J. Starling, Paul D. McGreevy

    To increase the public’s awareness of animals needing homes, PetRescue, Australia’s largest online directory of animals in need of adoption, lists animals available from rescue and welfare shelters nationwide. The current study examined the descriptions accompanying online PetRescue...

  15. Catching a glimpse of the bacterial gut community of companion animals: a canine and feline perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Alessandri, Chiara Argentini, Christian Milani, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura

    Dogs and cats have gained a special position in human society by becoming our principal companion animals. In this context, efforts to ensure their health and welfare have increased exponentially, with in recent times a growing interest in assessing the impact of the gut microbiota on canine...

  16. Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....

  17. 'Tracking Together'—Simultaneous Use of Human and Dog Activity Trackers: Protocol for a Factorial, Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wasantha Jayawardene, Lesa Huber, Jimmy McDonnell, Laurel Curran, Sarah Larson, Stephanie Dickinson, Xiwei Chen, Erika Pena, Aletha Carson, Jeanne Johnston

    Dog-walkers are more likely to achieve moderate-intensity physical activity. Linking the use of activity trackers with dog-walking may be beneficial both in terms of improving the targeted behavior and increasing the likelihood of sustained use. This manuscript aims to describe the protocol of...

  18. Development and evaluation of the Fe-BARQ: A new survey instrument for measuring behavior in domestic cats (Felis s. catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Duffy, Roseana T. Diniz de Moura, James A. Serpell

    A questionnaire instrument for obtaining quantitative behavioral evaluations of pet cats from cat owners was developed and validated. Exploratory Factor Analysis of 2608 questionnaire responses to 149 behavioral questions/items extracted a total of 23 distinct factors that measured most of the...

  19. Sizing up physical activity: The relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' motivations, and dog walking

    | Contributor(s):: Clarise Lim, Ryan E. Rhodes

    ObjectiveRegular dog walking is likely a symbiotic relationship between the needs of the dog and its owner. This relationship has seen limited attention. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between dog characteristics, dog owners' perceptions of responsibility and...

  20. Pet dogs and child physical activity: the role of child–dog attachment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne M. Gadomski, Melissa B. Scribani, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins

    Background Dog ownership has been associated with increased physical activity in children which in turn may mitigate childhood obesity. Objective To measure the association between child-dog attachment and child physical activity and screen time. Methods Cross-sectional study including...