Does Long-term Equine Assisted Learning have an Effect on Childhood Weight Management?
| Contributor(s):: HE Battisti, FL Battisti, R McAbee
Coping Styles in the Domestic Cat (Felis silvestris catus) and Implications for Cat Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Judith Stella, Candace Croney
Identifying coping styles in cats may lead to improved health and welfare. The aims of this study were to (1) identify individual differences in response to acute confinement, and (2) to assess the predictability of guardian-rated personality traits on behavior. Adult cats (n = 55) were...
Food Preferences in Cats: Effect of Dietary Composition and Intrinsic Variables on Diet Selection
| Contributor(s):: Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Sergio A. Guzmán-Pino, Juan I. Egaña, Valeria Sotomayor, Jaime Figueroa
A ten-year database of food preference tests (n = 1021; period 2007−2017) was used to explore the feeding behavior of domestic cats. Principal component (PC) analysis and linear regression between food nutrients and preferences (for the most preferred diet of each test; Diet A) were...
Dog ownership, the natural outdoor environment and health: a cross-sectional study
| Contributor(s):: Wilma L Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena van den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Effects of Proximity between Companion Dogs and Their Caregivers on Heart Rate Variability Measures in Older Adults: A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Heidi K. Ortmeyer, Leslie I. Katzel
Physical, social, and psychological characteristics of community-dwelling elderly Japanese dog and cat owners
| Contributor(s):: Yu Taniguchi, Satoshi Seino, Mariko Nishi, Yui Tomine, Izumi Tanaka, Yuri Yokoyama, Hidenori Amano, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai
Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults
| Contributor(s):: Christopher Sharpley, Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez, Vicki Bitsika, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Vania Noventa, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik, Igor Grabovac, Sarah E. Jackson
Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects...
Differences in Self-Esteem Between Cat Owners, Dog Owners, and Individuals Without Pets
| Contributor(s):: Claudia Schulz, Hans-Helmut König, André Hajek
Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update
| Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.
Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...
Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.
This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...
A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test
| Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.
The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...
Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.
Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...
The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues
| Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.
The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...
The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts
| Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.
Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...
"Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom
| Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.
Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog-owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors that...
The experience of teleworking with dogs and cats in the United States during COVID-19
| Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L.
In Spring of 2020, the novel coronavirus (SAR-CoV-2) prompted an unprecedented number of individuals across the United States to begin working from home. Prior research has identified both positive and negative impacts of teleworking on employee well-being, and this study built on that research...
Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets
| Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.
The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
| Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da