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Resources (1-20 of 9690)

  1. A community-based social networking intervention to increase walking in dog owners

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Deirdra Murphy, Cynthia Ferrara, Jessica Oleski, Emily Panza, Laura Bowen, Brianne Bozella, Kimberly Gada, Clara Savage, Stephanie C. Lemon, Kristin L. Schneider

    Roughly 40% of U.S. households own a dog and while dog ownership is associated with greater engagement in physical activity, up to 60% of dog owners do not achieve the recommended 150 minutes of weekly physical activity. The present study aims to develop and test a dog walking intervention...

  2. A Participant Observation Study of the Campus Canines Program at the University of Pittsburgh

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Nicole Camaioni

    The Campus Canines Program (CCP) provides the University of Pittsburgh’s community with the opportunity to interact with registered Canine Good Citizen dogs. My objective was to observe and describe the interaction between the dogs and the human participants/volunteers in the CCP at the...

  3. Animal assisted adapted physical activity for children with Cerebral Palsy

    Contributor(s):: Nicole Johnson, Amanda Tepfer, Wendy Baltzer, Megan MacDonald

    Cerebral Palsy is a muscle movement disorder caused by an insult to the immature developing brain before birth. Children with Cerebral Palsy generally have impaired movement, exaggerated joints, floppiness or rigidity of limbs and torso, abnormal posture, involuntary movement, and unsteady...

  4. Animal-Assisted Therapy in Long-Term Care: A Review of the Literature

    Contributor(s):: Jennifer Goodnow, Shannon Tarbox, Erin Zamore, Victoria Zimmerman

    Patients residing in long-term care facilities face many changes and challenges. Many seniors have grown up with pets as part of their daily lives, and animals have provided them with companionship as they age. The purpose of this literature review is to assess the state of the science related to...

  5. Are Companion Animals the Secret to Good Health?

    Contributor(s):: Bradley Smith, Petra Bywood

    People keep pets for companionship, recreation and protection rather than for the specific purpose of enhancing health. However, a considerable body of literature supports the idea that companion animals can improve overall quality of life, including physical, social and psychological health, yet...

  6. Canine-Assisted Therapy (CAT): A nurse-initiated program to reduce patients' perception of pain and anxiety at a critical access hospital

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Victoria McCue, Molly Vlach, Sherry Stathers, Clair Hefner, Theresa Worden, Julie Erickson

    Background/Purpose: The use of animals to promote or improve human health and wellbeing has a long history. However, it is yet to be recognized and accepted as either a complementary therapy or integrated into mainstream healthcare. Even though studies have reported the benefits of...

  7. Could the inclusion of dogs and horses in a psychodynamic psychotherapy provide for a more optimal treatment for patients with personality disorders?

    | Contributor(s):: Geza Kovacs

  8. Does experience with animals improve toddlers' understanding of others' sound perception?

    | Contributor(s):: Rachelle Stover

    Introduction: Much research has examined what children understand about others’ visual perception. For instance, 2-year-olds can determine when an object is hidden from another’s viewpoint (Flavell, 1992). Less is known about children’s understanding of other’s auditory...

  9. Dogs: A Prescription for Health Issues?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Denise Magallon

    The human-­‐animal bond has been seen throughout many generations. Pet owners, especially those who own dogs, are known to live a different lifestyle than non-­‐pet owners. However, the individuals who can receive the most benefits from dogs are those with certain psychological and...

  10. Fake Service Dogs: Leading by Example

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joshua Ferguson

    This qualitative research examines public awareness pertaining to the protocols surrounding service dogs and their handlers, known collectively as the service team. The use of service dogs has been on the increase as more people discover the benefits provided by service dogs. The increase in...

  11. Genetic Canine Agression

    | Contributor(s):: Isabella O\'Toole

    Canine aggression can pose a serious concern for public and animal welfare. Most of what we know about aggression comes from bite statistics, expert opinions and breed-specific aggressiveness. These sources can often be misleading due to biases toward large or powerful breeds. In this review, I...

  12. Great Apes: A Study of Human and Non-Human Primate Interactions in a Zoological Environment

    | Contributor(s):: Haley V. Sheehy

  13. Inventory of Small and Large Mammal Diversity in a Fragmented Landscape: A Baseline for Investigating Ecological Impacts of Human Disturbance

    | Contributor(s):: Joseph Wantuch

    Systematic study of biological diversity is a prerequisite for understanding the ecological effects of climate instability and human disturbance. Our study is part of the Rugar Woods All Taxa Biological Inventory (ATBI) project, which seeks to document the biodiversity of Rugar Woods....

  14. Offender outcomes of training dogs in prison : the Puppies for Parole program

    | Contributor(s):: Dorothea V. Megarani, Rebecca A. Johnson, George Lombardi, Steven Osterlind, Hayley D. Yaglom, Nicole L. Haarman, Elliot Cade

    "Puppies for Parole" is a rehabilitation program based on human-animal interaction (HAI) in the prison. Puppies for Parole aims to reduce the number of homeless canines by producing loving, obedient, and adoptable dogs. Inmates may gain skills to support successful rehabilitation and...

  15. PAWS-abilities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor Davis, Madelyn Day, Kendall DuLaney, Jordanne Howard, Cierra Monroe, Jordan Tapp

    PAWS-abilities is our non-profit business idea. Our goal for PAWS-abilities is to provide a safe environment for local stray dogs and rehabilitate them to become service or therapy dogs in the future. The trainers will be local inmates who have passed a strict screening process to ensure the...

  16. Shelter Dog Behavior Improvement: Dog Walking as Enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca A Johnson, Charlotte McKenney, Sandra McCune

    Background: Several million dogs are euthanized in animal shelters annually after multiple relinquishment reasons (Scarlett, 2002; Salman, 1998; New, 2000 & Kass, 2001). Gains in pet adoptions are happening via shelter enrichment programs. We hypothesized that shelter dogs participating in a...

  17. Stray Dogs Cause Health Risks in Thailand

    | Contributor(s):: Kadie Brigham

  18. Stress Reduction After Visiting Cats in a Cat Café

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole L. Beasley

    Research has attempted to induce stress and has been unsuccessful at demonstrating the efficacy of stress reduction. This may indicate that animal interaction is more beneficial when reducing longer-term stress rather than short-term stress, like what has been studied in the past. Additionally,...

  19. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  20. The effect of the presence and familiarity of a dog on people's performance of a stressful task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lyn Brown

    The purpose of the current study was to test whether the familiarity of a dog affects a person’s stress and task performance on a stressful task. Pets can improve people’s health mentally, physically, and socially. Dogs can lower people’s stress. This stress-reduction effect...