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  1. Contagious Yawning in the Domestic Cat (Felis catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariel M. Lombardo Aghishian

    This study investigates contagious yawning in domestic cats towards their owners, looking at potential links with empathy. Results showed no significant difference in yawning between conditions. The solitary nature of wildcats and their shared ancestor, and the unique social behavior in...

  2. The Use of Trazodone Hydrochloride to Reduce Stress in Dogs During the Transition Period into a Municipal Animal Shelter: Impact on Incidence of Illness, Length of Stay, and Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Abrams

    A large municipal animal shelter in NYC gave dogs low doses of trazodone hydrochloride at the time of intake to evaluate its efficacy in reducing transitional stress. Statistically significant decreases in illness rate and length of stay and increase in adoption rate were observed in the dogs...

  3. Canines for Disabled Kids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Jerrett, Margarita Mnatsakanyan, Colleen Reynolds, Yin Wang

    Canines for Disabled Kids have been working on behalf of children and their families to educate communities and promote service dog partnerships for almost twenty years. Their advocacy with local legislatures, business owners, and community leaders highlighted the difficulties encountered when...

  4. The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff

    Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...

  5. Re-Evaluating Captive Chimpanzee "Dominance": Dominance Hierarchy and Chimpanzee-Caregiver Relationships at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jake Alan Funkhouser

    This thesis is composed of two journal-ready articles and an accompanying appendix with additional data and interpretation. Overall, this thesis describes and statistically analyzes dominance relationships in two nonhuman primate groups with novel methods, possible correlations between...

  6. Response of Three Species of Monkeys to Caregiver Use of Species-Typical Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lillian Anna Stolar

    Caregivers are a primary part of captive monkey environments. When addressing psychological well-being of captive nonhuman primates, social environment should be considered. Chimpanzees, gorillas, New World monkeys, and Old World monkeys responded positively to interactions with caregivers....

  7. Ethnoprimatology of Urban Cebus Yuracus: An evaluation of Human-non-human interactions and local perceptions in Misahualli, Ecuador

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sofia Castro-Loza

    Little is known about the group of white-fronted capuchins (Cebus yuracus) coexisting alongside humans in the town of Misahuallí, Tena, Ecuador. This ethnoprimatological study focuses on the human-nonhuman interactions and the perceptions of the local people about the capuchin group....

  8. Stabilitet i atferd og emosjoner hos hund fra 3 måneder og frem til 15 måneders alder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte S. Mikkelsen, Anne Marit Rød, Katrine H. Støkken

    Del 1: Hunden blir ofte sett på som menneskets beste venn. For å få en bedre forståelse av hundens atferd, har vi sett nærmere på: hundens domestisering, hva atferd er, samt atferdsutvikling og atferdsproblemer. Domestiseringen er en viktig del av hundens...

  9. Ponies Proliferate Positive Affect: The Effectiveness of Equine Therapy on Positive Affect in Adolescents with Serious Emotional Disturbances

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Roberts, Nikki Honzel

    Adolescents with serious emotional disturbances (SED) are a particularly difficult population to treat due to high comorbidity rates of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and behavioral conduct disorders. The current study compared the effectiveness of equine-facilitated psychotherapy...

  10. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  11. Equine assisted learning with special populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hanna Baus

    This paper explores the use of equine-assisted learning (EAL) activities with special populations and includes a program evaluation for two equine-assisted learning programs developed and conducted by HeartStrides, a non-profit organization in the Pacific Northwest. The study included two...

  12. Equine Facilitated Mental Health Services and Social Adjustment in Adolescents on Probation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Idzerda

    Little quantitative research has been done to verify claims that the use of horses in Equine Facilitated Mental Health and Education Services has an impact on the clients’ emotional and mental wellbeing. This study was created to determine if participation in six months of weekly...

  13. Alternative Therapies for People with Special Needs: An Emphasis on Animal-Assisted Therapies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Hamilton

    This paper contains research examining the effectiveness of alternative therapies - play therapy, art therapy, music therapy, horticulture therapy, and animal-assisted therapies – in helping various special needs populations. The focus of this research was on animal-assisted therapies...

  14. Dogs and blood pressure in non-dog owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Natasha Adamson

    Several studies have shown that the presence of a dog can reduce blood pressure during a stressful situation. A study done in 2001 demonstrated that for blood pressure to be reduced during a stressor the subjects must be dog owners. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if four, one...

  15. Equine Therapy From A Dance/Movement Therapy Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecilia Clasen

    Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) is a form of therapy that utilizes a team approach of a psychotherapist, an equine specialist and a horse or horses, all working together to aid individuals in experiencing personal emotional healing and growth. It can be particularly effective when there...

  16. HOPE is a 4-Legged Word: How Service Dogs Can Help Veterans Suffering from Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly Katherine Robinson

    As the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to increase among our veterans returning from the War on Terror, the need for alternative treatment options is becoming more critical. One such alternative is the use of psychiatric service dogs specially trained to assist those...

  17. Dog Therapy Day at NWCCC

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Lang

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) provides great beneficial opportunities for individuals within the prison population. Many research studies display the effectiveness of AAT programs in prison settings through their results. The results showed improved moods, decreased stress levels, and increased...

  18. The Impact of Animals with Struggling Readers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Heyer

    The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the impact that dogs have with students that struggle with reading. Several programs have been implemented where students spend time reading books to dogs. During these reading sessions, students tend to be more relaxed and confident with their...

  19. The Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Nursing Student Anxiety

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Della Anderson

    College students have high levels of stress, anxiety, and loneliness (Stewart , Dispenza, Parker, Chang, & Cunnien, 2014). College campus counselors strive to combat this stress and meet student needs through creative solutions (Stewart et al., 2014). Nursing student stress has a major...

  20. Fast Horses: The Racehorse in Health, Disease and Afterlife, 1800 - 1920

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esther Harper

    Sports historians have identified the 19th century as a period of significant change in the sport of horseracing, during which it evolved from a sporting pastime of the landed gentry into an industry, and came under increased regulatory control from the Jockey Club. Although racehorses were the...