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  1. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessa K. Engelberg, Jordan A. Carlson, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, Brian E. Saelens

    PURPOSE: To assess the association of dog walking with adolescents' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI), and identify correlates of dog walking. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants were 12-17year-olds (n=925) from the Baltimore, MD and Seattle, WA regions....

  2. A Preliminary Description of Companion Cat, Managed Stray Cat, and Unmanaged Stray Cat Welfare in Auckland, New Zealand Using a 5-Component Assessment Scale

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Zito, Jessica Walker, M. Carolyn Gates, Arnja Dale

    Free-roaming cats are a polarizing issue in New Zealand and there is strong need for a comprehensive evaluation of their welfare to better inform population management decisions. In this study, a 5-component visual health-related welfare assessment scale was developed and piloted on a...

  3. The Changing Legal Status of Cats in Australia: From Friend of the Settlers, to Enemy of the Rabbit, and Now a Threat to Biodiversity and Biosecurity Risk

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Riley

    In NSW, free-roaming cats are regarded as one the biggest threats to biodiversity. Yet, at one stage they were classified as “the enemy of the rabbit” and were protected and released in their thousands. The purpose of this article is to examine the changing status of cats in...

  4. The experiences of adolescents in residential care participating in equine assisted learning

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Louise Fischer

    High-risk behaviour among adolescents places heavy burdens on the public health, social welfare and criminal justice systems of many countries. Today, Equine-Assisted Learning (EAL) is increasingly used as an adjunct and experiential intervention programme to support the learning and personal...

  5. Dog Movie Stars and Dog Breed Popularity: A Case Study in Media Influence on Choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano Ghirlanda, Alberto Acerbi, Harold Herzog

    Fashions and fads are important phenomena that influence many individual choices. They are ubiquitous in human societies, and have recently been used as a source of data to test models of cultural dynamics. Although a few statistical regularities have been observed in fashion cycles, their...

  6. Evaluation of Unowned Domestic Cat Management in the Urban Environment of Rome After 30 Years of Implementation of the No-Kill Policy (National and Regional Laws)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eugenia Natoli, Livia Malandrucco, Laura Minati, Stefania Verzichi, Raffaella Perino, Laura Longo, Francesca Pontecorvo, Anna Faini

    Law no. 281, enacted by the Italian Parliament in 1991, was the first that aimed at managing urban free-roaming cats living in colonies, without killing and/or moving them from their site. It had been anticipated by the Lazio Regional Law no. 63/1988 and subsequently refined by the Lazio...

  7. Public Opinions on Strategies for Managing Stray Cats and Predictors of Opposition to Trap-Neuter and Return in Brisbane, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquie Rand, Gina Fisher, Kate Lamb, Andrea Hayward

    A survey of Brisbane residents was undertaken to investigate community attitudes toward urban stray cats and their management. Surveys were distributed to 84 medical and dental practices across Brisbane City, and were completed by 305 patients and staff. Practices were targeted to achieve a...

  8. Food Preferences in Dogs: Effect of Dietary Composition and Intrinsic Variables on Diet Selection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Sergio A. Guzmán-Pino, Juan Ignacio Egaña, Carem Muñoz, Jaime Figueroa

    A ten-year food preference database (2007–2017) was used to relate food selection in dogs to the nutritional components of diets by doing a principal component analysis (PCA) and a linear regression between components obtained and dogs’ preferences. Intake and preference of...

  9. Papillomavirus DNA is not Amplifiable from Bladder, Lung, or Mammary Gland Cancers in Dogs or Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John S. Munday, Chloe B. MacLachlan, Matthew R. Perrott, Danielle Aberdein

    Papillomaviruses (PVs) cause around 5% of all human cancers, including most cervical cancers and around a quarter of all oral cancers. Additionally, some studies have suggested that PVs could cause a proportion of human lung, breast, and bladder cancers. As PVs have been associated with skin...

  10. Behavioral Interventions as an Adjunctive Treatment for Canine Epilepsy: A Missing Part of the Epilepsy Management Toolkit?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowena M. A. Packer, Sarah L. Hobbs, Emily J. Blackwell

    Epilepsy is a common, complex and often challenging neurological disorder to treat in the dog, with 20–30% of dogs resistant to conventional medical therapies, and associated with cognitive and behavioral comorbidities and early death. Behavioral interventions are an emerging area of...

  11. Redefining Shelter: Fostering Human/Canine Relationships Through a New Typology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina Nagel

    This thesis explores how design settings foster rehabilitation in humans and canines through mutual interaction. A synergy must be created between the 3.3 million dogs put into shelters in the U.S. every year (ASPCA) and the 11-20% of children in the U.S. who have a mental disorder (CDC). An...

  12. Decrease in Population and Increase in Welfare of Community Cats in a Twenty-Three Year Trap-Neuter-Return Program in Key Largo, FL: The ORCAT Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachael E. Kreisler, Heather N. Cornell, Julie K. Levy

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a long-term (23-year) trapneuter-return program on the population size of community cats in the Ocean Reef Community and to describe the demographic composition and outcome of enrolled cats. A retrospective study was performed using both...

  13. The Road to TNR: Examining Trap-Neuter-Return Through the Lens of Our Evolving Ethics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Joseph Wolf, Joan E. Schaffner

    In the 2008 article “A Review of Feral Cat Control,” Robertson explored the trend developing in the management of so-called “feral” cats away from lethal methods toward the non-lethal method of trap-neuter-return (TNR). The review explored various issues raised by the...

  14. Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bárbara Gómez-Poveda, Miguel A. Moreno

    Objective: To characterize antimicrobial prescription patterns for dogs in veterinary practices in Spain using the city of Madrid as a model. Design: Retrospective survey. Settings: Dogs attending veterinary practices in the city of Madrid in 2017 were...

  15. Adolescents' Affective and Physiological Regulation Shape Negative Behavior During Challenging Equine Assisted Learning Activities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Alexa M. Carr, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    This study examined associations between adolescents’ (N = 59; M age = 11.63) diurnal and momentary activity of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis as marked by salivary cortisol, and affective and behavioral responses to their first, mounted equine assisted learning (EAL)...

  16. Angeles en Cuatro Patas (Angels on Four Legs)

    We are a rehabilitation center and nonprofit dedicated to children and adolescents with special physical and mental needs.Angels on four legs began its activity over twenty-three years ago as an idea of ​​social work aimed at children with mild and chronic disabilities. This institution...

  17. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  18. Environmental Impacts of One Puppy Mill Among Many: A Case History

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John A. Gill

    In recent decades, the animal welfare aspects of irresponsibly-managed commercial dog-breeding businesses have attracted national attention, prompting legislative and regulatory actions. However, the environmental impacts of such businesses, also known as puppy mills, have received far less...

  19. Radiographic Identification of Osseous Cyst- Like Lesions in the Distal Phalanx in 22 Lame Thoroughbred Horses Managed Conservatively and Their Racing Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vanessa G. Peter, Thomas A. O'Keeffe, Lewis C. R. Smith, Daniela Schweizer-Gorgas

    Reasons for performing study: To investigate the racing performance of Thoroughbred horses with osseous cyst-like lesions (OCLLs) in the distal phalanx causing lameness and treated conservatively. Objectives: To assess horses’ ability to race and perform after radiographic identification...

  20. Horses Healing the Wounded Warrior: A Qualitative Inquiry of Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy in Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for Female Veterans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca R. Wara-Goss

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a major concern for military veterans in the United States and current research on women’s experiences in the military and the effects of their post-military PTSD are limited. Currently, there are a variety of evidence-based and alternative...