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  1. Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk

    Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...

  2. Canines for Disabled Kids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Jerrett, Margarita Mnatsakanyan, Colleen Reynolds, Yin Wang

    Canines for Disabled Kids have been working on behalf of children and their families to educate communities and promote service dog partnerships for almost twenty years. Their advocacy with local legislatures, business owners, and community leaders highlighted the difficulties encountered when...

  3. Not So Different as Cats and Dogs: Companionship during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelly Volsche, Elizabeth Johnson

    COVID- 19 lockdown provided a unique, in situ opportunity to probe caretaker experiences of living with companion animals during a stressful event. We launched an online survey in the United States that included standard demographic questions, questions related to household structures, and 25...

  4. Canid vs. Canid: Insights into Coyote-Dog Encounters from Social Media

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin E. Boydston, Eric S. Abelson, Ari Kazanjian, Daniel T. Blumstein

    While the relationship between coyotes (Canis latrans) and house cats (Felis catus) may be characterized as one between predators and their prey, coyote interactions with domestic dogs (C. lupus familiaris) appear to be more varied and may include behaviors associated with canid sociality....

  5. Equine-facilitated physiotherapy – devised encounters with daring and compassion

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tobba Therkildsen Sudmann

    Physiotherapy with horses and rider-patients builds on communication and interaction through groundwork and mounted work. This chapter discusses outdoor equine-facilitated physiotherapy on green care farms with three patients representing ideal types from the author’s clinical practice....

  6. Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby

    A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...

  7. Dogs aren't jealous – they are just asking for accurate information

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen L. Overall

    Awake fMRI offers us a unique opportunity to view and understand how dogs see the world and use the information in it. Given the limitations of behavioral assays and the small sample sizes inherent in these studies, labeling of patterns of canine behaviors using pop psychology terms may...

  8. Practice of Noseband Use and Intentions towards Behavioural Change in Dutch Equestrians

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: E. Kathalijne Visser, Monique M. F. Kuypers, Jennifer S. M. Stam, Bernd Riedstra

    Understanding equestrians’ noseband tightening practices and intentions is necessary to target welfare improvement strategies. Firstly, we measured tightness in dressage and show jumping horses in The Netherlands, shortly after implementation of the two-finger rule by the Royal Dutch...

  9. Optimisation of Scores Generated by an Online Feline Health–Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Instrument to Assist the Veterinary User Interpret Its Results

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vinny Davies, Jacqueline Reid, E. Marian Scott

    Using methodology previously described for the dog health-related quality of life (HRQL) tool (VetMetricaTM), the aim was to optimize the scores profile of a comparable feline online HRQL instrument for monitoring HRQL in cats, to assist in its interpretation. Measuring HRQL helps quantify the...

  10. A Review of Medical Conditions and Behavioral Problems in Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tomàs Camps, Marta Amat, Xavier Manteca

    Not all animals behave identically when faced with the same situation. These individual differences in the expression of their behavior could be due to many factors, including medical conditions. These medical problems can change behavior directly or indirectly. The aims of this review are to...

  11. Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.

    Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...

  12. Correlation between gender, age and reproductive status with canine behavior assessed by the C-BARQ toolCorrelacao entre sexo, idade e estado reprodutivo com o comportamento canino avaliado pela ferramenta C-BARQ

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neder, J. F. de S., Soares, G. M.

    This study investigated Brazilian's dogs behavior through the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and establish if these behaviors have a significant relationship with the age, sex and neutering status of the animal. The questionnaire was answered by owners...

  13. A cross-sectional study of knowledge on ownership, zoonoses and practices among pet owners in northern Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vale, B. do, Lopes, A. P., Fontes, M. da C., Silvestre, M., Cardoso, L., Coelho, A. C.

    Pet ownership is common in modern society. In Portugal, 38% and 31% of all households own at least one dog or cat, respectively. Few studies have ascertained the knowledge of pet owners on pet ownership and zoonoses, and none have been carried out in Portugal. The aim of the present study was...

  14. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  15. Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.

    To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...

  16. Relinquishing owners underestimate their dog's behavioral problems: deception or lack of knowledge?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Duffy, D. L., Kruger, K. A., Watson, B., Serpell, J. A.

    Undesirable behavior is a leading cause of canine relinquishment. Relinquishing owners could provide valuable information about their dog's behavior, although the reliability of their reports has been questioned by the sheltering community. This study aimed to investigate (a) whether...

  17. Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.

    The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...

  18. Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...

  19. Coping with human-cat interactions beyond the limits of domesticity: moral pluralism in the management of cats and wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wandesforde-Smith, G., Levy, J. K., Lynn, W., Rand, J., Riley, S., Schaffner, J. E., Wolf, P. J.

    Although human interactions with cats are often even typically analyzed in the context of domesticity, with a focus on what sorts of interactions might make both people and cats "happy at home," a large number of cats in the world live, for one reason or another, beyond the bounds of...

  20. The urinary hormonal state of cats associated with social interaction with humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, T., Ohta, M., Uchiyama, H.

    Research to assess the relationship between cats and humans is in a nascent stage. Some studies have assessed the stress status in cats using physiological indicators, such as the cortisol hormone, but have not focused on the social interaction with humans. Moreover, the role of oxytocin...