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  1. Methodological Considerations in Canine Olfactory Detection Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lucia Lazarowski, Sarah Krichbaum, Lauryn E. DeGreeff, Alison Simon, Melissa Singletary, Craig Angle, L. Paul Waggoner

    Dogs are increasingly used in a wide range of detection tasks including explosives, narcotics, medical, and wildlife detection. Research on detection dog performance is important to understand olfactory capabilities, behavioral characteristics, improve training, expand deployment practices, and...

  2. Generation of Domains for the Equine Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Outcome Score: Development by Expert Consensus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gillian Tabor, Kathryn Nankervis, John Fernandes, Jane Williams

    Outcome measures (OMs) are a requirement of professional practice standards in human and canine physiotherapy practice for measurement of health status. Measures such as pain and functional capacity of specific regions are used to track treatment impact and can be used to develop optimal...

  3. How horses heal, transform, and empower| Mindy Tatz Chernoff | TEDxWilmington

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mindy Tatz Chernoff

    Mindy Tatz Chernoff is the founder of The Resonant Horse, an innovative approach to healing using horses as teachers and catalysts for change and transformation. Mindy recognizes how horses can aid in facilitating a sense of presence, authenticity and congruence in people. Within the safe...

  4. Difficulties experienced by veterinarians when communicating about emerging zoonotic risks with animal owners: the case of Hendra virus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare

    Background Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated...

  5. Elevated Sensitivity to Tactile Stimuli in Stereotypic Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina Briefer Freymond, Déborah Bardou, Sandrine Beuret, Iris Bachmann, Klaus Zuberbühler, Elodie F. Briefer

    Although stereotypic behaviors are a common problem in captive animals, why certain individuals are more prone to develop them remains elusive. In horses, individuals show considerable differences in how they perceive and react to external events, suggesting that this may partially account for...

  6. Pre- and Post-Race Intestinal Microbiota in Long-Distance Sled Dogs and Associations with Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristoffer Relling Tysnes, Inga Leena Angell, Iselin Fjellanger, Sigrid Drageset Larsen, Silje Rebekka Søfteland, Lucy J. Robertson, Ellen Skancke, Knut Rudi

    Although our understanding of the role of the gut microbiota in different diseases is improving, our knowledge regarding how the gut microbiota affects functioning in healthy individuals is still limited. Here, we hypothesize that the gut microbiota could be associated with sled dog...

  7. Greyhounds and Racing Industry Participants: A Look at the New South Wales Greyhound Racing Community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Justine Groizard

    Subsequent to the exposure of live baiting and animal cruelty within the NSW greyhound racing industry in 2015, a public debate emerged about animal welfare, oppression and exploitation. It resulted in a community outcry, an inquiry into live baiting and animal welfare within the industry and a...

  8. In-Person Caretaker Visits Disrupt Ongoing Discomfort Behavior in Hospitalized Equine Orthopedic Surgical Patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Torcivia, Sue McDonnell

    Horses have evolved to show little indication of discomfort or disability when in the presence of potential predators, including humans. This natural characteristic complicates the recognition of pain in equine patients. It has been our clinical impression that, whenever a person is present,...

  9. The Management of Cow Shelters (Gaushalas) in India, Including the Attitudes of Shelter Managers to Cow Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Catherine Schuetze, Clive J.C. Phillips

    Gaushala management is a specialized profession requiring particular skills relating to the management of cow shelters or gaushalas, which are traditional and ancient Indian institutions that shelter old, unproductive and abandoned cows, The 1800 registered cow shelters in India have managers...

  10. SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Dogs and Cats: Facts and Speculations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicola Decaro, Andrea Balboni, Luigi Bertolotti, Piera Anna Martino, Maurizio Mazzei, Francesco Mira, Ugo Pagnini

    The recent pandemic caused by the novel human coronavirus (CoV), currently referred to as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is responsible for COronaVIrus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), is leading to alarmism among pet owners as a consequence of few case...

  11. Evaluation of several pre-clinical tools for identifying characteristics associated with limb bone fracture in thoroughbred racehorses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony Nicholas Corsten

    Catastrophic skeletal fractures in racehorses are devastating not only to the animals, owners and trainers, but also to the perception of the sport in the public eye. The majority of these fatal accidents are unlikely to be due to chance, but are rather an end result failure from stress...

  12. Vårdhundens påverkan på personen, aktiviteten och omgivningen inom ergoterapi : En kvalitativ studie

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elin Andersson

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoitus oli tutkia ja kuvata minkälainen vaikutus terapiakoiralla on toimintaterapeuttien mielestä potilaan toimintaan, ympäristöön ja toimintakykyyn toi-mintaterapeutin käyttäessä koiraa välineenä terapiassa....

  13. 4Gold Service and Rescue

    Full-text: Available

    4Gold Service and Rescue's mission is to enrich, and even save, the lives of community members with special medical or ability needs in which the assistance of a service animal can enable them to experience independence, peace of mind, and companionship, and to advocate on their behalf.

  14. Bale's Buddies Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Bale's Buddies was founded in 2016, the result of our love of dogs and our personal challenge with one of our fabulous children – Harry’s Autism diagnosis.

  15. Critical Evaluation of the Use of Dogs in Biomedical Research and Testing in Europe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nina Hasiwa, Jarrod Bailey, Peter Clausing, Mardas Daneshian, Sándor Farkas, István Gyertyán, Robert Hubrecht, Werner Kobel, Goran Krummenacher, Marcel Leist, Hannes Lohi, Adám Miklósi, Frauke Ohl, Klaus Olejniczak, Georg Schmitt, Patrick Sinnett-Smith, David Smith, Kristina Wagner, James D. Yager, Joanne Zurlo, Thomas Hartung

    Dogs are sometimes referred to as “man’s best friend” and with the increase in urbanization and lifestyle changes, dogs are seen by their owners as family members. Society expresses specific concerns about the experimental use of dogs, as they are sometimes perceived to have a...

  16. A Randomized Cross-Over Field Study of Pre-Hydration Strategies in Dogs Tracking in Hot Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Greta M. Niedermeyer, Elizabeth Hare, Leslie K. Brunker, Richard A. Berk, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Jess L. Nord, Kasey K. Schmidt, Cynthia M. Otto

    The objective of this study was to evaluate 4 pre-exercise hydration strategies (oral water, chicken-flavored water, chicken-flavored oral electrolyte solution, and subcutaneous electrolyte solution) in working dogs conducting rigorous tracking operations in hot and arid conditions. In a...

  17. Depression, anxiety, and happiness in dog owners and potential dog owners during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francois Martin, Katherine E. Bachert, LeAnn Snow, Hsiao-Wei Tu, Julien Belahbib, Sandra A. Lyn

    Major life events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, affect psychological and physiological health. Social support, or the lack thereof, can modulate these effects. The context of the COVID-19 pandemic offered a unique opportunity to better understand how dogs may provide social support for their...

  18. Fetching Interactive Dog Occupier (FIDO)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Katherine Brown, Rebecca Ruth Renner, Michael Ezra Goldman, Domenic James Mucci, Harry Atwood Lanphear, Gregory F. Shannon

    Dogs require exercise and play to stimulate them both mentally and physically, frequently through the game of “fetch”. However, physically disabled dog owners may lack the strength or endurance to play with their pets. We developed a prototype for an autonomous fetching...

  19. Early-emerging and highly heritable sensitivity to human communication in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily E. Bray, Gitanjali E. Gnanadesikan, Daniel J. Horschler, Kerinne M. Levy, Brenda S. Kennedy, Thomas R. Famula, Evan L. MacLean

    Human cognition is believed to be unique in part because of early-emerging social skills for cooperative communication.1 Comparative studies show that at 2.5 years old, children reason about the physical world similarly to other great apes, yet already possess cognitive skills for cooperative...

  20. Horses Failed to Learn from Humans by Observation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Vilain Rørvang, Tina Bach Nielsen, Janne Winther Christensen

    Animals can acquire new behavior through both individual and social learning. Several studies have investigated horses’ ability to utilize inter-species (human demonstrator) social learning with conflicting results. In this study, we repeat a previous study, which found that horses had...