Special Issue: human--companion animal bond
This special issue contains 6 papers. Animal facilitated therapy, overview and future direction (McCulloch, M.J.); The practicing veterinarian--contributions to comparative medicine (McCulloch, W.F. and McCulloch, M.J.); Saying goodbye (Van Alstine, C.); Euthanasia and the management of the...
Studies on human-animal interaction: how do humans and animals perceive each other?
Contributor(s):: Koba, Y.
Studies on the phenogenetics of behaviour in dogs
Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.
THE 3 characters studied are (a) "passive defence reaction, " or shyness, T, as shown by tendency to run away at the approach of a stranger, hiding in a corner, dilation of pupils, muscular tetanus; (b) "active defence reaction " or aggressiveness, A [N.B. author uses no symbol] shown by attempt...
The consideration of the eligibility of guide dogs for the blind at an early stage of their candidacy, aiming at the development and proliferation of guide dogs in Japan
Contributor(s):: Mizukoshi, M.
This paper describes the current state of guide dog training in Japan. The aspects include aptitude testing and behaviour assessment of the dogs. A judging standard adjustable to the development of new testing procedures and the current state of the facilities should be initiated to improve the...
The human factor - the benefits of humane and skilled stockmanship
Contributor(s):: Seabrook, M.
This paper concludes that the behaviour of the stockperson can be a potential stressor with consequences for productivity and welfare. By adopting the correct empathic behaviour the stockperson can have a crucial role in creating an environment for improved animal welfare. Training programmes can...
The human/animal bond: old concept with new meaning for veterinary medicine's contribution to animals and society
Contributor(s):: McCulloch, W. F.
The influence of companion animals on the psychological health of older adults
Contributor(s):: May, C.
Companion animals are thought to have an influence on the psychological health of older adults. It has been suggested that interacting with companion animals affects psychological functioning by reducing depression, anxiety, loneliness and stress, and improving social competence, social interest,...
The interactions between humans and animals: the contribution of ethnozoology
Contributor(s):: Santos-Fita, D., Costa Neto, E. M.
This review discusses the variety of interactions established between human cultures and animals is approached through the perspective of ethnozoology. As a branch of ethnobiology, ethnozoology investigates the knowledge, uses, and significance of animals in human societies. The following...
The moral standing of non-human primates: why they merit special consideration
Contributor(s):: Sauer, U. G.
Scientific experiments with non-human primates are viewed very controversially. Those who use non-human primates for scientific purposes contend that the results will be of great benefit to humans. They say that the distress to the animals is minimal and that, therefore, their experiments are...
The veterinarian and the human animal bond
Contributor(s):: Cooper, A. G.
Voluntary behaviour and passive response toward a human of the milking cows
Contributor(s):: Shuji, Y.
The behaviour of 16 milking cows of Niigata university Muramatsu Station towards a human voluntarily was examined the human sat on the pasture and when the human stood up. Furthermore, relation between the voluntary behaviour and the passivity behaviour of each individual were examined. As a...
Zoonotic disease concerns in animal-assisted therapy and animal visitation programs
Contributor(s):: Waltner-Toews, D.
In a survey of 150 systematically selected US animal care agencies and 74 Canadian humane societies to determine the prevalence of animal assisted therapy (AAT) programmes (concerns about, and experience with zoonotic diseases; and precautions taken to prevent zoonotic disease transmission) 69 US...
Animal rights and the Olympic Games
Ethics in human-animal relationships
Contributor(s):: Antonites, A., Odendaal, J. S. J.
Reactions to ethical matters related to human-animal relationships are often ambiguous and are influenced by many human-related factors. Because of such variations, there is a need for guidance in this regard. Such guidelines should thus be useful in a universal sense. Due to veterinarians...
Genetics and the development of social behavior in dogs
Contributor(s):: Scott, J. P.
The puppies used in the experiments lived with their litter-mates from birth until 1 yr. of age, first in large nursery rooms and later in spacious outdoor runs. Behavioural tests were given to animals of 5 different breeds: Basenji, Beagle, Cocker Spaniel, Shetland Sheep Dog, and Wire-haired Fox...
Individually ventilated cages and rodent welfare: report of the 2002 RSPCA/UFAW rodent welfare group meeting
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, P., Anderson, D., Applebee, K., Key, D., Wallace, J., Milite, G., Clark, J. M., Hubrecht, R., Jennings, M.
The RSPCA/UFAW Rodent Welfare Group holds a one-day meeting every autumn so that its members can discuss current welfare research and exchange views on rodent welfare issues. The 2002 meeting focused on welfare issues associated with housing rodents in individually ventilated cages (IVCs)....
Long-term effect of housing method during the first three months of life on human-animal relationship in female dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Mogensen, L., Krohn, C. C., Foldager, J.
To investigate the effect of housing during the first 3 months of life to the end of the first lactation on the human-animal relationship and milk production, 80 female dairy calves were housed either in open single pens (SOpen), closed single pens (SClosed), calf-groups (GCalf; 5 calves per...
Pet allergy: how important for Turkey where there is a low pet ownership rate
Contributor(s):: Mungan, D., Celik, G., Bavbek, S., Msrlgil, Z.
Exposure and sensitization to allergens derived from cats/dogs have been shown to represent an important risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases. So far, there has not been any study exploring cat/dog sensitization and related factors in our geographic location. The aim of this study was to...
Relationship between behavioural reactions and heart rate in horses during transient social isolation
Contributor(s):: Jezierski, T., Gorecka, A.
Six horses were used in an experiment conducted in a tie-stable without boxes. The behaviour of each horse was videotaped and heart rate (HR) was recorded continuously for approx. 104 min during the following test situations: all horses in the stable and no person present; other horses being...
Selection of guide dogs for the blind
Contributor(s):: Clerfeuille, F.