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  1. Variables affecting the prevalence of behavioural problems in horses. Can riding style and other management factors be significant?

    Contributor(s):: Normando, Simona, Meers, Lieve, Samuels, William Ellery, Faustini, Massimo, Ödberg, Frank O.

    The effects of riding style and various management factors on the prevalence of stereotypies and other behavioural problems among 346 mixed-breed saddle horses (phase 1) and 101 Arabian horses (phase 2) were analysed through a questionnaire answered by owners. In phase 1, the questionnaire data...

  2. Using personality ratings and cortisol to characterize individual differences in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    Contributor(s):: Grand, Alison P., Kuhar, Christopher W., Leighty, Katherine A., Bettinger, Tamara L., Laudenslager, Mark L.

    The development of indices to assist in the management of captive animals and assess their well-being is a key priority for those responsible for providing care to animals in captivity, including the zoological community. In particular, the design of indices for use with some of the more...

  3. Nursing females are more prone to heat stress: Demography matters when managing flying-foxes for climate change

    Contributor(s):: Snoyman, Stephanie, Muhic, Jasmina, Brown, Culum

    Determining the underlying mechanisms responsible for species-specific responses to climate change is important from a species management perspective. The grey-headed flying-fox, Pteropus poliocephalus, is listed as vulnerable but it also a significant pest species for orchardists and thereby...

  4. Housing conditions and breed are associated with emotionality and cognitive abilities in riding school horses

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, Clémence, Fureix, Carole, LeScolan, Nathalie, Richard-Yris, Marie-Annick, Hausberger, Martine

    Horses’ emotional reactivity is of a major importance in riding schools where a variety of more or less experienced riders are present. Horses’ learning abilities may also be important for work. Previous studies have shown that different intrinsic or extrinsic factors, such as breed, housing...

  5. Exploring aggression regulation in managed groups of horses Equus caballus

    Contributor(s):: Fureix, Carole, Bourjade, Marie, Henry, Séverine, Sankey, Carol, Hausberger, Martine

    Horses are highly social animals that have evolved to live in social groups. However, in modern husbandry systems, single housing prevails where horses experience social isolation, a challenge-to-welfare factor. One major reason for this single housing is the owners’ concerns that horses may...

  6. Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Chan, Alvin Aaden Yim-Hol, Blumstein, Daniel T.

    Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...

  7. Rider impacts on equitation

    Contributor(s):: Williams, Jane, Tabor, Gillian

    Equestrianism is popular worldwide, with millions of horses and riders participating in competitive horse sports and non-competitive leisure riding. Riders have a duty of care or responsibility for their horses and should aim to optimise their health and welfare. Despite this, limited research...

  8. Injury incidence, reactivity and ease of handling of horses kept in groups: A matched case control study in four Nordic countries

    Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Bøe, K. E., Christensen, J. W., Hyyppä, S., Jansson, H., Jørgensen, G. H. M., Ladewig, J., Mejdell, C. M., Särkijärvi, S., Søndergaard, E., Hartmann, E.

    There is increasing interest in keeping horses in groups, but progress is hampered by a lack of knowledge about which horses can and should be kept together. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the effect of group composition on the occurrence of injuries among horses, the ease of...

  9. How to keep your horse safe? An epidemiological study about management practices

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, C., Poissonnet, A., Hausberger, M.

    As animal welfare has become a major societal concern since the last decades, identifying the factors affecting it, is of first importance. Many studies have been conducted, mostly centred on one particular environmental factor. However, animal welfare is multifactorial, and evaluating the...

  10. Hormonal correlates of behavioural profiles and coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Silva, Carolina Pereira Cadório Da, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Almeida, Raissa Nobrega De, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves Da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    In this study, we tested the hypothesis that individual differences in behavioural profiles correlate to differences in stress-related behaviours and hormonal levels in captive brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). Based on a sample of 25 animals, 143 h of behavioural data collection and...

  11. Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx

    In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...

  12. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.

  13. How the University Organizational Culture Is Being Experienced? Phenomenological Studies of Experiencing the Here and Now of the Organization

    | Contributor(s):: Konecki, Krzysztof

  14. A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....

  15. Role of environmental education in addressing Human-Animal conflict in Zambia's game management area

    | Contributor(s):: Chimbwe Nyambe

    Human-animal conflict, particularly human-carnivore conflict, is a growing problem in today’s crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Despite the application of different management practices, both locally and globally, the problem still...

  16. Menace and Management: Power in the Human-Monkey Social Worlds of Delhi and Shimla

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen Solomon

    This dissertation is based on ethnographic and textual research among the monkeys and humans of two Indian metropolises, mostly between 2006-2010. The monkeys are rhesus macaques, who have lived alongside humans in South Asia for thousands of years, make their livings in apparently anthropogenic...

  17. Wildlife viewing and ecotourism : ethical, scientific, and value-based considerations

    | Contributor(s):: Anton D. Pitts

    Management of wildlife viewing tourism, possibly as a legacy of management of hunting and trapping activities, tends to see its ultimate goal largely in terms of the sustainable human use of wildlife resources. However, where the potential impacts of human activities are non-lethal, the focus on...

  18. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  19. Beelden van de Das in Nederland in Nederland 1900-2013: van ongedierte tot troeteldier?

    | Contributor(s):: Hens Runhaar, M. Runhaar, J. Vink

    Het herstel van de Nederlandse dassenpopulatie sinds 1980 is voor een belangrijk deel te verklaren uit een betere bescherming door o.a. de overheid, maar ook uit een andere omgang met de Das door boeren, jagers en bestuurders. Doel van dit artikel is om de beelden van de Das in de loop van de...

  20. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    | Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...