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  1. Residents’ Management of, and Attitudes Towards, the Dog Population on Two Mariana Islands

    Contributor(s):: Schafer, Nicole P., Farnworth, Mark

    This study reports the level of care dogs received from their caretakers and the attitudes of caretakers and non-caretakers toward dogs on the islands of Guam and Saipan. Surveys were collected from residents of Guam and Saipan (274 and 275, respectively) and analyzed using chi-squared tests....

  2. Natural Horse Boarding Vs Traditional Stable: A Comparison of Hormonal, Hematological and Immunological Parameters

    Contributor(s):: Placci, M., Marliani, G., Sabioni, S., Gabai, G., Mondo, E., Borghetti, P., Angelis, E. De, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    In the equestrian world, two different types of management can be distinguished: traditional management and natural boarding. The aim of this research was to compare hormonal, hematological and immunological parameters of 47 horses kept in these two different managements. Blood and horsehair of...

  3. Elephant Tourism in Thailand: A Review of Animal Welfare Practices and Needs

    Contributor(s):: Bansiddhi, Pakkanut, Brown, Janine L., Thitaram, Chatchote, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak, Nganvongpanit, Korakot

    Elephant tourism in Thailand has developed into an important socio-economic factor after a logging ban initiated in 1989 resulted in thousands of out-of-work elephants. However, the welfare of captive elephants has been a topic of intense debate among tourists, scientists and stakeholders because...

  4. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Sherwen, Sally, Clark, Fay E.

    Nonhuman animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare state of animals that attempts to make inferences about how animals feel from their behavior, endocrine function, and/or signs of physical health. These welfare measurements are applicable within zoos yet inherently more...

  5. Human-Spider Entanglements: Understanding and Managing the Good, the Bad, and the Venomous

    Contributor(s):: Lemelin, Raynald Harvey, Yen, Alan

    Considering the fear that spiders can generate in humans, examining human-spider interactions in urban settings may at first glance appear odd. However, human-spider interactions, which occur quite frequently in urban settings, do not necessarily have to be negative; they can, in some cases,...

  6. Management practices associated with owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems in UK leisure horses

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Creighton, Emma

    Stable-related and handling behaviour problems are highly prevalent in UK leisure horses. Associations between routine management practices and behaviour problems have been identified in racehorses and performance horses but it is unknown whether these practices are also associated with behaviour...

  7. Management and personality in Labrador Retriever dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lofgren, Sarah E., Wiener, Pamela, Blott, Sarah C., Sanchez-Molano, Enrique, Woolliams, John A., Clements, Dylan N., Haskell, Marie J.

    Canine personality is of keen interest to dog owners and researchers alike. The regular human contact with them makes dogs an ideal species to use in the investigation of animal personality. This study specifically focused on Labrador Retrievers, consistently one of the most popular breeds both...

  8. Effects of age and group type on social behaviour of male western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in North American zoos

    Contributor(s):: Stoinski, Tara S., Lukas, Kristen E., Kuhar, Christopher W.

    The long-term management of male gorillas in zoos is a significant challenge. The demographics of the population – specifically a 50/50 sex ratio and the desire to form breeding groups that contain a single male and multiple females – necessitates housing a majority of adult males outside of...

  9. Differential preference for ultraviolet light among captive birds from three ecological habitats

    Contributor(s):: Ross, Megan R., Gillespie, Katie L., Hopper, Lydia M., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Maple, Terry L.

    With receptors for red, blue, green, and ultraviolet-A light, birds have tetrachromatic vision. For birds, ultraviolet (UV) light is important for a number of their behaviors, including mate selection, foraging, and nesting. Many captive birds, however, are housed indoors without access to...

  10. Variables affecting the prevalence of behavioural problems in horses. Can riding style and other management factors be significant?

    Contributor(s):: Normando, Simona, Meers, Lieve, Samuels, William Ellery, Faustini, Massimo, Ödberg, Frank O.

    The effects of riding style and various management factors on the prevalence of stereotypies and other behavioural problems among 346 mixed-breed saddle horses (phase 1) and 101 Arabian horses (phase 2) were analysed through a questionnaire answered by owners. In phase 1, the questionnaire data...

  11. Using personality ratings and cortisol to characterize individual differences in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    Contributor(s):: Grand, Alison P., Kuhar, Christopher W., Leighty, Katherine A., Bettinger, Tamara L., Laudenslager, Mark L.

    The development of indices to assist in the management of captive animals and assess their well-being is a key priority for those responsible for providing care to animals in captivity, including the zoological community. In particular, the design of indices for use with some of the more...

  12. Nursing females are more prone to heat stress: Demography matters when managing flying-foxes for climate change

    Contributor(s):: Snoyman, Stephanie, Muhic, Jasmina, Brown, Culum

    Determining the underlying mechanisms responsible for species-specific responses to climate change is important from a species management perspective. The grey-headed flying-fox, Pteropus poliocephalus, is listed as vulnerable but it also a significant pest species for orchardists and thereby...

  13. Housing conditions and breed are associated with emotionality and cognitive abilities in riding school horses

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, Clémence, Fureix, Carole, LeScolan, Nathalie, Richard-Yris, Marie-Annick, Hausberger, Martine

    Horses’ emotional reactivity is of a major importance in riding schools where a variety of more or less experienced riders are present. Horses’ learning abilities may also be important for work. Previous studies have shown that different intrinsic or extrinsic factors, such as breed, housing...

  14. Exploring aggression regulation in managed groups of horses Equus caballus

    Contributor(s):: Fureix, Carole, Bourjade, Marie, Henry, Séverine, Sankey, Carol, Hausberger, Martine

    Horses are highly social animals that have evolved to live in social groups. However, in modern husbandry systems, single housing prevails where horses experience social isolation, a challenge-to-welfare factor. One major reason for this single housing is the owners’ concerns that horses may...

  15. Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Chan, Alvin Aaden Yim-Hol, Blumstein, Daniel T.

    Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...

  16. The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, Margareta Stéen

    Wild animals are used for research and management purposes in Sweden and throughout the world. Animals are often subjected to similar procedures and risks of compromised welfare from capture, anesthesia, handling, sampling, marking, and sometimes selective removal. The interpretation of the...

  17. Rider impacts on equitation

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, Jane, Tabor, Gillian

    Equestrianism is popular worldwide, with millions of horses and riders participating in competitive horse sports and non-competitive leisure riding. Riders have a duty of care or responsibility for their horses and should aim to optimise their health and welfare. Despite this, limited research...

  18. Injury incidence, reactivity and ease of handling of horses kept in groups: A matched case control study in four Nordic countries

    | Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Bøe, K. E., Christensen, J. W., Hyyppä, S., Jansson, H., Jørgensen, G. H. M., Ladewig, J., Mejdell, C. M., Särkijärvi, S., Søndergaard, E., Hartmann, E.

    There is increasing interest in keeping horses in groups, but progress is hampered by a lack of knowledge about which horses can and should be kept together. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the effect of group composition on the occurrence of injuries among horses, the ease of...

  19. How to keep your horse safe? An epidemiological study about management practices

    | Contributor(s):: Lesimple, C., Poissonnet, A., Hausberger, M.

    As animal welfare has become a major societal concern since the last decades, identifying the factors affecting it, is of first importance. Many studies have been conducted, mostly centred on one particular environmental factor. However, animal welfare is multifactorial, and evaluating the...

  20. Hormonal correlates of behavioural profiles and coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Silva, Carolina Pereira Cadório Da, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Almeida, Raissa Nobrega De, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves Da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    In this study, we tested the hypothesis that individual differences in behavioural profiles correlate to differences in stress-related behaviours and hormonal levels in captive brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). Based on a sample of 25 animals, 143 h of behavioural data collection and...