Apr 30 2014
2014 Pacific Conference
Apr 28 2014
2014 Prairie Conference
A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood
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Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
A framework for sustainability transition: the case of plant-based diets
Contributor(s):: Vinnari, M., Vinnari, E.
Societal and technological development during the last century has enabled Western economies to achieve a high standard of living. Yet this profusion of wealth has led to several outcomes that are undesirable and/or unsustainable. There is thus an imperative need for a fundamental and rapid...
A novel strategy for pocket gopher control
Contributor(s):: Michael E.R. Godfrey
Current techniques for the control of pocket gophers use traps, fumigants or toxic baits. Trapping and fumigation are labor intensive and seldom effective in giving more than short-term relief. Toxic baiting usually uses baits that are rapidly degraded and although the resident gopher may be...
A review of the human–horse relationship
Contributor(s):: Martine Hausberger, Hélène Rochea, Séverine Henrya, E. Kathalijne Visser
Despite a long history of human–horse relationship, horse-related incidents and accidents do occur amongst professional and non professional horse handlers. Recent studies show that their occurrence depend more on the frequency and amount of interactions with horses than on the level of...
A spatially explicit model of the white-tailed deer population in Delaware
Contributor(s):: Jennings, Brian, Bowman, Jacob L., Tymkiw, Elizabeth L.
A study of the relationships between the attitudinal and behavioural profiles of stockpersons and the level of fear of human and reproductive performance of commercial pigs
Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Coleman, G. J., Hansen, C.
Animals on 19 commercial farms were studied. The level of fear of humans by sows was assessed by observing their approach behaviour to an experimenter in a standard 3-min test.The time taken to enter an area within 0.5 m of the experimenter was related to farrowing rate (P
Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.
Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Sherwen, Sally, Clark, Fay E.
Nonhuman animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare state of animals that attempts to make inferences about how animals feel from their behavior, endocrine function, and/or signs of physical health. These welfare measurements are applicable within zoos yet inherently more...
Agonistic and mating behavior of adult chickens modified by social and physical environments
Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Bhagwat, A. L.
Agonistic and mating behaviour in 48 flocks of adult White Leghorn fowls was observed for 8 wk. A factorial experimental design allowed evaluation of behaviour as affected by genetic strain, presence or absence of males , age group (initial ages of 32 or 48 wk), and less crowded floor pens...
Alligator nuisance control program in Texas: problem and process
Contributor(s):: Lee Ann Johnson, David S. Lobpries, Bruce G. Thompson
Following protection of the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) in Texas beginning in 1969, alligator numbers have increased rapidly (Patter 1981). Such population increases led to the federal reclassification of the species from Endangered to Threatened--Similarity of Appearance in...
Amount and diurnal distribution of grazing time by stocker cattle under different tall fescue management strategies
Contributor(s):: Coffey, K. P., Moyer, J. L., Brazle, F. K., Lomas, L. W.
The effects of endophyte level, ladino clover interseeding, grazing management or supplemental antibiotics on stocker cattle performance and the amount and diurnal distribution of grazing time by stocker cattle on tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) pastures was evaluated. Grazing time was measured...
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...
Animal welfare and sustainability of production under extensive conditions: a non-EU perspective
Contributor(s):: Matthews, L. R.
Public attitudes to extensive livestock husbandry systems are favourable and welfare is perceived to be good primarily because animals are free to express their normal behaviour patterns. In many cases, such as agroforestry, this conclusion is fully justified. The author makes the following...
Animal welfare in disaster management
Contributor(s):: Vroegindewey, G.
Assessing cumulative impacts to elk and mule deer in the Salmon River Basin, Idaho
Contributor(s):: O'Neil, T. A., Witmer, G. W.
Elk (Cervus elaphus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are managed in the area by resource agencies to ensure long-term annual returns as big game. A method is described for estimating potential cumulative effects of multiple hydroelectric developments proposed for the area. Assessment of five...
Assessment of individual differences in behavioural reactions of heifers exposed to various fear-eliciting situations
Contributor(s):: Boissy, A., Bouissou, M. F.
14 Friesian heifers (18 months old) were subjected to a series of tests reported to induce fear or anxiety. The tests were; exposure to a novel environment (open-field test), exposure to a novel object, exposure to feed placed in an unfamiliar arena, and a surprise effect. Behaviour during the...
Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management
Contributor(s):: Chan, Alvin Aaden Yim-Hol, Blumstein, Daniel T.
Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...