Sociocultural aspects of attitudes toward marine animals: a focus group analysis
Contributor(s):: Unna Lassiter, Jennifer R. Wolch
In geographic research of the past decade, the understanding of nature-society relations has broadened to include ideas about our relationship with and attitudes toward animals. In this study, we explore the relationship between attitudes toward marine animals and...
Developing a Catalog of Socio-Sexual Behaviors of Beluga Whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) in the Care of Humans
Contributor(s):: Heather M Hill, Sarah Dietrich, Deirdre Yeater, Mariyah McKinnon, Malin Miller, Steve Aibel, Al Dove
The repertoire of socio-sexual and sexual behaviors of cetaceans is relatively unknown. The purpose of the current study was to advance the existing knowledge of socio-sexual behavior of beluga whales through the development of a behavioral catalog that lists the full repertoire of sexual and...
United States v. Hayashi: Taking Aim at the Marine Mammal Protection Act
Contributor(s):: Marc A. Yaggi
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted in 1972, in an effort to curb the increasing fatality rates of marine mammals that were caused, in part, by fishermen. Upon enacting the MMPA, Congress implemented a "taking" provision - the core provision - which prohibits the...
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England
Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.
This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...
Effects of pool size on free-choice selections by Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins at one zoo facility
Contributor(s):: Shyan, M. R., Merritt, D., Kohlmeier, N. M., Barton, K., Tenge, J.
Dolphin pool design often derives from the concept that cetaceans are ocean based and ipso facto should live in open, deep, watery spaces. This emotionally appealing rationale is not data driven. Researchers report that in the wild, some populations of Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins Tursiops...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.
"Gift giving" by wild bottle-nose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) to humans at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Holmes, B. J., Neil, D. T.
Salivary cortisol in captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a non-invasive technique
Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Valdez, R. A., Singh, S., Chiappa, X., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.
Conflict and reconciliation behavior trends of the bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus )
Contributor(s):: Holobinko, A., Waring, G. H.
Wild bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) populations display societal structures characterized by numerous and frequent changes in group composition, complex social relationships, and high levels of cooperation, attributes also observed in human and nonhuman primate cultures. Maintaining...
Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter
Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.
The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...
Behavioural responses of captive common dolphins Delphinus delphis to a 'Swim-with-Dolphin' programme
Contributor(s):: Kyngdon, D. J., Minot, E. O., Stafford, K. J.
We monitored the effects of a `Swim-with-Dolphin' (SWD) programme on the behaviour of three female common dolphins. They were studied from January 1999 to July 1999 at Marineland, Napier, New Zealand. Before, during and after SWD sessions we recorded: (1) the use of a refuge area, (2) the...
Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain
Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.
Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...
Medieval and early modern whaling in Portugal
Contributor(s):: Brito, C.
Mainland Portugal is not renowned for having been a whaling nation of significance. However, preliminary studies have brought to light enough historical references to suggest that whaling occurred from at least the 13th century, and the present work identifies 38 historical sources documenting...
Animal assisted therapy Part 1: Physical therapy and rehabilitation
Contributor(s):: Reynolds, A.
Effects of the interaction with dolphins on physical and mental conditions of the elderly
Contributor(s):: Akiyama, J., Sugimoto, K., Ohta, M.
The effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) on the physical and physiological health of old people have been well known. In general, dogs, cats and small animals have been used at the AAT for seniors. In this study we tried to clarify physical and mental effects of the interactions of old people...
Contributor(s):: Gouva, E., Ergolavou, A., Paschos, I., Perdikaris, C., Nathanailides, C., Damigou, N., Athanasopoulou, F.
Dolphin therapy emerged during the 1950s. The work of Dr. John Lilly played an important role, since he investigated the impact of dolphins on disabled people. From 1978 onwards, the therapeutic aid of dolphins was further advanced, especially after the success of Dr Davis Nathanson with...
Into the brains of whales
Contributor(s):: Simmonds, M. P.
Whilst studies on cetaceans have focused on a few populations of just a few species, various complex behaviours and social structures that support the notion that cetaceans should be regarded as intelligent animals have been revealed. The evidence to support this is reviewed here and is best...