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  1. Behavioural responses of South American fur seals to approach by tourists - a brief report

    Contributor(s):: Cassini, M. H.

    I studied the responses (retreats, threats, attacks or leaving the rookery) of South American fur seals Arctocephalus australis to tourist approaches at a non-reproductive, continental colony of located in Cabo Polonio, Uruguay (34 degrees 24'S, 53 degrees 46'W). Fur seals tolerated relatively...

  2. Medieval and early modern whaling in Portugal

    Contributor(s):: Brito, C.

    Mainland Portugal is not renowned for having been a whaling nation of significance. However, preliminary studies have brought to light enough historical references to suggest that whaling occurred from at least the 13th century, and the present work identifies 38 historical sources documenting...

  3. Marine mammals enact individual worlds

    Contributor(s):: Delfour, Fabienne

  4. Animal assisted therapy Part 1: Physical therapy and rehabilitation

    Contributor(s):: Reynolds, A.

  5. AVMA hosts a whale of a welfare forum

    Contributor(s):: Monti, D. J., Wollrab, T. I.

  6. Effects of the interaction with dolphins on physical and mental conditions of the elderly

    Contributor(s):: Akiyama, J., Sugimoto, K., Ohta, M.

    The effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) on the physical and physiological health of old people have been well known. In general, dogs, cats and small animals have been used at the AAT for seniors. In this study we tried to clarify physical and mental effects of the interactions of old people...

  7. Dolphin therapy

    Contributor(s):: Gouva, E., Ergolavou, A., Paschos, I., Perdikaris, C., Nathanailides, C., Damigou, N., Athanasopoulou, F.

    Dolphin therapy emerged during the 1950s. The work of Dr. John Lilly played an important role, since he investigated the impact of dolphins on disabled people. From 1978 onwards, the therapeutic aid of dolphins was further advanced, especially after the success of Dr Davis Nathanson with...

  8. Behavioural responses of juvenile Steller sea lions to hot-iron branding

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Here we present the first data showing the post-branding behavioural responses in a marine mammal. Eleven captive juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were observed for 3 days before and 3 days after hot-iron branding. Four of six monitored behaviours changed significantly after...

  9. Does participation in Dolphin-Human Interaction Programs affect bottlenose dolphin behaviour?

    | Contributor(s):: Trone, M., Kuczaj, S., Solangi, M.

    The present study quantified the daily (short-term) and monthly (long-term) behavioural repertoires of three dolphins that participated in Dolphin Interaction Programs with paying guests. Behavioural data were collected over a 6-month period, with Dolphin Interaction Programs occurring daily...

  10. Into the brains of whales

    | Contributor(s):: Simmonds, M. P.

    Whilst studies on cetaceans have focused on a few populations of just a few species, various complex behaviours and social structures that support the notion that cetaceans should be regarded as intelligent animals have been revealed. The evidence to support this is reviewed here and is best...

  11. A preliminary investigation of the effect of repeated pedestrian approaches to Weddell seals ( Leptonychotes weddellii )

    | Contributor(s):: Petel, T. van P., Giese, M., Hindell, M.

    Repeated exposure to human activity can change the behavioural response of wildlife, having implications for management. Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) breeding close to Antarctic research stations are easily accessible and regularly visited by people. To investigate the responses of...

  12. Evaluation of different observational sampling regimes for use in zoological parks

    | Contributor(s):: Margulis, S. W., Westhus, E. J.

    Observational sampling methods provide clearly-defined guidelines for collection and analysis of behavioral data. In some situations, use of formal sampling regimes may be impractical or impossible. A case in point is data collection conducted by animal care staff at zoological parks and aquaria....

  13. Management and behaviour of dolphins

    | Contributor(s):: Manton, V. J.

  14. Awareness of whale conservation status and whaling policy in the US - a preliminary study on American youth

    | Contributor(s):: Parsons, E. C. M., Rice, J. P., Sadeghi, L.

    In 2008, a preliminary study was conducted to provide information on awareness of cetacean (whale, dolphin and porpoise) conservation issues and the US government's policy on whaling, in a test group of US university students (n=230). When given a list of whale species, 39% of the participants...

  15. Behavior of dolphins towards adults and children during swim-with-dolphin programs and towards children with disabilities during therapy sessions

    | Contributor(s):: Brensing, K., Linke, K.

    In recent years, dolphin-assisted therapy has become very popular and an increasing number of facilities worldwide offer therapy programs with dolphins. In contrast to other animal-assisted therapy programs, dolphins are not domestic animals; they are mostly caught in the wild and there are still...

  16. Cooperative fishing interactions between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T.

    Published eyewitness accounts and stories from Aboriginal Australians are used to provide an overview of the geographical extent and characteristics of cooperative fishing between Aboriginal Australians and dolphins in eastern Australia. These sources indicate that cooperative fishing was...

  17. Dolphin-assisted therapy: changes in interaction and communication between children with severe disabilities and their caregivers

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbach, E., Stumpf, E., Fersen, L. v, Ebert, H.

    The goal of this study was to test if dolphin-assisted therapy could be an effective therapeutic intervention for children with significant social and communication disabilities. Furthermore, it was crucial to determine the relative importance of the dolphin and the parent consultation factors...

  18. Dolphin-assisted therapy: more flawed data and more flawed conclusions

    | Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Lilienfeld, S. O.

    Dolphin-Assisted Therapy (DAT) is an increasingly popular choice of treatment for illness and developmental disabilities by providing participants with the opportunity to swim or interact with live captive dolphins. Two reviews of DAT (Marino and Lilienfeld [1998] and Humphries [2003]) concluded...

  19. Effectiveness of short-term dolphin-assisted therapy for children with severe disabilities

    | Contributor(s):: Nathanson, D. E., Castro, D. de, Friend, H., McMahon, M.

    The effectiveness of two week dolphin-assisted therapy was compared to the effectiveness of six month conventional physical and speech-language therapy. Data were analyzed using a multiple baseline single subject across settings design, for 47 children with severe disabilities (20 females, 27...

  20. Ethogram of selected behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales ( Globicephala macrorhynchus ) and directed to human swimmers during open water encounters

    | Contributor(s):: Scheer, M., Hofmann, B., Behr, I. P.

    In order to establish an ethogram of interactive behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus) and directed to human swimmers, we initiated encounters with non-habituated pilot whale groups during open water encounters southwest of Tenerife, Canary...