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  1. Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  2. Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth

    Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Beganovic, D. F., Sutton, A. L., Palmer, D. J., Thomson, P. C., Tammen, I.

    Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...

  3. Impact of individual training parameters and manner of taking breath odor samples on the reliability of canines as cancer screeners

    Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Ensminger, J.

  4. Operant conditioning parameters in cancer detection dogs.

    Contributor(s):: Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Adamkiewicz, E.

  5. Pedometers as supervision tools for mares in the prepartal period

    Contributor(s):: Bachmann, M., Wensch-Dorendorf, M., Hoffmann, G., Steinhofel, I., Bothendorf, S., Kemper, N.

    To assess the practical use of pedometers as supervision tools in the equine prepartal period, two types, IceQube- and ALT-sensors, were tested. Nine mares were randomly fitted with devices of the respective types on the front legs (ALT: n=9, IceQube: n=7), and with an IceQube-sensor on a neck...

  6. Salivary cortisol and behavior in therapy dogs during animal-assisted interventions: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) have been associated with positive effects on human psychological and physiological health. Although the perception of quality standards in AAIs is high, only few investigations have focused on potential welfare implications for therapy dogs linked to their...

  7. The influence of walking speed on equine back motion in relation to hippotherapy. (Special Issue: Motion analysis in animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Janura, M., Dvorakova, T., Peham, C., Svoboda, Z., Elfmark, M.

  8. Application of pre-partum feeding and social behaviour in predicting risk of developing metritis in crossbred cows

    Contributor(s):: Patbandha, T. K., Mohanty, T. K., Layek, S. S., Arumugam, Kumaresan, Kumaresh, Behera

  9. Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.

    This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...

  10. Evaluation of the acute phase protein haptoglobin as an indicator of herd health in slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Berg, A. van den, Danuser, J., Frey, J., Regula, G.

    Health is an important aspect of animal welfare, which is difficult to assess at herd level. Clinical examination of individual animals is time-consuming, and most measures of clinical herd health depend significantly on the examiner. Acute phase proteins are produced during inflammatory...

  11. Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare

    Contributor(s):: Mark, T., Sandoe, P.

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure the...

  12. Perioperative stress response in dogs undergoing elective surgery: variations in behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase responses

    Contributor(s):: Siracusa, C., Manteca, X., Ceron, J., Martinez-Subiela, S., Cuenca, R., Lavin, S., Garcia, F., Pastor, J.

    The aim of this trial was to describe the behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase stress responses in dogs undergoing elective surgery in normal, clinical practice conditions. Sixteen dogs were submitted to elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy using a standardised surgical...