Effects of the maternal behavioral characteristics of lying down on piglet crushing in Minpig and Yorkshire sows
Contributor(s):: Huang, Xuankai, Yan, Haoyu, Wang, Tiantian, Li, Ke, Guo, Yuanyuan, Wang, Zhipeng, Di, Shengwei, Wang, Xibiao, Cui, Shiquan
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
Duration of phase II of labour negatively affects maternal behaviour and lamb viability in wool-type primiparous ewes under extensive rearing
Contributor(s):: Regueiro, Mariel, López-Mazz, Carlos, Jorge-Smeding, Ezequiel, Baldi, Fernando, Banchero, Georgget
Maternal nutrition and antioxidant supplementation: Effects on mother–young behaviors in a Patagonian sheep extensive grazing system
Contributor(s):: Sales, Francisco, Parraguez, Victor H., Freitas-de-Melo, Aline, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
Undernourishment is a frequent condition in sheep pregnancies under extensive systems, since most of the pregnancies occur when the prairie has the lowest forage allowance. Underfed sheep pregnancies are associated with maternal-fetal oxidative stress, low birth weight and deteriorated ewe–lamb...
Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna
The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...
Nest-building in sows: Effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics
Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Vienola, Kirsi, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna
Prepartum nesting opportunities may improve maternal characteristics and welfare of sows during parturition and lactation. We investigated the effects of provision of space and nesting material prior to parturition on circulating oxytocin concentrations, maternal characteristics and their...
Nest building and posture changes and activity budget of gilts housed in pens and crates
Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Vasdal, Guro, Pedersen, Lene Juul
The aim of the present work was to study nest building, posture changes and the overall activity budget of gilts in pens vs. crates. Twenty-three HB gilts (high piglet survival day 5) and 21 LB gilts (low piglet survival day 5) were video recorded from day 110 in pregnancy to four days after...
Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight
Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel
Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...
Litter competition during nursings and its effect on sow response on Day 2 postpartum
Contributor(s):: Bozděchová, Barbora, Illmann, Gudrun, Andersen, Inger Lise, Haman, Jiří, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca
The aim of the present study was to assess neonatal sibling competition during nursing on Day 2 postpartum (pp) as well as its effect on the sow's responses. A total of 41 healthy loose-housed sows and their piglets were directly observed and video recorded for 6h on Day 2 pp. Piglet behaviours...
Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems
Contributor(s):: Liu, Hong-gui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, Yun-qing, Zhang, Jun-ling, Bao, Jun
When sows and their litters are kept outdoors, the maternal ability, including maternal behavior, is very important for piglet health and survival. The aim of this study was to compare part of maternal behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two different conventionally bred Min pig...
Individual differences in calf defence patterns in Red Angus beef cows
Contributor(s):: Flörcke, Cornelia, Engle, Terry E., Grandin, Temple, Deesing, Mark J.
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in individual calf defence behaviour patterns and maternal protective behaviour of beef cows 24h after calving. A single herd was observed on an extensive ranch in Colorado, USA. A total of 341 cow–calf pairs (95% Red Angus and 5%...
Impact of social stress during gestation and environmental enrichment during lactation on the maternal behavior of sows
Contributor(s):: Ringgenberg, Nadine, Bergeron, Renée, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Devillers, Nicolas
The impact of a social stress in gestation and an enriched pen in lactation on components of sow maternal behavior was studied in a 2×2 factorial experiment. At breeding, 41 sows were assigned to a social mixing stress treatment (T) during mid-gestation or a control group (C). During lactation,...
Genetic and environmental effects on piglet survival and maternal behaviour of the farrowing sow
Contributor(s):: Baxter, Emma M., Jarvis, Susan, Sherwood, Lorna, Farish, Marianne, Roehe, Rainer, Lawrence, Alistair B., Edwards, Sandra A.
There is growing external pressure to abolish the farrowing crate, however alternative farrowing systems need to equal or surpass the performance (i.e. piglet survival) of more restrictive systems. In order to achieve consistent improvement in piglet survival genetic selection strategies...
Ewes are more attentive to their offspring experiencing pain but not stress
Contributor(s):: Hild, Sophie, Clark, Corinna C. A., Dwyer, Catherine M., Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Mike, Zanella, Adroaldo J.
The goal of this experiment was to detect if maternal care by ewes could be effective in mitigating psychological or physiological stress or pain in their offspring. We hypothesised that ewes are able to recognise when their offspring undergo an adverse experience and will adapt their maternal...
The early behaviour of cow and calf in an individual calving pen
Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak
The aim was to investigate the early behaviour in dairy cows and their calves. Thirty-eight multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows and their calves were housed in individual calving pens during the first twelve days post-partum and their behaviour was observed during 24h on days 3, 7 and 11....
Can sow pre-lying communication or good piglet condition prevent piglets from getting crushed?
Contributor(s):: Melišová, Michala, Illmann, Gudrun, Andersen, Inger Lise, Vasdal, Guro, Haman, Jiří
This study focused on the impact of sow–piglet communication during pre-lying behaviour and piglet condition on piglet location before the sow was lying down and on the incidence of piglet crushing. Eighteen loose-housed, Yorkshire×Norwegian Landrace sows and their litters were studied on Day 1...
Breed differences in the expression of maternal care at parturition persist throughout the lactation period in sheep
Contributor(s):: Pickup, Helena E., Dwyer, Cathy M.
Maternal care plays an important role in the survival of offspring in mammals. In the ewe initial maternal care is expressed by nurturing the young and formation of an exclusive olfactory bond with the lamb. After the neonatal period, maternal care is associated with co-operation with sucking...
Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows
The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...
Early recognition of offspring vocalisation by mink mothers
Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, Jens
Mink deliver around the same time of year. Consequently, mink dams are exposed to other delivering dams and litters nearby in the same housing facility on farms. In addition, farmers often transfer kits between litters within the first week of life, as levelling large litters is believed to...