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  1. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  2. Dogs for herding and guarding livestock

    Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.

    Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...

  3. Guidance for puppy owners

    Contributor(s):: Hedges, S.

    The advantages of behavioural guidance from veterinary practice was discussed. Highlights focused on the behavioural management, care, and training of puppies.

  4. A case study of primiparous maternal and infant gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) behavior

    Contributor(s):: Crosby, J. Y., Lukas, K. E.

    A primiparous mother and her infant were subjects of a longitudinal behavioral study at Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago, Illinois. From November 1998 to November 1999, we collected a total of 100 hr of focal nonhuman animal instantaneous point sampling and all occurrence data on the mother and her...

  5. Empty nest: a case study of maternal response to separation from a juvenile offspring in a captive sumatran orangutan ( Pongo pygmaeus abelii )

    Contributor(s):: Tarou, L. R., Bashaw, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Improving the welfare of captive nonhuman primates requires evaluating the stressors created by the captive environment and reducing their negative effects. Social separation, although sometimes necessary for managing the genetic diversity of captive populations of animals, causes both...

  6. But What Does Fido Think?: The Association Between the Presence of a Pet and Maternal use of Mind-Related Language

    Contributor(s):: Molly Crossman

    The goal of the present study was to explore the relation between the presence of a companion animal and maternal use of mind-related language, which has been associated with the development of theory of mind and empathy in children. In order to investigate this intersection, a sample of 19...

  7. A developmental approach to dog's sociality

    Contributor(s):: Mogi, K., Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T.

    A special relationship between human and dog is considered to be established by dog's characteristic social skill and cognitive ability, based on adequate emotional and affiliative behavior. It has been emphasized that puppy's experience in its developing period is prerequisite for dog's...

  8. The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig II: management factors

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Rutherford, K. M. D., D'Eath, R. B., Arnott, G., Turner, S. P., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Lawrence, A. B.

  9. Jeremy N Marchant-Forde

    1.Rudd, A.R.* and Marchant, J.N.* (1995) Aspects of farrowing and lactating sow behaviour. The Pig Journal, 34: 21-30 2.Marchant, J.N.*, Mendl, M.T., Rudd, A.R. and Broom, D.M. (1995) The effect of...

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  10. Dog ownership during pregnancy, maternal activity, and obesity: a cross-sectional study

    Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Liu, J., Heron, J., Ness, A. R., Bundred, P., Gaskell, R. M., German, A. J., McCune, S., Dawson, S.

  11. How mothers are born: A psychobiological analysis of mothering

    Contributor(s):: Mileva-Seitz, Viara, Fleming, Alison S.

  12. A note on chick adoption: a complementary strategy for rearing rheas

    Contributor(s):: Labaque, M. C., Navarro, J. L., Martella, M. B.

    Adoption of greater rhea (Rhea americana) chicks by males and the comparative survival of adopted vs. male's own chicks in a semi-captive population was investigated. Groups of marked chicks (one to 11 individuals) hatched in incubators were released at intervals near males with their own broods....

  13. A note on sheltering behaviour by ewes before and after lambing

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Shaw, K. J., Littlejohn, R. P.

    The effects of lambing and lamb rearing on sheltering behaviour was investigated in multiparous Romney x Perendale crossbred ewes with either 9 (5 ewes) or 3 months (5) of wool growth during daylight hours for 6 weeks over the lambing period, in a pasture with little vegetative shelter but with a...

  14. Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 3. Effects of piglet diet quality and sow-controlled housing on performance and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Caceres, C., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    We studied how "sow-controlled" housing (i.e. housing where sows can leave their piglets at will) affects the behaviour and performance of sows and litters when tested under near-commercial conditions and with two different levels of piglet diet quality. Sows and litters were housed in pens where...

  15. Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 4. Effects of sow-controlled housing combined with a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    Previous experimental work has shown modest and variable production and welfare benefits for the lactating sow and piglets when sows are allowed to separate themselves temporarily from their piglets, or when piglets have access to a communal creep area sufficiently attractive that they spend...

  16. Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 5. Individual differences in the maternal behaviour of sows

    Contributor(s):: Pitts, A. D., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Pajor, E. A., Kramer, D. L.

    'Sow-controlled' housing has been developed to address welfare and production concerns associated with close confinement of the lactating sow and her litter, by permitting the sow to leave the litter at will. However, there is a risk that variation in the use of the piglet-free ('get-away') area...

  17. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  18. Characteristics of wild pig farrowing nests and beds in the upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina

    Contributor(s):: Mayer, J. J., Martin, F. D., Brisbin, I. L., Jr.

    Thirteen farrowing nests and 9 resting/loafing beds built by wild pigs (Sus scrofa) from an introduced population in South Carolina, USA, were studied with respect to physical description, size parameters, the animals involved, and adjacent surroundings. The nests, built by pre-parturition sows,...

  19. Dimensions of maternal behaviour characteristics in domestic and wild x domestic crossbred sows

    Contributor(s):: Spinka, M., Illmann, G., Jonge, F. de, Andersson, M., Schuurman, T., Jensen, P.

    We examined the maternal behaviour of seven domestic and seven wildxdomestic primiparous sows during 10 days post partum at the Wageningen Agricultural University, Neatherlands during April-June 1997 to investigate two questions: (1) Did maternal behaviour change during domestication? (2) Can the...

  20. Effect of stage of lactation and breed on dairy cows' acceptance of foster calves

    Contributor(s):: Loberg, J., Lidfors, L.

    We examined the time after separation from their own calf, dairy cows best accept foster calves, and if there are differences between two breeds in their willingness to accept foster calves. Forty-eight cows, 24 Swedish Red and White (SRW) and 24 Swedish Holstein-Friesian (SHF) were used. They...