You are here: Home / Tags / Maternal behavior / All Categories

Tags: Maternal behavior

All Categories (61-80 of 281)

  1. Effects of feed-back from the nest on maternal responsiveness and postural changes in primiparous sows during the first 24 h after farrowing onset

    Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Damm, B. I., Marchant-Forde, J. N., Jensen, K. H.

    In order to elucidate whether feed-back from a farrowing nest affects the sows' activity level and responsiveness to piglets during the first 24 h after the onset of parturition, 18 primiparous Landrace x Yorkshire sows were given the opportunity to build a farrowing nest of peat, straw and...

  2. Individual differences in the behaviour of sows at the nest-site and the crushing of piglets

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Hegglin, D.

    Continuous 24-h video recordings were made of 11 loose-housed sows and their litters during parturition, and during the following 10 days. Each sow and litter were kept in a pen with a straw-bedded nest-site. Piglets were defined as in danger of being crushed if they were trapped by the sow's...

  3. Influence of environmental stimuli on nest building and farrowing behaviour in domestic sows

    Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S., Jorgensen, E.

    The effects of floor type (sand vs. concrete) and substrate type (straw feeder vs. no straw feeder) were examined using a 2 x 2 factorial design with 9 replicates of 4 multiparous sows. From 1 week prepartum until 2 weeks after farrowing, sows were penned individually in roofed 7.6 msuperscript 2...

  4. Maternal behaviour in Mus musculus sp.: an ethological review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Weber, E. M., Olsson, I. A. S.

    In this paper, we review the scientific literature on maternal behaviour in commensal house mice and laboratory mice. Similar to other altricial species, female mice prepare a nest before parturition. Once the pups are born, nursing is the main part of maternal behaviour, and pups are weaned...

  5. Mother-offspring bonding in farmed red deer: accuracy of visual observation verified by DNA analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Vankova, D., Bartos, L., Cizova-Schroffelova, D., Nespor, F., Jandurova, O.

    The accuracy of a maternity assessment based on visual observation was tested during the post parturient phase in farmed red deer in Czech Republic [date not given]. The mother of the calf was determined using visual observation of the hind's peri-parturient and early maternal behaviour during...

  6. Mother-young relationships in Belgian Blue cattle after a Caesarean section: characterisation and effects of parity. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Vandenheede, M., Nicks, B., Desiron, A., Canart, B.

    The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed...

  7. Nest building and farrowing in sows: relation to the reaction pattern during stress, farrowing environment and experience

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S.

    Nest building and farrowing behaviour of 40 Landrace/Yorkshire (L/Y) sows was studied in their first and second parity. In the first parity, the gilts were either housed in a crate or a "get-away-pen" (GAP) and in the second parity, either the same farrowing environment was used again or the sow...

  8. Nursing behaviour of sows during 5 weeks lactation and effects on piglet growth

    | Contributor(s):: Valros, A. E., Rundgren, M., Spinka, M., Saloniemi, H., Rydhmer, L., Algers, B.

    The main goal of this study was to investigate the effect of sow nursing behaviour on piglet liveweight gain and within-litter variation (WLV) in piglet liveweight gain under as naturalistic conditions as possible. In order to achieve this, patterns of sow nursing behaviour and piglet liveweight...

  9. Nursing behaviour, postpartum activity and reactivity in sows: effects of farrowing environment, previous experience and temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S.

    Postpartum behaviour during the first 24 h after farrowing (day 0 pp) and on day 10 pp of 40 Landrace/Yorkshire sows was studied in their first and second parity in a crossover experiment regarding farrowing environment (crate vs. get-away-pen (GAP)). The behaviour was compared with the...

  10. Observational learning of an acquired maternal behaviour pattern by working dog pups: an alternative training method?

    | Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Rasa, O. A. E.

    95 German shepherd pups from 14 untrained bitches, and 6 bitches trained in the location of narcotics, were either separated from their mothers at 6 weeks (standard raised) or at 3 months of age (extended maternal care). Length of maternal care had no effect on retrieval skills of pups from...

  11. Oxytocin facilitates behavioural, metabolic and physiological adaptations during lactation

    | Contributor(s):: Uvnas-Moberg, K., Johansson, B., Lupoli, B., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    This article aims to propose that oxytocin not only stimulates milk letdown, but also adapts behaviour and physiology to facilitate lactation in mammals, including dairy cattle. Circulating oxytocin as well as neurogenic oxytocin participates in these regulatory processes. In short, oxytocin...

  12. Parental care in free-ranging dogs, Canis familiaris

    | Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.

    Parental care in free-ranging dogs was investigated in Katwa town, India. Six lactating bitches, 4 were monogamous. The gestation period varied from 62 to 65 days. Mean (+or-S.D.) litter size of 5.83 (+or-1.57) with a sex ratio of 1.69:1 in favour of male was recorded in this study. High...

  13. Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience

    | Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.

    The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...

  14. Responses of dairy cows and calves to each other's vocalisations after early separation

    | Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Marchant-Forde, R. M., Weary, D. M.

    Current commercial dairy practice involves the removal of the calf from the dam within the first day of life. Both vocalize after separation. The aim of this study was to determine if cows and calves respond to each other's calls after separation and whether they could distinguish their own...

  15. Sow activity level, frequency of standing-to-lying posture changes and anti-crushing behaviour - within sow-repeatability and interactions with nursing behaviour and piglet performance

    | Contributor(s):: Valros, A., Rundgren, M., Spinka, M., Saloniemi, H., Algers, B.

    Starvation and crushing by the sow are the two main causes of piglet mortality prior to weaning, thus it is obvious that the behaviour of the sow influences piglet survival. In order to increase the understanding of the behavioural mechanisms influencing piglet performance, we recorded...

  16. Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival

    | Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.

    The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...

  17. Sow behaviour involved in the crushing of piglets in outdoor farrowing huts - a brief report

    | Contributor(s):: Vieuille, C., Berger, F., Pape, G. le, Bellanger, D.

    This study focuses on maternal activities involved in the trapping of piglets by the sow's body in outdoor farrowing systems and examine the mother-piglet context leading either to the death of piglets or to their survival. The behaviour of six Large-White x Landrace sows and their litters was...

  18. The influence of rearing on personality ratings of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E.

    Personality traits of 43 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at five zoos in the United Kingdom were assessed. Chimpanzees were categorized into one of three rearing conditions: mother-group-reared (MGR), reared with others but separated from mother (RO), and reared alone for a period of time...

  19. A note on genetic parameters of gilt responses to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hellbrugge, B., Tolle, K. H., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In this study, a response test towards a stockperson was evaluated for improved maternal behaviour and increased piglet survival. Records were available from 638 German Landrace gilts with 860 observations tested for the response to an observer in the familiar environment of the mating centre....

  20. A review of the behavioural and physiological adaptations of hill and lowland breeds of sheep that favour lamb survival

    | Contributor(s):: Dwyer, C. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    Extensively managed animals, often living in harsh and unfavourable environments, need specific adaptations that promote survivability. This is particularly important at parturition and during the neonatal period, when ewe and lamb mortality is highest. To understand the survival adaptations of...