The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19 close

 
You are here: Home / Tags / Maternal behavior / All Categories

Tags: Maternal behavior

All Categories (61-80 of 277)

  1. Observational learning of an acquired maternal behaviour pattern by working dog pups: an alternative training method?

    Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Rasa, O. A. E.

    95 German shepherd pups from 14 untrained bitches, and 6 bitches trained in the location of narcotics, were either separated from their mothers at 6 weeks (standard raised) or at 3 months of age (extended maternal care). Length of maternal care had no effect on retrieval skills of pups from...

  2. Oxytocin facilitates behavioural, metabolic and physiological adaptations during lactation. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Uvnas-Moberg, K., Johansson, B., Lupoli, B., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    This article aims to propose that oxytocin not only stimulates milk letdown, but also adapts behaviour and physiology to facilitate lactation in mammals, including dairy cattle. Circulating oxytocin as well as neurogenic oxytocin participates in these regulatory processes. In short, oxytocin...

  3. Parental care in free-ranging dogs, Canis familiaris

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.

    Parental care in free-ranging dogs was investigated in Katwa town, India. Six lactating bitches, 4 were monogamous. The gestation period varied from 62 to 65 days. Mean (+or-S.D.) litter size of 5.83 (+or-1.57) with a sex ratio of 1.69:1 in favour of male was recorded in this study. High...

  4. Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience

    Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.

    The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...

  5. Responses of dairy cows and calves to each other's vocalisations after early separation

    Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Marchant-Forde, R. M., Weary, D. M.

    Current commercial dairy practice involves the removal of the calf from the dam within the first day of life. Both vocalize after separation. The aim of this study was to determine if cows and calves respond to each other's calls after separation and whether they could distinguish their own...

  6. Sow activity level, frequency of standing-to-lying posture changes and anti-crushing behaviour - within sow-repeatability and interactions with nursing behaviour and piglet performance

    Contributor(s):: Valros, A., Rundgren, M., Spinka, M., Saloniemi, H., Algers, B.

    Starvation and crushing by the sow are the two main causes of piglet mortality prior to weaning, thus it is obvious that the behaviour of the sow influences piglet survival. In order to increase the understanding of the behavioural mechanisms influencing piglet performance, we recorded...

  7. Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival

    Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.

    The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...

  8. Sow behaviour involved in the crushing of piglets in outdoor farrowing huts - a brief report

    Contributor(s):: Vieuille, C., Berger, F., Pape, G. le, Bellanger, D.

    This study focuses on maternal activities involved in the trapping of piglets by the sow's body in outdoor farrowing systems and examine the mother-piglet context leading either to the death of piglets or to their survival. The behaviour of six Large-White x Landrace sows and their litters was...

  9. The genetics of temperament in merino sheep and relationships with lamb survival

    Contributor(s):: Plush, K. J., Hebart, M. L., Brien, F. D., Hynd, P. I.

    Investigations were made into the genetics of several temperament traits in Merino ewes, with particular emphasis on those aspects which might be associated with maternal behaviour at lambing and consequently, the postnatal survival of lambs. If a beneficial relationship between ewe temperament...

  10. The influence of rearing on personality ratings of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E.

    Personality traits of 43 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at five zoos in the United Kingdom were assessed. Chimpanzees were categorized into one of three rearing conditions: mother-group-reared (MGR), reared with others but separated from mother (RO), and reared alone for a period of time...

  11. A note on genetic parameters of gilt responses to humans

    Contributor(s):: Hellbrugge, B., Tolle, K. H., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In this study, a response test towards a stockperson was evaluated for improved maternal behaviour and increased piglet survival. Records were available from 638 German Landrace gilts with 860 observations tested for the response to an observer in the familiar environment of the mating centre....

  12. A review of the behavioural and physiological adaptations of hill and lowland breeds of sheep that favour lamb survival

    Contributor(s):: Dwyer, C. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    Extensively managed animals, often living in harsh and unfavourable environments, need specific adaptations that promote survivability. This is particularly important at parturition and during the neonatal period, when ewe and lamb mortality is highest. To understand the survival adaptations of...

  13. Behaviour of Zebu and crossbred cows in restricted suckling groups. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Das, S. M., Redbo, I., Wiktorsson, H.

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether Zebu (Bos indicus) and crossbred (Bos indicus x Bos taurus) cows differ in maternal related behaviour during restricted group suckling. The behaviours of 20 Zebu and 16 crossbred cows were recorded during two 30-min sessions each day after milking...

  14. Behavioural interactions between West African dwarf nanny goats and their twin-born kids during the first 48 h post-partum

    Contributor(s):: Awotwi, E. K., Oppong-Anane, K., Addae, P. C., Oddoye, E. O. K.

    West African dwarf nanny goats and their twin-born kids were tested to determine their behavioural response to separation and their mutual recognition during the first 48 h post-partum. Does and their kids were given scores ranging from 1 to 5, depending on how they performed in the tests....

  15. Behavioural relationships between Djallonke and Sahellian ewes and their lambs during the first 24 h post-partum

    Contributor(s):: Asante, Y. A., Oppong-Anane, K., Awotwi, E. K.

    Djallonke, Sahellian crossbred ewes and their lambs were tested to find out their behavioural response to separation and their mutual recognition within the first 24 h post-partum. To determine whether age, sex, birth weight of lambs and parity of dams had an effect on these post-partum...

  16. Ewes are more attentive to their offspring experiencing pain but not stress

    Contributor(s):: Hild, S., Clark, C. C. A., Dwyer, C. M., Murrell, J. C., Mendl, M., Zanella, A. J.

    The goal of this experiment was to detect if maternal care by ewes could be effective in mitigating psychological or physiological stress or pain in their offspring. We hypothesised that ewes are able to recognise when their offspring undergo an adverse experience and will adapt their maternal...

  17. Genetic and environmental effects on piglet survival and maternal behaviour of the farrowing sow

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Jarvis, S., Sherwood, L., Farish, M., Roehe, R., Lawrence, A. B., Edwards, S. A.

    There is growing external pressure to abolish the farrowing crate, however alternative farrowing systems need to equal or surpass the performance (i.e. piglet survival) of more restrictive systems. In order to achieve consistent improvement in piglet survival genetic selection strategies...

  18. Maternal behavior in mice selected for large litter size

    Contributor(s):: Chiang, C. F., Johnson, R. K., Nielsen, M. K.

    A total of 96 lactating mice and their pups from each of 3 replications of lines selected 21 generations for increased litter size (LS) followed by 23-25 generations of random selection and contemporary unselected control lines (LC) were characterized for maternal behaviour. 16 dams and their...

  19. Maternal behaviour of domestic sows and crosses between domestic sows and wild boar

    Contributor(s):: Gustafsson, M., Jensen, P., Jonge, F. H. de, Illmann, G., Spinka, M.

    Maternal behaviour was compared in 7 (Yorkshire x Dutch Landrace) x Yorkshire sows (domestic) and 7 (Yorkshire x Dutch Landrace) x wild boar sows (wild-type) before and up to 3 weeks after farrowing. All sows were primiparous and were maintained in an outdoor system with farrowing huts containing...

  20. Parturient behaviour and offspring-directed aggression in farmed wild boar of three genetic lines

    Contributor(s):: Harris, M. J., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H. W.

    Twenty-four primiparous farmed wild boar females of three genetic lines (SD, San Diego; PK, Peter Kalden; S, Scandinavian) were videotaped before and during parturition; production data were also recorded. Sows were housed in individual, well-strawed pens measuring 3.05 m x 1.52 m. The duration...