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  1. How much confidence do we need in animal experiments? Statistical assumptions in sample size estimation

    Contributor(s):: Richter, Veronika, Muche, Rainer, Mayer, Benjamin

    Statistical sample size calculation is a crucial part of planning nonhuman animal experiments in basic medical research. The 3R principle intends to reduce the number of animals to a sufficient minimum. When planning experiments, one may consider the impact of less rigorous assumptions during...

  2. Detecting autocorrelation problems from GPS collar data in livestock studies

    Contributor(s):: Perotto-Baldivieso, Humberto Lauro, Cooper, Susan Margaret, Cibils, Andrés Francisco, Figueroa-Pagán, Manuel, Udaeta, Karen, Black-Rubio, Christina Michelle

    Uneven use of grasslands and savannas by livestock has a significant impact on ecosystem productivity, biodiversity, and function. In studies of livestock distribution, global positioning systems (GPS) collars are frequently used and the rapid rate of technological improvement has brought new...

  3. Detecting autocorrelation problems from GPS collar data in livestock studies

    Contributor(s):: Perotto-Baldivieso, Humberto Lauro, Cooper, Susan Margaret, Cibils, Andrés Francisco, Figueroa-Pagán, Manuel, Udaeta, Karen, Black-Rubio, Christina Michelle

    Uneven use of grasslands and savannas by livestock has a significant impact on ecosystem productivity, biodiversity, and function. In studies of livestock distribution, global positioning systems (GPS) collars are frequently used and the rapid rate of technological improvement has brought new...

  4. Effects of size distribution on social interactions and growth of juvenile black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii)

    Contributor(s):: Guo, Haoyu, Zhang, Xiumei, Johnsson, Jörgen I.

    Growth heterogeneity in rearing groups may complicate feeding operations and inducing cannibalism in cultured fish. To reduce these problems size grading has become a common rearing practice. To better understand the relationship between size grading and growth variation in cultured juvenile...

  5. Pets enhance antidepressant pharmacotherapy effects in patients with treatment resistant major depressive disorder

    Contributor(s):: Mota Pereira, J., Fonte, D.

  6. Commentary on: How Schools Enhance the Development of Young People’s Resilience, by Ungar, Connelly, Liebenberg, and Theron, 2017

    Contributor(s):: Arat, Gizem, Wong, Paul W. C.

  7. Learning arithmetic outdoors in junior high school – influence on performance and self-regulating skills

    Contributor(s):: Emilia Fägerstam, Joakim Samuelsson

    This study aims to explore the influence of outdoor teaching among students, aged 13, on arithmetic performance and self-regulation skills as previous research concerning outdoor mathematics learning is limited. This study had a quasi-experimental design. An outdoor and a traditional group...

  8. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  9. Behavioral ecology of captive species: using bibliographic information to assess pet suitability of mammal species

    Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Mol, R. M. de, Ipema, B.

    Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...

  10. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  11. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  12. Effects of horseback riding exercise therapy on hormone levels in elderly persons

    Contributor(s):: Sung-Hyoun, Cho, Jin-Woo, Kim, Seon-Rye, Kim, Byung-Jun, Cho

  13. Effects of horse-riding exercise on balance, gait, and activities of daily living in stroke patients

    Contributor(s):: Yong-Nam, Kim, Dong-Kyu, Lee

  14. The influence of horseback riding training on the physical function and psychological problems of stroke patients

    Contributor(s):: Dong-Kyu, L. E. E., Eun-Kyung, K. I. M.

  15. Hippotherapy as a treatment for socialization after sexual abuse and emotional stress

    Contributor(s):: Guerino, Marcelo R., Briel, Alysson F., Rodrigues AraÚJo, Maria Das GraÇAs

  16. To What Extent Can the Use of a Mobility Assistance Dog Reduce Upper Limb Efforts When Manual Wheelchair Users Ascend a Ramp?

    Contributor(s):: Martin-Lemoyne, Valérie, Gagnon, Dany H., Routhier, François, Poissant, Lise, Tousignant, Michel, Corriveau, Hélène, Vincent, Claude

  17. Effects of hippotherapy on postural stability in cerebral palsy: report of a case

    Contributor(s):: Fernández-Gutiérrez, C., Apolo-Arenas, M. D., Martínez-García, Y., Caña-Pino, A.

  18. “My pet has passed”: Relations of adult attachment styles and current feelings of grief and trauma after the event

    Contributor(s):: Brown, Olivia K., Symons, Douglas K.

  19. Grief following pet and human loss: Closeness is key

    Contributor(s):: Eckerd, Lizabeth M., Barnett, James E., Jett-Dias, Latishia

  20. Evaluation of 9,10 anthraquinone application to pre-seed set sunflowers for repelling blackbirds

    Contributor(s):: Niner, Megan D., Linz, George M., Clark, Mark E.