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  1. Animal welfare volunteers: who are they and why do they do what they do?

    Contributor(s):: Neumann, S. L.

    Although the volunteerism literature has grown in recent years, our understanding of those who volunteer to help non-human animals rather than humans is lacking. In light of the continuing difficulty animal shelters face in recruiting and retaining volunteers, a better understanding is long...

  2. Attachment to pet dogs and depression in rural older adults

    Contributor(s):: Miltiades, H., Shearer, J.

    The purpose of this study was to learn more about the relationship between pet attachment, the ability to care for a pet, and depression in older adults. One hundred and seventeen Caucasian, older, adult dog owners in rural, south-central Pennsylvania were recruited using non-random sampling...

  3. Comparison of the short-term effects of horse trekking and exercising with a riding simulator on autonomic nervous activity

    Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Nagai, N., Funatsu, A., Irimajiri, M., Yamazaki, A., Hodate, K.

    The aim of this study was to determine whether sympathetic and/or parasympathetic nervous activities were altered after horse trekking (HT) and exercise with a riding simulator (RS). Changes in heart rate variability (HRV), salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity, and psychological states were...

  4. Effects of having pets at home on children's attitudes toward popular and unpopular animals

    Contributor(s):: Prokop, P., Tunnicliffe, S. D.

    Having pets at home provides various social, health, and educational benefits to children. The question of how keeping pets at home affects the attitudes of children toward wild animals still has not been answered, due to various methodological issues, such as ignorance of some attitude...

  5. Relationships between cat lovers and feral cats in Rome

    Contributor(s):: Natoli, E., Ferrari, M., Bolletti, E., Pontier, D.

    The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between cat lovers and feral cats in Rome. One hundred and fifty-eight cats from 3 populations were observed for 1108 hours of data collection: some demographic characteristics of the colonies were investigated, together with the behavior of...

  6. An illustration that statistical design mitigates environmental variation and ensures unambiguous study conclusions

    Contributor(s):: Gore, K. H., Stanley, P. J.

    This paper highlights the essential need for appropriate statistical design and randomisation in laboratory animal studies. Using an example of a 21 day weight gain study in mice, we show that without the use of an appropriate statistical design and randomisation, incorrect conclusions may have...

  7. Can environmental variables replace some animal-based parameters in welfare assessment of dairy cows?

    Contributor(s):: Mulleder, C., Troxler, J., Laaha, G., Waiblinger, S.

    Animal-related parameters best fulfil the requirements of a valid welfare assessment, but often they are less feasible than other parameters. Therefore, this paper examines whether animal-based parameters are connected with each other and with environmental factors in order to find out if some...

  8. Can we really measure animal quality of life? Methodologies for measuring quality of life in people and other animals

    Contributor(s):: Scott, E. M., Nolan, A. M., Reid, J., Wiseman-Orr, M. L.

    Quality of life (QoL) is an abstract construct that has been formally recognised and widely used in human medicine. In recent years, QoL has received increasing attention in animal and veterinary sciences, and the measurement of QoL has been a focus of research in both the human and animal...

  9. Causes of pre-slaughter mortality in Danish slaughter pigs with special emphasis on transport

    Contributor(s):: Gade, B. P., Christensen, L., Baltzer, M., Petersen, V. J.

    Annual statistics for transport and lairage mortality were used to investigate factors leading to pre-slaughter mortality in Danish pigs. A subset of material from 2002, amounting to 17.8 million pigs, was used for a more detailed study of the effect of producer, haulier, abattoir and transport...

  10. Classifying the severity of scientific animal use: a review of international systems

    Contributor(s):: Fenwick, N., Ormandy, E., Gauthier, C., Griffin, G.

    Severity classification systems (ie pain scales, categories of invasiveness, degrees of severity etc) are used to classify the adverse effects experienced by animals used for scientific purposes. Currently, eleven countries use severity classification systems. These systems have developed in...

  11. Corticosterone differences rather than social housing predict performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Fitchett, A. E., Barnard, C. J., Cassaday, H. J.

    This study examined the effects of social housing manipulations on bodyweight, corticosterone levels, and performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice. Males that adopted a dominant social rank were heavier than those that adopted a subordinate social rank. Dominant males also had lower...

  12. Immediate immobilisation of a Minke whale using a grenade harpoon requires striking a restricted target area

    Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Butterworth, A.

    Approximately 1500 Minke whales are killed annually under permit from the International Whaling Commission (IWC). This hunt supports a modest industry in Norway and in Japan; however, the welfare of whales during hunting and killing is such a cause of concern that in 1980 the IWC formed a...

  13. Meta-analysis - a systematic and quantitative review of animal experiments to maximise the information derived

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Meta-analysis provides a tool to statistically aggregate data from existing randomised controlled animal experiments. The results can then be summarised across a range of conditions and an increased pool of experimental data can be subjected to statistical analysis. New information can be...

  14. On-farm welfare assessment in cattle: validity, reliability and feasibility issues and future perspectives with special regard to the Welfare QualityReg. approach

    Contributor(s):: Knierim, U., Winckler, C.

    This paper discusses the current state of development of on-farm cattle welfare assessment systems with special regard to the approach of Welfare QualityReg. that focuses on animal-related measures. The central criteria validity, reliability and feasibility are considered with regard to selected...

  15. Reducing the number of animals used in behavioural genetic experiments using chromosome substitution strains

    Contributor(s):: Laarakker, M. C., Ohl, F., Lith, H. A. van

    Chromosome substitution strains (also called consomic lines or strains) are strains in which a single, full-length chromosome from one inbred strain - the donor strain - has been transferred onto the genetic background of a second inbred strain - the host strain. Based on the results obtained...

  16. Short as well as long transport duration can affect the welfare of slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Werner, C., Reiners, K., Wicke, M.

    Attention to the welfare of animals during slaughter transport and lairage at the abattoir is important not only to consumers, but also to the meat production industry. Inadequate transport conditions can result in higher animal mortalities and meat quality problems after slaughter of such...

  17. Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia

    Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...

  18. The effect of breeding schemes on the genetic response of canine hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, behaviour traits and appearance

    Contributor(s):: Maki, K., Liinamo, A. E., Groen, A. F., Bijma, P., Ojala, M.

    Current dog breeding programmes must be changed if genetic improvement in health and behaviour traits is to be achieved. A computer simulation programme was used to assess the possible genetic improvement in hip dysplasia (HD), elbow dysplasia (ED) and behaviour (BE) traits in a dog population...

  19. The effect of management system on mortality and other welfare indicators in Pennsylvania dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Dechow, C. D., Smith, E. A., Goodling, R. C.

    The objective of this study was to identify farm characteristics that were associated with cow (Bos taurus) welfare outcomes, including mortality rate, culling by 60 days of lactation, survival to >=6 years of age and >=5th parity (aged cows), somatic cell score, milk yield, and milk composition....

  20. The use of conjoint analysis to determine the importance of factors that affect on-farm welfare of the dairy cow

    Contributor(s):: Angus, L. J., Bowen, H., Gill, L. A. S., Knowles, T. G., Butterworth, A.

    A large range of variables can affect the welfare of the dairy cow, making it difficult to assess the overall 'level of welfare' of the individual animal. Two groups of individuals completed a questionnaire based upon the 'five freedoms': 26 respondents had expertise either in the field of dairy...