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  1. Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition

    Contributor(s):: Létang, Benoit, Mulot, Baptiste, Alerte, Vanessa, Bionda, Thomas, Britton, Lisa, ter Meulen, Tjerk, Szánthó, János, Guéry, Jean-Pascal, Sueur, Cédric

  2. [Etiologies of cerebral palsy and classical treatment possibilities]

    Contributor(s):: Maurer, U.

  3. Preference of white-tailed deer for corn hybrids and agricultural husbandry practices during the growing season

    Contributor(s):: Delger, J. A., Monteith, K. L., Schmitz, L. E., Jenks, J. A.

  4. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  5. PulseBeats

  6. The effect of physical contact between dairy cows and calves during separation on their post-separation behavioural response

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Ellingsen, K., Grondahl, A. M., Boe, K. E., Lidfors, L., Mejdell, C. M.

    Premature breaking of the maternal bond between a cow and her calf triggers a strong behavioural response which renders separation and weaning major welfare challenges in suckling systems. Fence-line separation and weaning allowing physical contact has been evaluated for beef cattle and is...

  7. Killing of spent laying hens using CO 2 in poultry barns

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Yngvesson, J., Nimmermark, S., Sandstrom, V., Algers, B.

    In Sweden, laying hens are killed using the following methods: (i) traditional slaughter; (ii) on-farm with CO 2 in a mobile container combined with a grinder; or (iii) with CO 2 inside the barn. The number of hens killed using the latter method has increased. During these killings a veterinarian...

  8. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  9. Complications during shechita and halal slaughter without stunning in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G., Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Fielding, H. R., Gibson, T. J., Mirabito, L., Kolesar, R.

  10. The lion of Bubasteion to Saqqara (Egypt).An uncommon mummy among mummies of cats

    Contributor(s):: Callou, Cecile, Lichtenberg, Roger, Hennet, Philippe, Samzun, Anaick, Zivie, Alain

  11. The relationships between motor lateralization, salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Batt, L. S., Batt, M. S., Baguley, J. A., McGreevy, P. D.

    The degree of lateralization (LI) indicates both the direction and strength of a paw preference. Here, a positive value is indicative of a right paw bias, and a negative value of a left paw bias. Higher numbers on the positive side of the scale and lower numbers on the negative side of the...

  12. Equoterapia: Suas repercussões nas relações familiares da criança com atraso de desenvolvimento por prematuridade

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Fonsêca de Queiroz Marcelino, Zélia Maria de Melo

  13. Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards

    | Contributor(s):: Prache, S.

    Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...

  14. Effects of cage-cleaning frequency on laboratory rat reproduction, cannibalism, and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Mason, G. J.

    Regular cage-cleaning is important for health, but for breeding rats it disrupts the nest and removes olfactory signals important for parental care. To investigate how different cage-cleaning frequencies affect breeding rats' health and welfare, we monitored reproductive output, pup mortality,...

  15. Training veterinary students in animal behavior to preserve the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Sherman, B. L., Serpell, J. A.

    Knowledge of animal behavior is an extremely important component of modern veterinary practice. Appreciation of species-typical behavior helps to ensure that veterinary patients are handled safely and humanely, and plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of health and welfare problems in animals,...

  16. Feeding station behaviour of ewes in response to forage availability and sward phenological stage

    | Contributor(s):: Roguet, C., Prache, S., Petit, M.

    The changes in the feeding station (FS) behaviour of sheep during the grazing down of swards, and the effect of the phenological stage of grass on grazing within and moving between FSs, were studied. Two cocksfoot sward structures, vegetative and reproductive, were compared under rotational...

  17. Effect of low densities of senescent stems in crested wheatgrass on plant selection and utilization by beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Ganskopp, D., Angell, R., Rose, J.

    In field experiments carried out at Burns, Oregon in 1990 on a 19-year-old pasture of Agropyron desertorum mixed with Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis, tussocks were augmented with 1, 2 or 3 cured post-reproductive stems/dmsuperscript 2 basal area; 2 cows grazed for 6 d. In one plot...

  18. Choice of sheep and cattle between vegetative and reproductive cocksfoot patches

    | Contributor(s):: Dumont, B., Petit, M., D'Hour, P.

    Unexploited reproductive areas appear in pastures when grazing pressure is low. Influence of sward height and starvation on the ability of sheep and cattle to feed on areas of low-quality highly available forage was studied. Preference and rate of biting of 1-year-old ewes and 18-month-old...

  19. Relationship between plant maturity and foraging experience of lambs grazing hycrest crested wheatgrass

    | Contributor(s):: Flores, E. R., Provenza, F. D., Balph, D. F.

    The ingestive behaviour of 8-week-old lambs experienced with hycrest crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum X Agropyron desertorum) or the shrub serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) was compared when they grazed on monocultures of vegetative or flowering hycrest crested wheatgrass growing in...

  20. The usefulness of grazing tests for studying the ability of sheep and cattle to exploit reproductive patches of pastures

    | Contributor(s):: Dumont, B., D'Hour, P., Petit, M.

    The grazing choices of heifers and ewes on cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata) plots, half vegetative and half reproductive in area, with vegetative swards at 7 (T7), 11 (T11) or 18 cm (T18) were recorded over a whole day or during 30-min tests. Preferences were defined as the proportion of grazing...