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  1. [Etiologies of cerebral palsy and classical treatment possibilities]

    Contributor(s):: Maurer, U.

  2. Preference of white-tailed deer for corn hybrids and agricultural husbandry practices during the growing season

    Contributor(s):: Delger, J. A., Monteith, K. L., Schmitz, L. E., Jenks, J. A.

  3. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  4. PulseBeats

  5. The effect of physical contact between dairy cows and calves during separation on their post-separation behavioural response

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Ellingsen, K., Grondahl, A. M., Boe, K. E., Lidfors, L., Mejdell, C. M.

    Premature breaking of the maternal bond between a cow and her calf triggers a strong behavioural response which renders separation and weaning major welfare challenges in suckling systems. Fence-line separation and weaning allowing physical contact has been evaluated for beef cattle and is...

  6. Killing of spent laying hens using CO 2 in poultry barns

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Yngvesson, J., Nimmermark, S., Sandstrom, V., Algers, B.

    In Sweden, laying hens are killed using the following methods: (i) traditional slaughter; (ii) on-farm with CO 2 in a mobile container combined with a grinder; or (iii) with CO 2 inside the barn. The number of hens killed using the latter method has increased. During these killings a veterinarian...

  7. Critical care and survival of fragile animals: the case of Prrxl1 knockout mice

    Contributor(s):: Monteiro, C., Dourado, M., Matos, M., Duarte, I., Lamas, S., Galhardo, V., Lima, D.

    The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...

  8. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  9. Extensive human presence at an early age of ostriches improves the docility of birds at a later stage of life

    Contributor(s):: Bonato, M., Malecki, I. A., Wang, M. D., Cloete, S. W. P.

  10. Complications during shechita and halal slaughter without stunning in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G., Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Fielding, H. R., Gibson, T. J., Mirabito, L., Kolesar, R.

  11. The lion of Bubasteion to Saqqara (Egypt).An uncommon mummy among mummies of cats

    Contributor(s):: Callou, Cecile, Lichtenberg, Roger, Hennet, Philippe, Samzun, Anaick, Zivie, Alain

  12. The relationships between motor lateralization, salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Batt, L. S., Batt, M. S., Baguley, J. A., McGreevy, P. D.

    The degree of lateralization (LI) indicates both the direction and strength of a paw preference. Here, a positive value is indicative of a right paw bias, and a negative value of a left paw bias. Higher numbers on the positive side of the scale and lower numbers on the negative side of the scale...

  13. Equoterapia: Suas repercussões nas relações familiares da criança com atraso de desenvolvimento por prematuridade

    Contributor(s):: Juliana Fonsêca de Queiroz Marcelino, Zélia Maria de Melo

  14. Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards

    Contributor(s):: Prache, S.

    Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...

  15. Effects of cage-cleaning frequency on laboratory rat reproduction, cannibalism, and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Mason, G. J.

    Regular cage-cleaning is important for health, but for breeding rats it disrupts the nest and removes olfactory signals important for parental care. To investigate how different cage-cleaning frequencies affect breeding rats' health and welfare, we monitored reproductive output, pup mortality,...

  16. Indicators of age, body size and sex in goat kid calls revealed using the source-filter theory

    Contributor(s):: Briefer, E., McElligott, A. G.

    The source-filter theory is an important framework recently applied to the study of animal vocalisations, which links the mode of vocal production to call parameters. Vocalisations can be good indicators of a sender's characteristics, such as identity, body size, age, and even hormonal status and...

  17. Obedience training effects on search dog performance

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, M. B., Friend, T., Haug, L.

    Competent search dogs should be accurate, reliable, and work independently, yet be responsive to handler commands. The aim of this study was to identify training factors that contribute to producing competent search dogs. Demographics, obedience training methods, the age training was initiated,...

  18. Training veterinary students in animal behavior to preserve the human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Sherman, B. L., Serpell, J. A.

    Knowledge of animal behavior is an extremely important component of modern veterinary practice. Appreciation of species-typical behavior helps to ensure that veterinary patients are handled safely and humanely, and plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of health and welfare problems in animals,...

  19. Feeding station behaviour of ewes in response to forage availability and sward phenological stage

    Contributor(s):: Roguet, C., Prache, S., Petit, M.

    The changes in the feeding station (FS) behaviour of sheep during the grazing down of swards, and the effect of the phenological stage of grass on grazing within and moving between FSs, were studied. Two cocksfoot sward structures, vegetative and reproductive, were compared under rotational...

  20. Effect of low densities of senescent stems in crested wheatgrass on plant selection and utilization by beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Ganskopp, D., Angell, R., Rose, J.

    In field experiments carried out at Burns, Oregon in 1990 on a 19-year-old pasture of Agropyron desertorum mixed with Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis, tussocks were augmented with 1, 2 or 3 cured post-reproductive stems/dmsuperscript 2 basal area; 2 cows grazed for 6 d. In one plot...