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  1. Subjective methods of quantifying temperament in heifers are indicative of physiological stress

    Contributor(s):: Parham, Jamie T., Blevins, Sarah R., Tanner, Amy E., Wahlberg, Mark L., Swecker, William S., Lewis, Ronald M.

  2. Continuous and Real-Time In Vivo Autobioluminescent Imaging in a Mouse Model

    Contributor(s):: Yip, D., Kirkpatrick, A., Xu, T., Masi, T., Stephenson, S., Ripp, S., Close, D.

  3. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  4. Pets and Loneliness: Examining the Efficacy of a Popular Measurement Instrument

    Contributor(s):: Gilbey, Andrew, Tani, Kawtar

    The revised version of the UCLA-Loneliness Scale has been widely used to investigate the effect of pet ownership on human loneliness. This paper reports three tests of its efficacy for this purpose: 1) a qualitative evaluation of the 20 UCLA-LS items, which concluded that only 6/20 items were...

  5. Predicting sleep and lying time of calves with a support vector machine classifier using accelerometer data

    Contributor(s):: Hokkanen, Ann-Helena, Hänninen, Laura, Tiusanen, Johannes, Pastell, Matti

    Sleep is essential to calves, but to date the only possibilities for measuring sleep in cattle production systems use ambulatory EEG or validated sleeping behavior assessments. We developed a small, neck-based, wireless accelerometer system for measuring the sleep and lying time of calves. We...

  6. Is laterality adaptive? Pitfalls in disentangling the laterality-performance relationship

    Contributor(s):: Paszulewicz, J., Wolski, P., Gajdek, M.

  7. Comparing the predictive validity of behavioral codings and behavioral ratings in a working-dog breeding program

    Contributor(s):: McGarrity, Monica E., Sinn, David L., Thomas, Scott G., Marti, C. Nathan, Gosling, Samuel D.

    Most working-dog breeding programs have a substantial interest in using behavioral assessments of their young dogs to predict their subsequent success. Different methods of measuring behavior may capture different aspects of behavior yet working-dog programs typically use only a single...

  8. Emotional support animal assessments: Toward a standard and comprehensive model for mental health professionals

    Contributor(s):: Younggren, Jeffrey N., Boness, Cassandra L., Bryant, Leisl M., Koocher, Gerald P.

  9. Analysis of the electromiographic activity of lower limb and motor function in hippotherapy practitioners with cerebral palsy

    Contributor(s):: Ribeiro, M. F., Espindula, A. P., Lage, J. B., Bevilacqua Junior, D. E., Diniz, L. H., Mello, E. C., Ferreira, A. A., Ferraz, M. L. F., Teixeira, V. P. A.

  10. Measuring Human-Animal Attachment in a Large U.S. Survey: Two Brief Measures for Children and Their Primary Caregivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bures, R. M., Mueller, M. K., Gee, N. R.

  11. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  12. Cognitive Bias in Zoo Animals: An Optimistic Outlook for Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Isabella L. K. Clegg

    Cognitive bias testing has emerged as one of the most valid tools in measuring animals’ affective states, and while it has been extensively applied in farm and laboratory settings, only a few studies have taken place in zoos and aquaria. This review evaluates past cognitive bias studies...

  13. Maximum permissible load for Kiso horses trotting over a short, straight course

    | Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Inoue, S., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.

  14. Does a 4–6 Week Shoeing Interval Promote Optimal Foot Balance in the Working Equine?

    | Contributor(s):: Kirsty Lesniak, Jane Williams, Kerry Kuznik, Peter Douglas

    Variation in equine hoof conformation between farriery interventions lacks research, despite associations with distal limb injuries. This study aimed to determine linear and angular hoof variations pre- and post-farriery within a four to six week shoeing/trimming interval. Seventeen hoof and...

  15. The roles animal companions play in middle-aged males' lives: Examining the psychometric properties of a measure assessing males' human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Blazina, Chris, Bartone, Anne S., Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  16. Assessment of tobacco-related approach and attentional biases in smokers, cravers, ex-smokers, and non-smokers

    | Contributor(s):: Woud, Marcella L., Maas, Joyce, Wiers, Reinout W., Becker, Eni S., Rinck, Mike

  17. Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Ruuska, Salla, Kajava, Sari, Mughal, Mikaela, Zehner, Nils, Mononen, Jaakko

    The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...

  18. Automated monitoring of resting in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Clarke, Nancy, Fraser, David

    Dogs may be deprived of adequate rest in certain environments such as noisy shelters or kennels. Accelerometers have been used to assess gross activity in dogs, but do not appear to distinguish simple inactivity from the prone, head-down recumbency that typifies sustained rest in the species. We...

  19. What's love got to do with it? Selecting animals for animal-assisted mental health interventions

    | Contributor(s):: MacNamara, Maureen, Moga, Jeannine, Pachel, Christopher, Fine, Aubrey H.

  20. Validation of a selection protocol of dogs involved in animal-assisted intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, Paolo, Pitteri, Elisa, Adamelli, Serena, Bonichini, Sabrina, Farina, Luca, Marinelli, Lieta