Management strategies in farrowing house to improve piglet pre-weaning survival and growth
Contributor(s):: Vila, R. M., Tummaruk, P.
Post-partum and lactation are the most complex periods in the swine production chain. Newborn pigs are highly vulnerable due to relatively low body weight at birth and physiological immaturity. Most of the management strategies performed in farrowing houses are oriented to ensure a proper level...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)
Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.
This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey
| Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.
Many studies have examined adults' perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears...
Are domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von
Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (Sus...
Test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment protocol for growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Czycholl, I., Kniese, C., Buttner, K., Beilage, E. G., Schrader, L., Krieter, J.
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality Animal Welfare Assessment Protocol for Growing Pigs. Twenty-three German pig farms were visited repeatedly by the same trained observers; each farm being visited six times during two fattening...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?
| Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.
Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...
Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View
| Contributor(s):: Blake Hereth
In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...
Mar 10 2017
26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians
The potential for commercial deer farming in New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Michael P. McIntyre
New Zealand's wild deer herds are sizable and free for the taking, but given this response to the opportunity for free enterprise profits by commercial hunters, and with the realization that bigger markets than that of West Germany might well be opened up, government planners are beginning to...
Canadian producer and citizen perspectives on farm animal welfare : identifying shared and differing values
| Contributor(s):: Jeffrey Michael Spooner
While interest in the “proper” care of food animals dates to early Greece, 20th century cultural developments in the West brought about an explosion of policies and programs intended to ensure suitable care and handling practices for food animals. “Animal welfare”,...
Are domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?
Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs ( Sus...
Mar 11 2016
Wisconsin Dairy & Beef Well-Being Conference
Willed blindness: a discussion of our moral shortcomings in relation to animals
| Contributor(s):: Gjerris, M.
This article describes how we seem to live in a willed blindness towards the effects that our meat production and consumption have on animals, the environment and the climate. A willed blindness that cannot be explained by either lack of knowledge or scientific uncertainty. The blindness enables...
Oct 15 2015
Animal Care and Handling Conference
Pets or Meat
| Contributor(s):: Mary Anne Case
The central question I am interested in exploring in this essay is whether and when commingling commodification with affection can be more problematic than naked commodification. The notion that it is problematic to allow commodification to leach into certain realms thought of as properly the...
An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology
| Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...
Behavioural evaluation of analgesic efficacy for pain mitigation in lame sows
| Contributor(s):: Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Johnson, A. K., Stalder, K. J., Abell, C. A., Karriker, L. A., Coetzee, J. F., Millman, S. T.
Lameness in breeding swine has a large negative economic impact and is a welfare concern. Pain-related behaviour, such as postural changes, may be used to evaluate the presence and severity of pain in animals. The objective of this work was to determine the effects of flunixin meglumine (FM) and...