Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.
Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...
Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale
Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...
Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens
Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.
The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...
Using conjoint analysis to weight broiler welfare variables based on slaughterhouse data
Contributor(s):: Tuunainen, P., Valaja, J., Valkonen, E., Hepola, H.
The Council of the European Union adopted the welfare directive for broiler chickens in 2007 (Commission of the European Communities, 2007). The directive defines minimum demands and objectives for broiler production ranging from stocking density to welfare. This study found that the level of...
The welfare and productivity of dry sows in different group housing systems in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Chidgey, K. L., Morel, P. C. H., Barugh, I. W.
This research aimed to evaluate sow welfare and identify potential welfare compromise in specific group housing systems for sows in New Zealand. The relationship between overall welfare outcome on-farm and sow productivity was also investigated. Twenty commercial farms were chosen to represent...
Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during carbon dioxide gas euthanasia of young pigs
Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during gas euthanasia of young pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Crossbred pigs (390 neonatal and 270 weaned) designated for euthanasia at production farms were randomly assigned...
Docking the value of pigmeat? Prevalence and financial implications of welfare lesions in Irish slaughter pigs
Contributor(s):: Harley, S., Boyle, L. A., O'Connell, N. E., More, S. J., Teixeira, D. L., Hanlon, A.
Expansion of the meat inspection process to incorporate animal-based welfare measurements could contribute towards significant improvements in pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus) welfare and farm profitability. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of different welfare-related lesions on the...
Effect of gestation management system on gilt and piglet performance
Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manzanilla, E. G., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.
Individual gestation housing of pregnant sows in stalls from four weeks after mating is banned in the EU. Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of two gestation management and housing systems (STALL: gilts housed in stalls and PEN: gilts loose-housed in pens with increased feed...
Scientists and Dutch pig farmers in dialogue about tail biting: unravelling the mechanism of multi-stakeholder learning
Contributor(s):: Benard, M., Schuitmaker, T. J., Buning, T. de C.
Pig farmers and scientists appear to have different perspectives and underlying framing on animal welfare issues as tail biting and natural behaviour of pigs. Literature proposes a joint learning process in which a shared vision is developed. Using two different settings, a symposium and...
Attitudes of Canadian pig producers toward animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.
As part of a larger study eliciting Canadian producer and non-producer views about animal welfare, open-ended, semi-structured interviews were used to explore opinions about animal welfare of 20 Canadian pig producers, most of whom were involved in confinement-based systems. With the exception of...
BIOETHICS SYMPOSIUM II: current factors influencing perceptions of animals and their welfare
Contributor(s):: McKendree, M. G. S., Croney, C. C., Widmar, N. J. O.
To address escalating concerns about livestock animal care and welfare it is necessary to better understand the factors that may predispose people to develop such concerns. It has been hypothesized that experiences with, beliefs about, and emotional connections to animals may influence level of...
Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.
The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig II: management factors
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Rutherford, K. M. D., D'Eath, R. B., Arnott, G., Turner, S. P., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Lawrence, A. B.
Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.
The effect of pre-stun shocks in electrical water-bath stunners on carcase and meat quality in broilers
Contributor(s):: Rao, M. A., Knowles, T. G., Wotton, S. B.
The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig I: biological factors
Contributor(s):: Rutherford, K. M. D., Baxter, E. M., D'Eath, R. B., Turner, S. P., Arnott, G., Roehe, R., Ask, B., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Berg, P., Lawrence, A. B.
Effects of animal-assisted activities with guinea pigs in the primary school classroom
Contributor(s):: O'Haire, M. E., McKenzie, S. J., McCune, S., Slaughter, V.
Public attitudes toward the use of animals in research: effects of invasiveness, genetic modification and regulation
Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E. H., Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.
Painfully aware: the effects of dissonance on attitudes toward factory farming
Contributor(s):: Prunty, J., Apple, K. J.
Immunocastration with Improvac TM reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs
Contributor(s):: Brewster, V., Nevel, A.