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  1. The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)

    Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, A., Brauer, J., Cacchione, T., Zickert, N., Amici, F.

  2. The effects of driving events on the stability and resting behaviour of cattle, young calves and pigs

    Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S., Spence, J. Y.

  3. The effects of sensory functional ingredients on food preferences, intake and weight gain in juvenile pigs

    Contributor(s):: Clouard, C., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Val-Laillet, D.

  4. The introduction of individual goats into small established groups has serious negative effects on the introduced goat but not on resident goats

    Contributor(s):: Patt, A., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hillmann, E., Palme, R., Keil, N. M.

  5. The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health

    Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.

  6. The welfare of low-volume farm animals during transport and at slaughter: a review of current knowledge and recommendations for future research

    Contributor(s):: Bornett-Gauci, H. L. I., Martin, J. E., Arney, D. R.

  7. WSPA and APSRI humane slaughter programme in China: STEPSReg

    Contributor(s):: Zili, J., Kolesar, R.

  8. A novel method for lifting weanling research pigs

    Contributor(s):: Minch, H. N., Berghaus, R. D., Harvey, S. B., Reeves, D. E., Crowell-Davis, S. L.

    It is possible to modify lifting techniques in small laboratory pigs to evoke less of a fear response, strengthen the human-animal bond, and improve welfare. The authors hypothesized that recently weaned pigs lifted with a ventral (belly) scoop method would show less fear of new humans and less...

  9. Effects of early maternal separation of lambs and rearing with minimal and maximal human contact on meat quality

    Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Caroprese, M., Girolami, A., Marino, R., Muscio, A., Sevi, A.

    The present study aims to assess the effect of gentling on behaviour and meat quality of lambs. Thirty-two Comisana lambs were divided into four groups of eight animals: ER (ewe reared), AR (artificially reared) and the corresponding gentled groups ERG and ARG. The provision of human contacts...

  10. Affected ignorance and animal suffering: why our failure to debate factory farming puts us at moral risk

    Contributor(s):: Williams, N. M.

    It is widely recognized that our social and moral environments influence our actions and belief formations. We are never fully immune to the effects of cultural membership. What is not clear, however, is whether these influences excuse average moral agents who fail to scrutinize conventional...

  11. Animal agriculture: symbiosis, culture, or ethical conflict? (Animals and their welfare)

    Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Olsson, I. A. S.

    Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture which they consider an unethical exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands of years, that has affected biology and behaviour on...

  12. Consumer attitudes towards the development of animal-friendly husbandry systems

    Contributor(s):: Frewer, L. J., Kole, A., Kroon, S. M. A. van de, Lauwere, C. de

    Recent policy developments in the area of livestock husbandry have suggested that, from the perspective of optimizing animal welfare, new animal husbandry systems should be developed that provide opportunities for livestock animals to be raised in environments where they are permitted to engage...

  13. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  14. Impact of animal welfare on costs and viability of pig production in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Bornett, H. L. I., Guy, J. H., Cain, P. J.

    The European Union welfare standards for intensively kept pigs have steadily increased over the past few years and are proposed to continue in the future. It is important that the cost implications of these changes in welfare standards are assessed. The aim of this study was to determine the...

  15. Societal concerns about pork and pork production and their relationships to the production system

    Contributor(s):: Kanis, E., Groen, A. F., Greef, K. H. de

    This paper examines the aspects of modern pigmeat production systems that give rise to concerns within various groups of actors and thereby affect the acceptability of pigmeat by these groups in western Europe. A brief description of a present day pigmeat production system and the actors involved...

  16. The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...

  17. A longitudinal study of the effects of providing straw at different stages of life on tail-biting and other behaviour in commercially housed pigs

    Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Mendl, M.

    Tail-biting (TB) is a welfare concern. Recent studies indicate that early provision of straw may help prevent TB, however, many of these studies were carried out on small groups of pigs and may have limited applicability to commercial farms. The effect of providing straw at different stages of...

  18. Agonistic behaviour after mixing in pigs under commercial farm conditions

    Contributor(s):: Stukenborg, A., Traulsen, I., Puppe, B., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    The aim of the study was to investigate agonistic behaviour of pigs after regrouping pigs under commercial sow farm conditions. The behavioural patterns were observed over a 48-h period, directly after weaning (PIG-28; n=647) and 40 days later (growing pigs, PIG-68; n=224). Agonistic interactions...

  19. Altered aggression in different sized groups of crayfish supports a dynamic social behaviour model

    Contributor(s):: Patullo, B. W., Baird, H. P., Macmillan, D. L.

    Living in groups with conspecifics can increase an animal's fitness in the wild. A social environment may also be imposed by commercial farming industries. One important measure of competition and group dynamics is the level of aggressive interaction. This can also influence the level of damage...

  20. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...