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  1. Influences of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Episodic Memory in Patients with Acquired Brain Injuries

    Contributor(s):: Theis, Felicitas, Luck, Frank, Hund-Georgiadis, Margret, Hediger, Karin

  2. Two assays of working memory in companion dogs: The holeboard and disappearing object tasks

    Contributor(s):: Smith, Melissa, Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Michael

  3. Canine-Assisted Interviews Bolster Informativeness for Negative Autobiographical Memories

    Contributor(s):: Capparelli, A. L., Miller, Q. C., Wright, D. B., London, K.

    2020Psychol Rep1231159-1780033-294110.1177/0033294119851803engDepartment of Psychology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.Adler Graduate School of Education, Redwood City, CA, USA.text

  4. Therapy Dogs Improve Student Affect but Not Memory

    Contributor(s):: Trammell, Janet P.

    While students are increasingly struggling with anxiety and depression, the effects of therapy dogs on student stress has only recently been explored. This study was conducted to investigate whether therapy dogs can improve student affect and to determine if these benefits extend to cognition in...

  5. The Effect of Therapy Dogs on Exam Stress and Memory

    Contributor(s):: Trammell, Janet P.

    Therapy dogs have been shown in many different situations to reduce stress and improve outcomes, but their effects on academic performance are unknown. I hypothesized that interaction with therapy dogs prior to exams would reduce stress in students and improve exam scores. In study 1,...

  6. Does Physical Contact with a Dog or Person Affect Performance of a Working Memory Task?

    Contributor(s):: Gee, Nancy R., Friedmann, Erika, Coglitore, Victoria, Fisk, Amy, Stendahl, Marcus

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also exam- ined...

  7. Emotional contagion in dogs as measured by change in cognitive task performance

    Contributor(s):: Sümegi, Zsófia, Oláh, Katalin, Topál, József

    Domestic dogs are living with humans in a very special inter-species relationship. Previous studies have shown physiological and hormonal synchronisation between dogs and their owners during positive interaction. Dogs are also known to be able to discriminate human emotions and they were also...

  8. Effect of genetic homogeneity on behavioural variability in an object recognition test in cloned Göttingen minipigs

    Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Lene Vammen, Herskin, Mette S., Ladewig, Jan, Holm, Ida Elisabeth, Dagnæs-Hansen, Frederik

    The number of animals used in research should be limited as much as possible. Among cloned animals, genetic variation is minimal and to the extent that behaviour is genetically determined inter-individual variability is expected to be higher among naturally bred animals. However, the cloning...

  9. The effect of frequency and duration of training sessions on acquisition and long-term memory in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Demant, Helle, Ladewig, Jan, Balsby, Thorsten J. S., Dabelsteen, Torben

    Most domestic dogs are subjected to some kind of obedience training, often on a frequent basis, but the question of how often and for how long a dog should be trained has not been fully investigated. Optimizing the training as much as possible is not only an advantage in the training of working...

  10. Female and male pigs’ performance in a spatial holeboard and judgment bias task

    Contributor(s):: Roelofs, Sanne, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    Studies of the cognitive abilities of pigs are increasing in number, due to their relevance for the fields of animal welfare and biomedical research. While both female and male pigs have been used in cognitive tasks, possible sex differences in performance have not yet received extensive...

  11. Use of a maze test to assess spatial learning and memory in cattle: Can cattle traverse a complex maze?

    Contributor(s):: Hirata, Masahiko, Tomita, Chihiro, Yamada, Karin

    Maze tests were conducted to assess spatial learning and memory in Japanese Black cows (Bos taurus). The test arena (14×14m) was designed so that it could contain no maze or one of four different mazes of increasing complexity (L1–L4 mazes), with a food reward at the opposite end of the release...

  12. Pet memoirs: The characteristics of event memories in cats and dogs, as reported by their owners

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, Amy, Berntsen, Dorthe

    The case for episodic memory in non-human animals has been intensely debated. Although a variety of paradigms have shown elements of episodic memory in non-human animals, research has focused on rodents, birds and primates, using standardized experimental designs, limiting the types of events...

  13. Effects of accelerated human music on learning and memory performance of rats

    Contributor(s):: Korsós, Gabriella, Horváth, Krisztina, Lukács, Anita, Vezér, Tünde, Glávits, Róbert, Fodor, Kinga, Fekete, Sándor György

    A total of forty, 7-week-old male rats were exposed to the 'rodentized' version (twice as fast as and one octave higher than the original) of Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D major for ten minutes a day for 10 weeks. One group (10 rats) received the musical stimuli before ('B'), another during...

  14. Study into long-term memory of a complex learning task in Shetland ponies (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Gabor, Vivian, Gerken, Martina

    Three Shetland ponies were tested in memorizing a quantity discrimination task with a computer based learning device. One year before, they had learned to relate a quantity of geometric symbols to another on a computer flat screen presented in a matching to sample design. All three of the ponies...

  15. The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, Enikő Kubinyi

    Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...

  16. Koira-avusteinen toiminta muistisairaiden hoidossa hoitajien kokemana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiina Voutilainen

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää, millaista hyötyä muistisairaiden asukkaiden hoitajat kokevat koira-avusteisesta toiminnasta olevan asukkaille ja millaista hyötyä siitä on muistisairaiden asukkaiden hoitotyössä....

  17. Iltapäivän iloa! : Viriketuokio seniorikodin asukkaille

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maaria Kestilä, Niina Pikkumäki

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä kuvataan viriketoiminnan merkitystä pitkäaikaishoidossa oleville vanhuksille ja heidän hyvinvoinnilleen. Raportti kertoo projektista, jossa toteutettiin viriketuokio seniorikeskuksen asukkaille. Tuokion avulla pyrittiin ilahduttamaan...

  18. Disparities in activity levels and learning ability between Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) and Roborovskii hamster (Phodopus roborovskii)

    | Contributor(s):: Hiromi Ikeda, Mao Nagasawa, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Kimie Minaminaka, Ryosei Goda, Vishwajit S. Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse

    The Djungarian hamster and the Roborovskii hamster belong to the same genus of Phodopus. However, the Djungarian hamster is tame and shows sedative behavior, while Roborovskii hamster is not tame and shows high levels of locomotor activity. Hyperactivity occurs in animals with tameless behavior....

  19. The Theoretical Application and Comparison of the Olfactory Sensory Organs in Swine vs Canines for Accelerant and Explosives Detection

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi M. Sigler

    Swine may be able to work alongside scent detection canines, or replace them completely, in the scent detection field. Miniature pigs are the focus of this study since their larger counterparts can cause damage to potential evidence and to the scene itself. Ignitable Liquid Residues (ILRs) are...

  20. Blockade of histone deacetylation in the brain modulates the expression of transcription factors c-FOS and ZENK and potentiates the formation of long-term memory in neonatal chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Toporova, K. A., Anokhin, K. V., Tiunova, A. A.