Describing the ideal Australian companion dog
Contributor(s):: King, T., Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.
Dogs have had a long association with humans and are believed to be the first domesticated animal species. Many breeds of dog exist today which vary considerably in physical appearance and temperament. These differences have arisen primarily from selective pressures imposed by humans to create...
Heal yourself, doggy style: and live to age 700 (in dog years)
Contributor(s):: Kita, J.
Women, money, and friends come and go, but dogs are forever
Contributor(s):: Thornton, J.
Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital
Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.
Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...
A comparison of empathy for humans and empathy for animals
Contributor(s):: Angantyr, M., Eklund, J., Hansen, E. M.
Although there is a substantial body of research on inter-human empathy and inter-animal empathy, there is a dearth of research comparing humans' empathic reactions to humans and animals. To address this issue, three experiments were conducted in which participants read a scenario about a human...
Looking for an ideal horse: rider preferences
Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Chruszczewski, M. H., Jaworski, Z., Golonka, M., Jezierski, T., Dlugosz, B., Pieszka, M.
The aims of the present study were as follows: (1) to identify the particular characteristics of a horse that are important to riders, and (2) to examine which of these properties are significant for different categories of riders. The participants (197; 78.7% females) were surveyed using the...
Survey of undesirable behaviors displayed by potential guide dogs with puppy walkers
| Contributor(s):: Gazzano, A., Mariti, C., Sighieri, C., Ducci, M., Ciceroni, C., McBride, E. A.
This research aimed to identify the frequency and type of undesirable behaviors observed by guide dog puppy walkers and management strategies used by them during the puppy-walking period. All members of 36 puppy-walking families (N = 96), recruited from the National School of Guide Dogs for...
An examination of changes in oxytocin levels in men and women before and after interaction with a bonded dog
| Contributor(s):: Miller, S. C., Kennedy, C., DeVoe, D., Hickey, M., Nelson, T., Kogan, L.
Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide increasingly recognized for its role in bonding, socialization, and stress relief. Previous research has demonstrated participants' OT levels increased after interacting with or petting a dog, suggesting OT is at least partially responsible for the calm, relaxing...
Attitudes and actions of West Indian dog owners towards neutering their animals: a gender issue?
| Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Samuels, D., Mather, J.
A study of the attitudes and actions of 281 dog owners towards neutering their animals is reported from New Providence, The Bahamas, based on a study conducted in 2001. Owner attitudes towards neutering are associated with different sterilization rates of dogs. While owners' gender is associated...
Attitudes of Romanian pet caretakers towards sterilization of their animals: gender conflict over male, but not female, companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Cocia, R. I., Rusu, A. S.
Sterilization of companion animals is in most cases an expression of the caretaker's will. However, little is known about caretakers' attitudes toward pet sterilization in general - these can influence their decision to sterilize their own animals. Three hundred and twelve Romanian caretakers of...
Attitudes towards dogs: a study of university students in Japan and the UK
| Contributor(s):: Miura, A., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Tanida, H.
The attitudes of 229 (142 females, 87 males) Japanese and 212 (131 females, 81 males) British students towards dogs were measured using a questionnaire comprising 46, seven-point Likert scale items, taking the cultures of both Japan and the UK into consideration. Their responses were separately...
Dog-resident interactions in a Japanese retirement home
| Contributor(s):: Koda, N., Yanai, J.
We observed a dog visitation program in a geriatric retirement home in Japan, to obtain quantitative data on the human-dog interactions. Seven volunteer handlers and seven adult pet dogs were divided into two groups. Each group visited the home on one of two activity days each month for 18...
Pets, networks and well-being
| Contributor(s):: Hecht, L., McMillin, J. D., Silverman, P.
This study explores two explanations for well-being among older adults: social network analysis and human-animal relations. The data are based on a stratified probability sample of community living adults, aged 60 years and over, located in several rural communities in north-eastern Oregon. The...
Singly living people and their cats: a study of human mood and subsequent behavior
| Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C., Rieger, G.
We sought to examine how cat owners' moods correlated with subsequent interactions with their cats. Such a relationship has not been previously documented. Data from 47 women and 49 men living alone with their cats were collected. Participants were visited at their homes for one two-hour session...
Transportation of beef cattle to slaughterhouses and how this relates to animal welfare and carcase bruising in an extensive production system
| Contributor(s):: Huertas, S. M., Gil, A. D., Piaggio, J. M., Eerdenburg, F. J. C. M. van
The objective of this study was to evaluate conditions during transport and their effects on welfare and carcase bruising of beef cattle in Uruguay, a country with an extensive, pasture-based, production system. Twelve abattoirs were visited periodically during two years (2002-2003) and 448...
An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.
Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...