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  1. Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems

    Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.

    Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...

  2. Acoustic signals of a dog and cat induce hemodynamic responses within the human brain

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kobayashi, A., Maruko, T., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of the human frontal cortex when listening to cat meows and dog barks, accompanied with a non-verbal pictorial using an affective rating system that assesses the dimensions of valence and arousal. Each participant (24 students; 12 females...

  3. Address the end of life of the animal in the presence of the children of the familyApproccio al fine vita dell'animale in presenza di bambini

    Contributor(s):: Caux, A., Dattee, V.

  4. Adolescents care but don't feel responsible for farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jamieson, J., Reiss, M. J., Allen, D., Asher, L., Parker, M. O., Wathes, C. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

    Adolescents are the next generation of consumers with the potential to raise standards of farm animal welfare - to their satisfaction - if their preferences and concerns are translated into accurate market drivers and signals. There are no published data about adolescent views of farm animal...

  5. Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid

    Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.

    Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...

  6. Ambiguous mice, speaking rats: crossing and affirming the great divides in scientific practice

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, S.

  7. Ameliorating nonhuman animals' lives: Erin McKenna's pets, people, and pragmatism

    Contributor(s):: Palop, L. de T.

    This review article discusses Erin McKenna's pragmatist theory concerning the ethical treatment of companion animals, which she lays out in Pets, People and Pragmatism. McKenna develops a middle-ground view between the two opposite positions that frame the current debate on companion animals,...

  8. An animal-assisted therapy intervention with female inmates

    Contributor(s):: Jasperson, R. A.

  9. An evaluation of a dog bite prevention intervention in the pediatric emergency department

    Contributor(s):: Dixon, C. A., Pomerantz, W. J., Hart, K. W., Lindsell, C. J., Mahabee-Gittens, E. M.

  10. An evaluative review of theories: related to animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, E.

    The two dominant theories relating to animal cruelty are critically reviewed. These are the violence graduation hypothesis and the deviance generalization hypothesis. The outcomes indicate very high consistency with the broader antisocial behavior and aggression literature, which is large and...

  11. An examination of changes in oxytocin levels in men and women before and after interaction with a bonded dog

    Contributor(s):: Miller, S. C., Kennedy, C., DeVoe, D., Hickey, M., Nelson, T., Kogan, L.

    Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide increasingly recognized for its role in bonding, socialization, and stress relief. Previous research has demonstrated participants' OT levels increased after interacting with or petting a dog, suggesting OT is at least partially responsible for the calm, relaxing...

  12. An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.

    Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...

  13. An investigation into the efficacy of therapy dogs on reading performance in 6-7 year old children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rainer Wohlfarth, Bettina Mutschler, Andrea Beetz, Karin Schleider

    There is scientific evidence that the presence of a therapy dog can positively impact on the performance of cognitive tasks (e.g. Gee et al., 2010). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a therapy dog on reading performance. Twelve children in second grade, aged 6 to 7 years old,...

  14. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  15. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  16. An online social network to increase walking in dog owners: a randomized trial

    | Contributor(s):: Schneider, K. L., Murphy, D., Ferrara, C., Oleski, J., Panza, E., Savage, C., Gada, K., Bozzella, B., Olendzki, E., Kern, D., Lemon, S. C.

    Purpose: Encouraging dog walking may increase physical activity in dog owners. This cluster-randomized controlled trial investigated whether a social networking Web site (Meetup TM) could be used to deliver a multicomponent dog walking intervention to increase physical activity. Methods:...

  17. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some...

  18. And say the cat responded? Getting closer to the feline gaze

    | Contributor(s):: White, K.

  19. Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung

    Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...

  20. Animal assisted interventionsGli interventi assistiti con gli animali

    | Contributor(s):: Bellini, F., Liverini, A.

    Pet therapy consists of an integrated approach aimed at alleviating the suffering and discomfort of people suffering from behavioural disorders or physical or cognitive deficits. In this paper the authors present an overview of All "animal assisted interventions".