Animal cognition in a more than human world
Contributor(s):: Flynn, P.
2020419-4229781946483201North American Veterinary Community (NAVC)Orlando,EnglishHuman-Animal Bond Association Clearwater, Florida, USA.text
'All ears': a questionnaire of 1516 owner perceptions of the mental abilities of pet rabbits, subsequent resource provision, and the effect on welfare
Contributor(s):: McMahon, S. A., Wigham, E.
Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds
Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.
In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of mind...
Mar 11 2016
The Human-Animal Bond-Exploring New Dimensions in Training
Welfare of apes in captive environments: comments on, and by, a specific group of apes
Contributor(s):: Savage-Rumbaugh, S., Wamba, K., Wamba, P., Wamba, N.
Accurately determining the proper captive environment for apes requires adequately assessing the psychological similarities between apes and humans. Scientists currently believe apes lack mental complexity (Millikan, 2006), raising questions concerning the evolution of human culture from ape-like...
An investigation into the efficacy of therapy dogs on reading performance in 6-7 year old children
| Contributor(s):: Rainer Wohlfarth, Bettina Mutschler, Andrea Beetz, Karin Schleider
There is scientific evidence that the presence of a therapy dog can positively impact on the performance of cognitive tasks (e.g. Gee et al., 2010). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a therapy dog on reading performance. Twelve children in second grade, aged 6 to 7 years old,...
Can dogs increase children's attention and concentration performance? A randomised controlled trial
| Contributor(s):: Karin Hediger, Dennis C Turner
Many practitioners report that the presence of an animal, or interaction with an animal, increases the attention and concentration of children, elderly persons or patients. Previous studies support this impression via indirect variables, but direct effects on children's attention...
Plush animals and the elderly
| Contributor(s):: Francis, Gloria, Munjas, Barbara
The presence of a therapy dog results in improved object recognition performance in preschool children
| Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Belcher, J. M., Grabski, J. L., DeJesus, M., Riley, W.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of a dog would have an impact on object recognition memory performance of preschool children. This work represents an extension of previous research which found that preschoolers require fewer instructional prompts to complete this...
The domestication of social cognition in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hare, B., Brown, M., Williamson, C., Tomasello, M.
Dogs are more skillful than great apes at a number of tasks in which they must read human communicative signals indicating the location of hidden food. In this study, we found that wolves who were raised by humans do not show these same skills, whereas domestic dog puppies only a few weeks old,...
How animal psychology contributes to animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Watanabe, S.
This article explores the contribution of animal psychology to animal welfare. Since animal welfare includes subjective welfare, it is crucial to know the subjective world of animals. Analysis of the concept of anthropomorphism is particularly important because it is a basic idea of animal...
Performing under pressure: stress and cognitive function
| Contributor(s):: Mendl, M.
Short-term spatial memory in the domestic horse
| Contributor(s):: McLean, A. N.
This study investigates the ability of horses to recall a feeding event in a two-point choice apparatus. Twelve horses were individually tested whereby they were maintained immobile in a test arena and visually and aurally experienced the delivery of food into one of two feed goals. The horses...
Testing a model for predicting primate crop-raiding using crop- and farm-specific risk values
| Contributor(s):: Nijman, V., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Crop-raiding by primates is increasingly known to cause conflict between humans and primates, and due to their opportunism, adaptability, intelligence and manipulative abilities, primates can be significant agricultural pests. Levels of crop-raiding are dependent on time of year, crop type, size...
The efficacy of the model-rival method when compared with operant conditioning for training domestic dogs to perform a retrieval-selection task
| Contributor(s):: McKinley, S., Young, R. J.
The influence of rearing on personality ratings of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)
| Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E.
Personality traits of 43 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at five zoos in the United Kingdom were assessed. Chimpanzees were categorized into one of three rearing conditions: mother-group-reared (MGR), reared with others but separated from mother (RO), and reared alone for a period of time...
A note on visual, olfactory and spatial cue use in foraging behavior of pigs: indirectly assessing cognitive abilities
| Contributor(s):: Croney, C. C., Adams, K. M., Washington, C. G., Stricklin, W. R.
The micro pig's (Sus scrofa) ability to use visual, olfactory and spatial cues to locate a food resource in a novel environment was investigated. In Experiment 1, four castrated male pigs were trained to identify a food resource - one of two plastic flower-pots placed within a 12.8 m x 6.7 m...
Clever hounds: social cognition in the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris ). (International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue)
| Contributor(s):: Cooper, J. J., Ashton, C., Bishop, S., West, R., Mills, D. S., Young, R. J.
This paper reviews the reasons why domestic dogs make good models to investigate cognitive processes related to social living and describes experimental approaches that can be adopted to investigate such processes in dogs. Domestic dogs are suitable models for investigating social cognition...
Which of the six utility breeds of dogs is best adapted for service with the State railways ? [not specified]
| Contributor(s):: Langner, G.
THE purebred sheep dog is the best choice, owing to its powers of endurance, elastic gait, thick coat, intelligence, and good temper.
Influence of environmental factors and breed on the adaptive intelligence of dogs
| Contributor(s):: Karpinski, M., Czyzowski, P., Drozd, L., Goleman, M.
This study aimed at evaluating the adaptive intelligence of different dog breeds, as well as that of multibreed hybrids, taking into account their sex, age and maintenance. 174 dogs were included in this study (81 bitches and 93 male dogs above 12 months of age). Among the studied dogs, 93 were...