Effect of pet insects on the psychological health of community-dwelling elderly people: a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial
Contributor(s):: Ko, H. J., Youn, C. H., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y.
Background: There is evidence that animal-assisted therapy has positive effects on mental health, especially in elderly people. Caring for insects is easy, relatively inexpensive, and does not require much space. Objective: The aim of this 8-week randomized, controlled, single-blinded study was...
Welfare of non-traditional pets
Contributor(s):: Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D., Bacon, H. J.
The keeping of non-traditional or 'exotic' pets has been growing in popularity worldwide. In addition to the typical welfare challenges of keeping more traditional pet species like dogs and cats, ensuring the welfare of non-traditional pets is complicated by factors such as lack of knowledge,...
Canine separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Reisner, I.
Vet's role in helping grieving owners
Contributor(s):: McParlin, P.
Pet ownership and cardiovascular risk reduction: supporting evidence, conflicting data and underlying mechanisms
Contributor(s):: Arhant-Sudhir, K., Arhant-Sudhir, R., Sudhir, K.
It is widely believed that pet ownership is beneficial to humans and that some of this benefit is through favourable effects on cardiovascular risk. In the present review, we critically examine the evidence in support of this hypothesis and present the available data with respect to major...
Canine fears and phobias; a regime for treatment without recourse to drugs
Contributor(s):: Rogerson, J.
From a study of 247 (102 male dogs and 145 bitches) case histories presenting varying degrees of fear and phobia, both generalised and specific, it has been possible to define standard patterns of behaviour. This was done on the basis of severity of the fear, the type of fear response displayed...
Long-term effects of tryptophan on behavioural response and growing-furring performance in silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes )
Contributor(s):: Rouvinen, K., Archbold, S., Laffin, S., Harri, M.
The effects of dietary tryptophan (TRP) supplementation on behavioural response, body weight, feed intake and winter fur development were assessed in silver fox pups from 28 July until 5 December 1997. Ten males and 10 females received a commercial fox ration (control) and 10 males and 10 females...
The treatment of phobias in the dog
Contributor(s):: Walker, R., Fisher, J., Neville, P.
Since 1992 the authors have been compiling a casebook of detailed histories of canine phobia. As the work progressed modifications were made to the diagnostic criteria of anxiety in the dog. A combination of phenobarbitone with propranolol was used with perceived success supported by anecdotal...
The effect of visiting zoos on human health and quality of life
Contributor(s):: Sakagami, T., Ohta, M.
The increased mental stress of daily life and aging of the population are serious matters in Japan. There are many studies regarding the effects of human-animal interactions on mental and physical human health, whereas there are few studies examining the effects of visiting zoos. To determine the...
Loss of pets II
Contributor(s):: Satori, A.
One of the most significant difference between human and veterinary medicine is the chance for euthanasia. Euthanasia provides a painless termination of the animals' life, however, it increases the responsibility enormously. Many of our colleagues do not perform euthanasia or do it under very...
Assessment of mental stress in warmblood horses: heart rate variability in comparison to heart rate and selected behavioural parameters
Contributor(s):: Rietmann, T. R., Stuart, A. E. A., Bernasconi, P., Stauffacher, M., Auer, J. A., Weishaupt, M. A.
The aim of the study was to investigate whether heart rate variability (HRV) could assess alterations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) at different levels of excitement. The behavioural and physiological responses of 20 warmblood horses to a challenging ground exercise task were studied....
Characterising the emotional reactivity of cows to understand and predict their stress reactions to the slaughter procedure
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Gobert, M., Durand, D., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study on 32 Normand cows evaluated whether it is possible to identify, during rearing, individuals likely to be relatively reactive to the slaughter procedure. It evaluated further which factors may contribute to stress during the pre-slaughter period. Behavioural and physiological...
Analysis of child-dog play behavior in child psychiatry
Contributor(s):: Prothmann, A., Albrecht, K., Dietrich, S., Hornfeck, U., Stieber, S., Ettrich, C.
Children have a natural affinity for animals and most often communicate with them nonverbally; nonverbal communication is authentic and difficult to influence deliberately. This study examines whether characteristic interaction patterns exist during pet-facilitated therapy with dogs, and whether...
The effect of swimming with dolphins on human well-being and anxiety
Contributor(s):: Webb, N. L., Drummond, P. D.
The present investigation aimed to explore the psychological effects for humans of swimming with dolphins as opposed to swimming in the ocean without dolphins. It was hypothesized that people swimming with dolphins would experience significantly greater levels of well-being and reduced levels of...
Associations between open-field behaviour and stress-induced hyperthermia in two breeds of sheep
Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Torre, J. R. de la, Badiella, L., Manteca, X.
In sheep (Ovis aries) and other farm animals, routine husbandry procedures can cause negative emotions, such as fear, which are generally considered to reduce animal welfare. The open-field test (OFT) is the most widely used test to measure fearfulness in animals. The induction of psychological...
Perioperative stress response in dogs undergoing elective surgery: variations in behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase responses
Contributor(s):: Siracusa, C., Manteca, X., Ceron, J., Martinez-Subiela, S., Cuenca, R., Lavin, S., Garcia, F., Pastor, J.
The aim of this trial was to describe the behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase stress responses in dogs undergoing elective surgery in normal, clinical practice conditions. Sixteen dogs were submitted to elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy using a standardised surgical...
Welfare implications of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus )
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, E. L., Bateson, P.
Welfare costs of culling of red deer by rifle ('stalking') or by hunting with hounds ('hunting') were compared in southwestern England. Observations of hunts revealed that likely stressors such as close proximity to humans and hounds, active pursuit, noise, obstruction and physical restraint...
Horses as healers
Contributor(s):: Adams, C. L.