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  1. A brief note on the relationship between residual feed intake and aggression behaviour in juveniles of African catfish Clarias gariepinus

    Contributor(s):: Martins, C. I. M., Hillen, B., Schrama, J. W., Verreth, J. A. J.

    Individual differences in maintenance levels have been related with energetically expensive processes such as aggression. This relationship is not fully understood as on one hand individuals with higher maintenance requirements seem to be more aggressive but on the other hand have smaller...

  2. Acid-base responses of fat-adapted horses: relevance to hard work in the heat

    Contributor(s):: Kronfeld, D. S., Custalow, S. E., Ferrante, P. L., Taylor, L. E., Wilson, J. A., Tiegs, W.

    Feeding and training may affect acid-base responses to strenuous exercise. Acidosis usually correlates with higher blood lactate concentrations during intense exercise, but alkalosis has been found in horses, and higher lactate responses during sprints have been found in fat adapted horses. A...

  3. Activity patterns in reindeer with domestic vs. wild ancestry

    Contributor(s):: Reimers, E., Tsegaye, D., Colman, J. E., Eftestol, S.

    We analyzed GPS-based activity patterns for two wild reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herds: Norefjell-Reinsjofjell with domestic ancestry and larger average body size and Rondane with wild ancestry and smaller body sizes. We compared activity patterns and tested whether these could...

  4. Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"

    Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.

    This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.

  5. Association with humans and seasonality interact to reverse predictions for animal space use

    Contributor(s):: Laver, P. N., Alexander, K. A.

  6. Can emotional reactivity predict stress responses at slaughter in sheep?

    Contributor(s):: Deiss, V., Temple, D., Ligout, S., Racine, C., Bouix, J., Terlouw, C., Boissy, A.

    The slaughter period is very complex and may represent different types of stress for the animal. The way and extent animals react to these stress factors depend on their individual emotional reactivity. The objective of the present study was to determine in sheep relationships between reactivity...

  7. Cardiorespiratory and Biomechanical Responses to Simulated Recreational Horseback Riding in Healthy Children

    Contributor(s):: Rigby, Brandon R., Papadakis, Zacharias, Bane, Annie A., Park, Jin K., Grandjean, Peter W.

  8. Characterising the emotional reactivity of cows to understand and predict their stress reactions to the slaughter procedure

    Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Gobert, M., Durand, D., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study on 32 Normand cows evaluated whether it is possible to identify, during rearing, individuals likely to be relatively reactive to the slaughter procedure. It evaluated further which factors may contribute to stress during the pre-slaughter period. Behavioural and physiological...

  9. Development and validation of a behavioral acclimation protocol for cats to respiration chambers used for indirect calorimetry studies

    Contributor(s):: Gooding, M. A., Duncan, I. J. H., Atkinson, J. L., Shoveller, A. K.

    Cats exposed to novel environments initiate stress responses by behavioral and physiological changes that modify metabolism and lead to the collection of unreliable data. Fourteen cats (10+or-2 months) were subjected to an 11-week acclimation procedure to adapt to restriction within chambers used...

  10. Effects of chronic intake of starch-, glucose- and fructose-containing diets on eating behaviour in adult minipigs

    Contributor(s):: Ochoa, M., Malbert, C. H., Lalles, J. P., Bobillier, E., Val-Laillet, D.

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess whether chronic intake of isocaloric high-fat diets differing partly in the source of carbohydrates (starch, glucose or fructose) and fed at the same level of intake impacts eating behaviour in the adult Yucatan minipig. Methods: Adult minipigs...

  11. Effects of different degrees of social isolation on the behaviour of weaned piglets kept for experimental purposes

    Contributor(s):: Herskin, M. S., Jensen, K. H.

    The effect of degree of isolation on the behaviour of weaned piglets was investigated using eight replicates of littermates, weaned at 4 weeks and caged for 2 weeks in metabolism chambers under varying degrees of isolation: fully isolated without physical contact with littermates; partly isolated...

  12. Evaluation of a Pet-Assisted Living Intervention for Improving Functional Status in Assisted Living Residents With Mild to Moderate Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Galik, Elizabeth, Thomas, Sue A., Hall, P. Sue, Chung, Seon Yoon, McCune, Sandra

  13. Evaluation of cerebral activity in the prefrontal cortex in mood [affective] disorders during animal-assisted therapy (AAT) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Aoki, J., Iwahashi, K., Ishigooka, J., Fukamauchi, F., Numajiri, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

  14. Feeding Zoology. How Animals were Fed in Nineteenth-Century Zoology

    Contributor(s):: Reiß, Christian

  15. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses of horses to therapeutic riding program: effects of different riders

    Contributor(s):: Fazio, E., Medica, P., Cravana, C., Ferlazzo, A.

  16. Individual differences in metabolism predict coping styles in fish

    Contributor(s):: Martins, C. I. M., Castanheira, M. F., Engrola, S., Costas, B., Conceicao, L. E. C.

    Studies on metabolism usually rely on measurements of oxygen consumption obtained in respirometry chambers. Despite rigorous standardization there is still considerable inter-individual variation in metabolic rates which is often ignored. Furthermore, housing in respirometry chambers implies...

  17. Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison? The influence of mode of action, physiological effects, and target specificity

    Contributor(s):: Twigg, L. E., Parker, R. W.

    1080 (sodium fluoroacetate)-baiting programmes are an important and often the only option for reducing the impact of invasive vertebrate pests on biodiversity and agricultural production in Australia and New Zealand. These programmes are generally recognised as being target specific, and...

  18. Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

    Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Castanheira, M. F., Conceicao, L. E. C., Martins, C. I.

    Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...

  19. Marx and Alienated Speciesism

    Contributor(s):: Foster, John Bellamy, Clark, Brett

  20. Metabolism and cryo-sensitivity of domestic cat (Felis catus) and cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) spermatozoa

    Contributor(s):: Kimberly Terrell

    Teratospermia (ejaculation of ≥ 60% structurally abnormal spermatozoa) is prevalent among felids facing extinction risk, including the cheetah. This trait also occurs in certain domestic cat populations, providing a valuable research model. Multiple components of sperm function are disrupted in...