The Correlation Between Snakebites And Meteorological Variations
Contributor(s):: Chang Na
Background: In the United States, approximately 45,000 snakebites occur annually and affect many people including veterinarians and farmers.1 Snakebites can cause significant pain and morbidity such as severe bleeding and skin necrosis. Better predictive information on snakebite risk could help...
Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents
Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.
Ethical issues in mitigation of climate change: the option of reduced meat production and consumption
Contributor(s):: Nordgren, A.
Nigeria's response to the impacts of climate change: developing resilient and ethical Adaptation options
Contributor(s):: Onyekuru, N. A., Marchant, R.
Using avian radar to examine relationships among avian activity, bird strikes, and meteorological factors
Contributor(s):: Coates, P. S., Casazza, M. L., Halstead, B. J., Fleskes, J. P., Laughlin, J. A.
Validating methods to determine walking rates of elephants within a zoological institution
Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Anderson, M.
Making scents out of changing spatial geographies: a closer look at the animal-human-faecal relationship
Contributor(s):: Carolan, M.
The paper begins by examining changing animal geographies, specifically, in regard to animals within Western nations that have been regulated over the years as their smells, sounds and bodily presences have been deemed inappropriate. Closely coupled to these changing animal configurations is also...
Intensive livestock farming: global trends, increased environmental concerns, and ethical solutions
Contributor(s):: Ilea, R. C.
By 2050, global livestock production is expected to double - growing faster than any other agricultural sub-sector - with most of this increase taking place in the developing world. As the United Nation's four-hundred-page report, Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options,...
Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)
Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H., Gjerris, M.
This special issue is a compilation of articles from dispersed research groups and individual PhD students which focus on interdisciplinary works on animal welfare involved in Nordic agri-aquaculture field and food ethics. Topics discussed are: how to consider the value of farm animals in...
The price of responsibility: ethics of animal husbandry in a time of climate change. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)
Contributor(s):: Gjerris, M., Gamborg, C., Rocklinsberg, H., Anthony, R.
This paper examines the challenges that climate change raises for animal agriculture and discusses the contributions that may come from a virtue ethics based approach. Two scenarios of the future role of animals in farming are set forth and discussed in terms of their ethical implications. The...
Dog Ownership Enhances Symptomatic Responses to Air Pollution in Children with Asthma
Contributor(s):: McConnell, Rob, Berhane, Kiros, Molitor, Jassy, Gilliland, Frank, Kuenzli, Nino, Thorne, Peter, Thomas, Duncan, Gauderman, WJames, Avol, Edward, Lurmann, Fred, Rappaport, Edward, Jerrett, Michael, Peters, John
Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland
Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.
We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...
Dairy cows prefer shade that offers greater protection against solar radiation in summer: shade use, behaviour, and body temperature
Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Rogers, A. R., Cox, N. R., Tucker, C. B.
There is considerable evidence that shade is a valuable resource for cattle in summer, but less is known about the important design features of effective shade. The aim of this experiment was to investigate if lactating dairy cows have a preference for shade that offers greater protection against...
How important is shade to dairy cattle? Choice between shade or lying following different levels of lying deprivation
Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Cox, N. R., Matthews, L. R.
Provision of shade to dairy cattle in summer can alleviate negative effects of heat stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative importance of shade to lactating dairy cows in different ambient weather conditions in summer. The motivation to use shade was compared to the...
Synthetic lying mats may improve lying comfort of gestating sows
Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, F. A. M., Wouters, F., Struelens, S., Sonck, B., Duchateau, L.
A prototype lying mat as an alternative to straw bedding for improving sow lying comfort was evaluated using a dynamic group of 47 gestating sows housed in a pen with 5 communal lying areas. Mats were installed in 3 lying areas while the concrete floors of the remaining lying areas remained...
The effect of breed and housing system on dairy cow feeding and lying behaviour
Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.
In Ireland there is growing interest in managing dairy cows on out-wintering pads (OWPs) during the winter, as a low cost alternative to housing indoors. This study investigated feeding and lying behaviour of two breeds of dairy cow (Holstein-Friesian and Norwegian Red) at pasture (PAS) and in...
Four types of activities that affect animals: implications for animal welfare science and animal ethics philosophy
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D., MacRae, A. M.
People affect animals through four broad types of activity: (1) people keep companion, farm, laboratory and captive wild animals, often while using them for some purpose; (2) people cause deliberate harm to animals through activities such as slaughter, pest control, hunting, and toxicology...
Ethical issues concerning potential global climate change on food production
Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.
Burning fossil fuel in the North American continent contributes more to the CO2 global warming problem than in any other continent. The resulting climate changes are expected to alter global food production. The overall changes in temperature, moisture, carbon dioxide, insect pests, plant...
Tropical storm and hurricane recovery and preparedness strategies
Contributor(s):: Goodwin, B. S., Jr., Donaho, J. C.
The goal of this article is to present lessons learned from the devastating effects of two specific natural disasters in Texas: Tropical Storm Allison, which flooded Houston in June 2001, and Hurricane Ike, which caused severe damage in Galveston in September 2008. When a disaster is predictable,...
Influences of intermittent daily draught on the behaviour of weaned pigs
Contributor(s):: Scheepens, C. J. M., Hessing, M. J. C., Laarakker, E., Schouten, W. G. P., Tielen, M. J. M.
The influence of time-unpredictable draught (forced cold air) on the behaviour of pigs was observed in a climate-controlled pig house with 2 identical rooms each with 5 pens. Two days after farrowing, pigs were matched pairwise to correct for genetic, weight and sex differences, and weaning at an...