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  1. Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany

    Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.

    Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...

  2. The effect of overgrown claws on behaviour and claw abnormalities of sows in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Stienezen, I. M. J., Leonard, F. C., Boyle, L. A.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of overgrowth of the weight bearing claws on the behaviour of sows in farrowing crates. The study used 24 multiparous lactating sows, 13 with overgrown (OG) rear claws and 11 controls. Sows were video recorded continuously from approximately...

  3. Twelve Uneasy Pieces on Research and Therapy

    Contributor(s):: Richardson, Laurel

  4. What to Think of Canine Obesity? Emerging Challenges to Our Understanding of Human-Animal Health Relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, Chris, Kerridge, Ian, Rock, Melanie

  5. Acute stress enhances sensitivity to a highly attractive food reward without affecting judgement bias in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Hernandez, C. E., Hinch, G., Lea, J., Ferguson, D., Lee, C.

    Affective states can be evaluated by assessing shifts in the animal's expectation of a positive and negative outcome in response to ambiguous cues, also known as judgement bias (JB). The aim of this study was to use a JB methodology, using a go/go type of task where animals are required to make...

  6. Comparison of locomotion scoring for dairy cows by experienced and inexperienced raters using live or video observation methods

    | Contributor(s):: Schlageter-Tello, A., Bokkers, E. A. M., Koerkamp, P. W. G. G., Hertem, T. van, Viazzi, S., Romanini, C. E. B., Halachmi, I., Bahr, C., Berckmans, D., Lokhorst, K.

    Lameness is considered a major problem in dairy production. Lameness is commonly detected with locomotion scores assigned to cows under farm conditions, but raters are often trained and assessed for reliability and agreement by using video recordings. The aim of this study was to evaluate intra-...

  7. Testing three measures of mouse insensibility following induction with isoflurane or carbon dioxide gas for a more humane euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Moody, C. M., Makowska, I. J., Weary, D. M.

    Laboratory mice are commonly killed via exposure to gradually increasing concentrations of isoflurane and carbon dioxide (CO 2) gas. Once rendered insensible using isoflurane or CO 2, a high concentration of CO 2 is used to decrease time to death. When the switch from isoflurane to a high flow...

  8. Dogs and their human companions: the effect of familiarity on dog-human interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Kerepesi, A., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.

    There are few quantitative examinations of the extent to which dogs discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar persons. In our study we have investigated whether dogs show differential behaviour towards humans of different degrees of familiarity (owner, familiar person, unfamiliar person). Dogs...

  9. How should the welfare of fetal and neurologically immature postnatal animals be protected?

    | Contributor(s):: Campbell, M., Mellor, D. J., Sandoe, P.

    Legal protection of the welfare of prenatal animals has not previously been addressed as a discrete subject within the academic literature on animal welfare, ethics and law. This paper aims to rectify this by reviewing the protections (or absence of protections) provided for fetuses by existing...

  10. Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.

    The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...

  11. Which personality dimensions do puppy tests measure? A systematic procedure for categorizing behavioral assays

    | Contributor(s):: McGarrity, M. E., Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D.

    With the recent increase in interest in personality in dogs, behavioral assays of their behavior have proliferated. There has been particularly strong interest in predicting adult behavior from puppy tests. As a result, researchers and practitioners seeking to measure personality in puppies are...

  12. Methodological considerations in designing and evaluating animal-assisted intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Stern, Cindy, Chur-Hansen, Anna

  13. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    | Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  14. A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.

    Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...

  15. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  16. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    | Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  17. Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): a factor to consider during welfare assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Liminana, R., Mauri, M.

    Elevated glucocorticoid levels during an extended time period might be a stress indicator in nonhuman animals. Therefore, knowledge of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is very important to correctly interpret data obtained for welfare assessment of animals in captivity through salivary...

  18. Efficient cooperative restraint training with rhesus macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Bliss-Moreau, E., Theil, J., Moadab, G.

    It is sometimes necessary for nonhuman primates to be restrained during biomedical and psychosocial research. Such restraint is often accomplished using a "primate chair." This article details a method for training adult rhesus macaques to cooperate with a chair restraint procedure using positive...

  19. Humane killing of nonhuman animals for disease control purposes

    | Contributor(s):: Raj, M.

    Reports and guidelines produced by international institutions such as the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 2005) describe various methods of killing nonhuman animals. Selection and implementation of a killing method may involve several factors. Preventing or minimizing risk to human...

  20. Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.

    This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...