Effect of positive tactile stimulation and prepartum milking routine training on behavior, cortisol and oxytocin in milking, milk composition, and milk yield in Gyr cows in early lactation
Contributor(s):: Ujita, Aska, El Faro, Lenira, Vicentini, Rogério Ribeiro, Pereira Lima, Maria Lucia, de Oliveira Fernandes, Leonardo, Oliveira, André Penido, Veroneze, Renata, Negrão, João Alberto
Does environmental enrichment consisting of brushing prepartum zebu heifers improve first-lactation behavior?
Contributor(s):: da Silva, Pércia Monteiro Rocha Soares, Ferreira, Isabel Cristina, da Fonseca Neto, Álvaro Moraes, Malaquias, Juaci Vitória, de Pinho, Gabriel Alberto Santos, de Oliveira, Sara Adna Santos, Martins, Carlos Frederico
Effect of pre-partum habituation to milking routine on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers
Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, Annemari, Napolitano, Fabio, Grasso, Fernando, Di Palo, Rossella, Zicarelli, Fabio, Arney, David, De Rosa, Giuseppe
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect pre-partum habituation in the milking parlour on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers. Sixteen buffalo heifers in late gestation were used for this study. The animals, with an age ranging from 30 to 44 months at the start of...
Behavioural changes in dairy cows with lameness in an automatic milking system
Contributor(s):: Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G., Kaler, Jasmeet, Remnant, John, Cheyne, Lydia, Abbott, Caroline, French, Andrew P., Pridmore, Tony P., Huxley, Jonathan N.
There is a tendency worldwide for the automation of farms; this has included the introduction of automatic milking systems (AMS) in the dairy industry. Lameness in dairy cows is highly prevalent and painful. These impacts potentially affect not only animal welfare, but also farm economies. Three...
Training methods for introducing cows to a pasture-based automatic milking system
Contributor(s):: Jago, J., Kerrisk, K.
Training cows to use an automatic milking system (AMS) is an important process as this method of milking depends on cows voluntarily using the AMS. This study examined two levels of training before calving on the behaviour of cows and heifers in an extensive pasture-based AMS. Animals received...
Genetic and non-genetic factors associated with milking order in lactating dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Berry, Donagh P., McCarthy, John
The ability to rapidly identify temporal deviations of an animal from its norm will be important in the management of individual cows in large herds. Furthermore, predictors of genetic merit for especially health traits are useful to augment the accuracy of selection, and thus genetic gain, in...
The impact of fetching at night on milking parlour visitation for pasture-based dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Wildridge, Ashleigh M., Thomson, Peter C., Garcia, Sergio C., Jongman, Ellen C., Clark, Cameron E. F., Kerrisk, Kendra L.
In most pasture-based automatic milking systems (AMS), three-way grazing (3WG) is utilised and cows that remain in a given paddock are fetched or encouraged to the milking facility (each paddock is cleared once per day). Fetching is ideally undertaken within 15 h of the opening of each pasture...
Evaluation of different habituation protocols for training dairy jennies to the milking parlor: Effect on milk yield, behavior, heart rate and salivary cortisol
Contributor(s):: De Palo, Pasquale, Maggiolino, Aristide, Albenzio, Marzia, Caroprese, Mariangela, Centoducati, Pasquale, Tateo, Alessandra
The aim of the trial was to apply different habituation protocols for machine milking to never machine-milked donkeys observing the effect on behavior, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration and milk yield. Sixty lactating dairy donkeys were studied; the animals were divided into three...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
Mar 03 2017
Wisconsin Dairy & Beef Well-Being Conference 2017
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Daily grazing time of dairy cows is recorded accurately using the Lifecorder Plus device
Contributor(s):: Delagarde, R., Lamberton, P.
Accurate estimation of daily grazing time and nycthemeral grazing pattern in ruminant nutrition research may result in a better understanding of sward-animal interactions and of the behavioural constraints affecting daily intake at pasture. Portable devices which automatically record grazing...
Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.
In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...
Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour
Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.
This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...
Reconsideration of the early domestication process of goats or sheep in the Middle East: the meaning of two types of nursing interventions into the ewe-neonate relationship
Contributor(s):: Tani, Yutaka
The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...
Dairy cow behavior and welfare implications of time waiting before entry into the milking parlor
Contributor(s):: Dijkstra, C., Veermae, I., Praks, J., Poikalainen, V., Arney, D. R.
The objective of this study was to investigate dairy cows' time spent in the possibly stressful waiting area (WA) of the milking parlor (MP) and their behavioral patterns while there and thereby investigate comparative effects on their welfare. The experiments were carried out in 3 loose-housing...
Supernumerary teat removal can be avoided in dairy sheep
Contributor(s):: Palacios, C., Abecia, J. A.
The aim of this work was to determine whether the removal of supernumerary teats from dairy sheep when they are born is a useful procedure in the farming routine. Ewes were divided into 3 groups according to the number of teats at milking: ewes who were born with 2 teats; ewes who were born with...