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  1. Evaluation of a welfare indicator protocol for assessing animal welfare in AMS herds: researcher, production advisor and veterinary practitioner opinion

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Jakobsen, I. A., Hindhede, J., Klaas, I. C., Bonde, M., Sorensen, J. T.

    A welfare indicator protocol integrating a total of 38 measures from 4 information sources: housing system, management, animal behaviour and clinical health has been developed for decision support in Automatic Milking System (AMS) herds. Two expert opinion studies focusing on the relevance of the...

  2. Human and animal behaviour in dairy buffalo at milking

    | Contributor(s):: Saltalamacchia, F., Tripaldi, C., Castellano, A., Napolitano, F., Musto, M., Rosa, G. de

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between human behaviour, buffalo behaviour and prevalence of oxytocin injection at milking. The research was carried out on 17 buffalo farms. On each farm the stockperson's behaviour toward the buffaloes and the buffaloes' behaviour were observed...

  3. Is lameness a welfare problem in dairy farms with automatic milking systems?

    | Contributor(s):: Klaas, I. C., Rousing, T., Fossing, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.

    Lameness, a disease often observed in loose-housed dairy cattle herds, affects animal welfare in general and reduces cow locomotion. As cow traffic may be affected by restricted locomotion, lameness may be a significant problem in herds with automatic milking systems (AMSs). Between January and...

  4. Luminance and glare in indoor cattle-handling facilities

    | Contributor(s):: Klinglmair, K., Stevens, K. B., Gregory, N. G.

    This study examined the sources of glare and range in luminance levels in eleven UK cattle abattoirs, and the effect of reflected glare from a footbath on balking behaviour of cows in a milking parlour. At the abattoirs, the mean luminance levels decreased from 240,000 cd m-2 outdoors to 100 cd...

  5. On-farm welfare assessment systems: what are the recording costs?

    | Contributor(s):: Sorensen, J. T., Rousing, T., Moller, S. H., Bonde, M., Hegelund, L.

    To illustrate that different approaches lead to different costs a cost calculation on four different welfare assessment systems for four different animal species has been carried out; an integrated pig herd (450 sows), a dairy cattle herd with automatic milking (90 cows), an organic egg...

  6. Potential animal-centred indicators of dairy goat welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Mazurek, M., Marie, M., Desor, D.

    This paper presents five tests based on behavioural and other animal-centred observations concerning dairy goat welfare. An emotional reactivity test (n=40) classified the animals into different groups according to their behaviour in response to fear-eliciting stimuli, and identified anxious...

  7. Rank correlated use of soft flooring by dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Platz, S., Ahrens, F., Bendel, J., Meyer, H., Erhard, M. H.

    The present study covers rank correlated use of soft flooring during partial replacement (45% of the total floor space) of concrete slatted floor by rubber covering. For this purpose, the rank position of 19 cows within a 50 Brown Swiss dairy cattle herd was evaluated by calculating the...

  8. The use of conjoint analysis to determine the importance of factors that affect on-farm welfare of the dairy cow

    | Contributor(s):: Angus, L. J., Bowen, H., Gill, L. A. S., Knowles, T. G., Butterworth, A.

    A large range of variables can affect the welfare of the dairy cow, making it difficult to assess the overall 'level of welfare' of the individual animal. Two groups of individuals completed a questionnaire based upon the 'five freedoms': 26 respondents had expertise either in the...

  9. Time budgets and adrenocortical activity of cows milked in a robot or a milking parlour: interrelationships and influence of social rank

    | Contributor(s):: Lexer, D., Hagen, K., Palme, R., Troxler, J., Waiblinger, S.

    Adrenocortical activity and time budgets in a robotic milking system in two variants of cow traffic (partially forced, free) were compared with a conventional milking system, focusing on the relationships between adrenocortical activity, time budgets, and social rank of the cows. Both groups were...

  10. Mortality models and milking : problems of uniformitarianism, optimality and equifinality reconsidered

    | Contributor(s):: Halstead, Paul

  11. Long-term effect of housing method during the first three months of life on human-animal relationship in female dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Mogensen, L., Krohn, C. C., Foldager, J.

    To investigate the effect of housing during the first 3 months of life to the end of the first lactation on the human-animal relationship and milk production, 80 female dairy calves were housed either in open single pens (SOpen), closed single pens (SClosed), calf-groups (GCalf; 5 calves per...

  12. Evaluation of the relationship between milkers and dairy cows and its effect on animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Salaberry, X., Huertas, S., Cesar, D., Piaggio, L., Gil, A.

    Animal fear towards people can be very stressful, making animal handling difficult and dangerous. The way animals are handled, absence of food, milking parlour conditions and presence of human beings constitute a special stimulus to the animal. If it is positive, fear diminishes and the capacity...

  13. The influence of the human-animal interaction in the milking parlour on the behaviour, heart-rate and milk yield of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Knierim, U., Waran, N. K.

    This study addressed questions regarding the quality of human-cow interactions in the modern milking parlour, and whether in this situation cows still react differently to different milkers.