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  1. Impact of Androstenone on Leash Pulling and Jumping Up in Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Glenna Pirner, John McGlone

    Dogs are relinquished to shelters due to behavioral problems, such as leash pulling and jumping up. Interomones are chemical cues produced by one species that elicit a response in a different species. We reported earlier that androstenone, a swine sex pheromone, acts as an interomone to reduce...

  2. Causes of relinquishing the dogs adopted from animal shelters in Taiwan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fuh, YingBin, Tung, MengChi, Tung, KwongChung, Chiang, JengTung, Fei, ChangYoung

    This study investigated the causes of relinquishing the dogs adopted from animal shelters. The subjects were the adopters of public animal shelters in Taiwan in 2003 similar to 2005. Random sampling was conducted upon 10% of the population. This study collected data by telephone survey, and 1,185...

  3. Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach

    | Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.

    This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...

  4. Psychopathology in great apes: concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders

    | Contributor(s):: Brune, M., Brune-Cohrs, U., McGrew, W. C., Preuschoft, S.

    Many captive great apes show gross behavioral abnormalities such as stereotypies, self-mutilation, inappropriate aggression, fear or withdrawal, which impede attempts to integrate these animals in existing or new social groups. These abnormal behaviors resemble symptoms associated with...

  5. Relationship between attachment to owners and separation anxiety in pet dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parthasarathy, V., Crowell-Davis, S. L.

    Dogs' dysfunctional attachment relationships with their owners are assumed to be the underlying cause of separation anxiety. Thirty-two dogs with and 43 dogs without owner-reported separation anxiety (SA) participated in a formal attachment test (AT). After the AT, the dogs were videotaped...

  6. A placebo-controlled study to investigate the effect of Dog Appeasing Pheromone and other environmental and management factors on the reports of disturbance and house soiling during the night in recently adopted puppies (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, K., Mills, D. S.

    Disturbance and house soiling during the night are common problems faced by the new puppy dog owner. They may result as consequence of a mismatch between the developmental status of the puppy and its new environment and/or separation distress in a typically social animal. The aim of this study...

  7. Veterinary behavioural medicine. Selected papers presented at the 5th Biennial International Conference on Veterinary Behavioural Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 14-16 July 2005

    | Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Landsberg, G.

    This issue contains papers on normal behaviour and behavioural problems of dogs and approaches on how to manage these problems, including training and drug therapy.

  8. Human-canine relationships: Dog behavior and owner perceptions

    | Contributor(s):: Briannan K. Byrd

    Owning a dog has many physiological and psychological advantages; however, dog behavior can manifest itself in a variety of negative ways, including aggression. Research suggested that genetics and environment might play a role in aggression. It was demonstrated that owners can affect their dogs’...

  9. Treat or euthanize: helping owners make critical decisions regarding pets with behavior problems

    | Contributor(s):: Haug, L. I.

    This article describes the environmental and the animal's own factors that influence the development of behaviour problems and aggression and also considers the owners' perceptions, emotions and finances to help them decide on a treatment programme before considering euthanasia.

  10. Look and learn: your pet is talking

    | Contributor(s):: Riccomini, F.

    This article describes how pet owners should watch and listen to their pets in order to resolve any behaviour problems.

  11. Understanding rabbit behavior and preventing and treating behavior problems

    | Contributor(s):: Crowell-Davis, S. L.

    The natural behaviour of rabbits and the prevention and management of common behaviour problems are presented.

  12. Stereotypies and compulsive behaviours - causes and possibilities of prevention

    | Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F.

    Despite the fact that livestock animals like companion pets have adapted through domestication to a life with human beings, they have the same demands on their environment as their feral conspecifics. Therefore, animal husbandry means keeping animals under conditions which are appropriate to the...

  13. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  14. Relinquishing dog owners' ability to predict behavioural problems in shelter dogs post adoption

    | Contributor(s):: Stephen, J., Ledger, R.

    The aim of this paper is to investigate whether relinquishing owners' reports of their dogs' behaviour corresponds with how these dogs behave in their new homes 2 and 6 weeks post-adoption. In this longitudinal study, information on dog behaviour was collected using a 20-item...

  15. Genetic variation in aggression-related traits in Golden Retriever dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Liinamo, A. E., Berg, L. van den, Leegwater, P. A. J., Schilder, M. B. H., Arendonk, J. A. M. van, Oost, B. A. van

    In this study, heritabilities of several measures of aggression were estimated in a group of 325 Golden Retrievers, using the Restricted Maximum Likelihood method. The studied measures were obtained either through owner opinions or by using the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research...

  16. A review of the behavioral and neurochemical consequences of early weaning in rodents. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Kikusui, T., Nakamura, K., Mori, Y.

    In mammals, mother-infant bonding is based on the dependence of the infant on the mother for sustenance, i.e., the infant suckles milk, but also involving a need for physical contact. Weaning is one of the most important events that occur in developing animals and the timing of natural weaning is...

  17. Maternal deprivation and the development of stereotypic behaviour. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Latham, N. R., Mason, G. J.

    Many farm, laboratory, zoo and companion animals experience some form of maternal deprivation. This is typically via separation from their mothers earlier than would happen in free-living populations, in some cases even while young are still dependent upon milk. Maternal deprivation may also...

  18. Addressing nonhuman primate behavioral problems through the application of operant conditioning: is the human treatment approach a useful model? (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)

    | Contributor(s):: Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Training by the systematic application of operant conditioning has been widely applied in the care, management, exhibition, and study of nonhuman primates and many other species, but is less often used to control problematic animal behavior such as stereotyped behavior or self-injurious behavior....

  19. Special Issue: Early Weaning. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Dybkjaer, L.

    This special issue includes review papers as well as research papers dealing with many aspects of early weaning. The first five review papers include descriptions of theories and mechanisms behind social attachment and separation, progress of natural weaning process, responses to early weaning...

  20. The ethological and physiological characteristics of cribbing and weaving horses

    | Contributor(s):: Clegg, H. A., Buckley, P., Friend, M. A., McGreevy, P. D.

    Data were gathered on the behavioural and physiological characteristics of five cribbers, six weavers and six non-stereotypic (control) mature Thoroughbred geldings for a period of 16 weeks. The horses were hired from their owners and stabled individually throughout the trial. Cribbers and...